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Romania - EU Relations

Romania became a Member State of the European Union on 1 January 2007, within the established timetable, thus completing a process initiated in the mid 90s. Romanias accession, together with the accession of Bulgaria, on 1 January 2007, concluded the fifth wave of enlargement of the Union, which had started on 1 May 2004 with the accession of eight Central and Eastern European countries, as well as Cyprus and Malta.

The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was created and developed as part of the European construction process and as a result of member states acknowledging the benefits of common external action. Briefly, CFSP is forged by all the decisions that member states, including Romania, are reaching in common, regarding their relationship, developed through the EU institutions and policies, with the other actors of the international system.

The Common Defense and Security Policy (CDSP) is a relatively new tool of the intergovernmental component of the EU, in a conceptual evolution since 1998 (the French-UK Summit in Saint Malo); it became operational in 2003 when the European Security Strategy was adopted and the first missions were launched, being destined to help achieve the goals defined by the aforementioned Strategy. The implementation report of the ESS (2008) includes the new challenges in the international security environment.

An important contribution supporting this vision is represented by the many crisis management missions deployed as many as 34 from 2003 to 2013. During all this time, the EU has earned the reputation of an actor capable of providing a comprehensive approach of crisis management, by putting a distinctive mark on both the military and the civilian side, especially in the area of the rule of law.

Romania has been actively involved in the security and defense area, known until 2009 as ESDP (European Defense and Security Policy), which makes now the object of the CDSP, even before it became a full EU member on 1 January 2007. Nowadays, Romania is an active contributor to the CDSP, both in relation to the political dimension, oriented to support the interests member states have identified as common in the field of security and defense, and with respect to the operational dimension, being an important player in many EU crisis management missions.

Romania is an active participant in the political dialogue inside the EU and plays an important role in the CDSP. As an EU member state, Romania is currently contributing to the drafting of the EU Positions, Statements and demarches and is fully applying them. Romania is observing the international sanctions regime and the restrictive measures imposed by the EU, the UN and OSCE. Romania is also participating in the meetings of all working groups and structures of the Council dealing with CDSP.

In the current security environment, characterized by changes in the nature and complexity of threats, the EU member states, including Romania, are using this specific tool of intergovernmental action in order to achieve an active EU presence at the global level.

At the foundation of EU actions in this field lies the European Security Strategy, adopted in December 2003, whose implementation status was the object of a Report, in December 2008, aimed at updating the Strategy in view of the current threats and risks and of the ambitions assumed, with more and more effectiveness, by the EU as a global player in promoting security and stability around the world.

?Romania is an active member of several key structures within CDSP, such as the Satellite Centre of the EU (EUSC), located in Torrejon (Spain), the Security Studies Institute of the EU (ISS), located in Paris, and the Brussels-based European Defence Agency (EDA). For en effective action of the EU in the CDSP field, Member States agreed upon the necessity to build new civilian and military capabilities, dedicated to this purpose. The European Defence Agency (EDA) has a central role in developing military capacities, as well as regarding the containment of fragmentation at the EU level in this strategic field of action, by developing cooperation programmes, further implemented by the Member States under the EDA "umbrella". Depending on its interests and needs in the military equipment field, Romania also gets involved in programs meant to develop last generation capabilities in order to add more value to these efforts. The Capability Development Plan is the main support element in the defence planning process of the Member States, creating the premises for a more effective response to the crisis situations that the EU will have to tackle in the future.

Regarding its military contribution, Romania confirmed its participation in two EU Battlegroups (EUBG). The Romanian contributions have been included in the HELBROC BG, formed by Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and Cyprus and in a second Battlegroup, ITROT, with Italy and Turkey.

On the civilian side, Romania is among the main contributors (with both personnel and equipment) to the EU civilian crisis management operations. In July 2013, 56 Romanian seconded experts and other 55 contracted personnel were taking part in CSDP missions.

Romania deems that the Euro-Atlantic frontier, based on democracy, freedom and security should not stop at its eastern border. Europe can not be complete without the integration of Western Balkans in the European and Euro-Atlantic structures. This country can help secure long-term stability in this region and support reforms undertaken by countries in the region. At the Eastern border of the Alliance, Romania has been and will continue to be a firm and active advocate of strengthening the partnership with Moldova. Romania will keep on supporting Georgias democratic development, its European vocation and its aspirations for integration into Euro-Atlantic structures.



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