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Sparviero (Sparrowhawk) anti-tank missile

Sparviero ATGMThe Breda Meccanica Bresciana Sparviero (Sparrowhawk) missile anticarro [anti-tank missile], developed in the mid-1970s for service in the 1980s, was fired from a 70kg launcher. The weapon, which is optically sighted, is thought to have infra-red homing and is effective at ranges between 75m and 3,000m. A 4kg hollow-charge warhead is fitted. The missile attains a maximum speed of 850 km/hr and reached extreme range in about l0 seconds. Sparviero may also be used from light helicopters. The complete system weighed 69kg and guidance was by an infrared system developed by Officine Galileo. It can also be operated from light helicopters or armored personnel carriers.

This system is very poorly attested and did not to have entered service - the Franco-German M Milan ATGM was selected in stead. Until the June 16, 1980 meeting of the Italian Parliament's Implementation Committee of the law of June 16, 1977 n. 372 (modernization of the Army vehicles) nor the Committee itself, nor the Parliament had been informed of the choice made by the Defense Administration in favor of the "Milan (medium-range counter-mounted guided missile - up to 2 kilometers - produced by the Franco Consortium - German »Euromissile). Originally (1977) the "Milan" was just one of the possible alternatives. According to those responsible for defense, the choice was then determined by the failure of the Italian project »Sparviero (Breda).

On June 16, 1980, an opinion was requested from the Committee on industrial compensation, which should be part of the Milan purchase program. In practice, the French, German and English governments would undertake to purchase Italian war material for an amount estimated at 200 billion to compensate for the Italian purchase of the Milan antitank system produced by those countries. On that occasion, the Director Gallucci "represents the necessity that the technical choice that is the basis of the program be given formal and preventive communication to the Parliament, pursuant to article 1 of the law 16.6.1977 n. 372.

Only after a year and a half and that is December 16, 1981 the Minister of Defense fulfills the legal obligation by presenting a report on the anti-tank system »Milan before the Chamber Defense Commission. Until then the Parliament had been "informed only by a note (5) contained in the annex to the Budget, which referred to" rocket launchers and msl systems. c / c (n. 6): negotiations in progress for co-production. It is to this note that Gen. Poli refers, during the meeting of the Committee of 16 June 1980, in arguing that Parliament was informed. According to the general, the financial burden and the name of the system chosen are only details to which the parliamentarians should not be interested.

On February 9th 1981 the Committee examines the draft contract with the Euromissile for the supply of the first tranche - directly from abroad - of 250 launchers and 3252 missiles of the system Milan. A contract with Oto-Melara would be formalized for the other 1080 launchers and 32,500 missiles of the Milan" system will also be submitted to the Committee. But the Committee does not approve this "scheme because Oto-Melara expects to extend Milan's supplies until 1990, that is, well beyond the programming limits of the promotional law. But the most scandalous aspect is the fact that the missiles produced by Oto-Melara cost 60% more than those purchased directly from the Euromissile: 698 billion against 437. This difference of 261 billion would be justified by the opening to Gioia Tauro of a factory for the production of the "Milan" that perhaps would occupy 700 people, most of which would be technicians from the north of Italy.

Length 1.38 meters
Diameter 130mm
Wingspan 53 cm
Weight 16.5 Kg.
Range 3000 meters
propellant solid
Guidance IR Seeker and CLOS Guide (Command Line-of-sight)



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Page last modified: 28-04-2019 18:50:10 ZULU