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Military


Haren / Royal Norwegian Army

Norway is a long stretch of land with large values to defend. Along with the rest of the Norwegian armed forces Army ensures the values on the ground and create peace of mind for people in Norway and in international conflict areas. The principal task of the Norwegian Army is to: - provide land-based defence against invasion of one part of the country, at present North Norway; guard the border with Russia; maintain a presence in the rest of the country to combat any minor incursion; contribute one battalion to NATO's implementation forces; participate in UN forces, contributing up to 1,600 men; and support the civil community.

The main element of the Norwegian Army is its independent mechanized brigade, known as Brigade Nord (Brig N). This unit consists of two mechanized maneuver battalions, one light infantry battalion, and conventional combat support (CS) and combat service support (CSS) units (engineer, artillery, logistics, and medical units).

The Norwegian Army has at its disposal a Border Guard battalion; His Majesty the Kings Guards, which is a battalion-sized unit; a battalion-sized Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) unit; and a CIMIC Company. In addition, the Norwegian Army also has a SOF unit, namely the Norwegian Army Special Operations Command (NORASOC).

The Border Guard and His Majesty the Kings Guards are tasked with purely national duties. This excludes these units from being deployable abroad or function as significant manpower sources for such missions. NORASOC is also required to retain a minimum of its manpower on call in Norway to handle purely national missions.

The Norwegian Army is partly a conscript army and partly a volunteer force, where the basic building block for the Army's forces is the conscript force. All conscriptsmust go through a mandatory one-year training period that comprises the basic training. Implementation of new technology, new weapons, and new areas with regard to training. The most important tool for supporting the training is the Norwegian Army Combat Maneuver Training Centre (NACMTC).

The Army is the largest and oldest of the service branches, and the core of the Norwegian Armed Forces. The Army produces credible capacity of combat through the education of soldiers and units. At the same time it is a force participating in live missions. The Army consists of the units and capacities - the personnel and the equiment - that are under the command of the Chief of Staff of the Norwegian Army (COS NO A), as well as the forces he at any given time may have detached to the operational leadership of the Armed Forces and Commander National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ). Formally, COS NO A is the one receiving the missions from the Chief of Defence.

The realities to which Norway's Army must adapt are the end of the Cold War, and the luxury of an extensive national defence organization largely paid for by others. This requires the transition from "Napoleon's legacy" of personnel-intensive massed armies to a capital-intensive modern defence force capable of responding swiftly to recurrent and/or unforeseen emergencies but requiring a huge investment in training and technology - and the resulting need to cut operating costs and streamline the organization.

To mitigate challenges required increasing the size of the Armed Forces. The increase is likely to happen in the Army, with regard to both a significantly increased budget, and to the reorganization of one of the maneuver battalions in north Norway from a conscript battalion to a volunteer battalion, and thus give the army an enhanced capability for rapid response to a crisis or threat.

The Norwegian Army's newly approved training doctrine states that the Norwegian Army should be capable of conducting full spectrum operations, which, according to the doctrine, embrace four main types of operations; combat operations, stability operations, humanitarian operations, and information operations.

Domestic factors influence how the Norwegian Army carries out training and combat preparations. These include the location of the Army's forces throughout the country, the balance between conscriptunits and volunteer units in the Army, and the economy. However, probably the two most important domestic factors are the training paradigms within the Army and the effects of the ongoing military transformation.

According to the "Future acquisitions for the Norwegian Armed Forces 2015-2023", the bulk of the investments within the Land Systems Program are:

  • Combat vehicles and artillery (medium-weight, standard armored vehicles CV90, armoured reconnaissance systems (CV90)).
  • Life extension program on the Main Battle Tank Leopard 2A4 and new Combat Service vehicles on Leopard 2 chassis (Recovery-, Bridge layers and Engineer vehicles). Upgrade of 46 vehicles. The number may, however, be reduced.
  • Existing tracked vehicles BV-206 is to be upgraded in order to extend the vehicles service life and meet requirements for personnel health, working environment and safety.
  • Other investments include M-113s, various types of remotely operated weapon stations for vehicles, MLU SISU plus a number of smaller investments.

The bulk of the army's modernisation projects are not contracted. Delays of important material projects is challenging for both the army and the armed forces as a whole. Delays of material projects essential for the further development of the army indicate that the total picture for 2014 and for a long time period is challenging.

In 2014 the army helped by showing the ability and willingness to defend Norway'sr values on its own territory, but also by being a active participant in the NATO. The army is relatively small, and part of the equipment is starting to go out on a date, but the personnel hold a good fitness standard. Also in 2014 the army has put emphasis on the core values of respect, responsibility and courage, so that are the best equipped to meet the challenges faced, both in the day-to-day operations and in ongoing and new operations.

The army continues its comprehensive modernization through to adjust the structure and renew materials for most departments. Also in 2014 it added special emphasis on emergency work, that makes that the army has increased its ability to respond rapidly on the national and international situations.

Good management does not provide in itself even more war-fighting capability, but involves better control so that attention can be concentrated on the most important the tasks. Money and resources are controlled now into the ammunition, training, rehearsals, structure development and procurement of the necessary combat equipment on a far better way than before. Better management has given increased operational capability.

The garrison of Sr-Varanger resolves their missions along the the 196 km long border with Russia each day, year round. The mission solved with patrols and static monitoring and with technically advanced equipment on a very good way. Border guard also emerged in 2014 as a role model in several areas. The first is the Department an example of how the police and the armed forces can work together in a constructive way. Second, Border guard a pioneer Department for the integration of boys and girls in the service, which has aroused positive interested both in Norway and abroad. The Department is in the positive development, and the new border station in Svanvik is finally put to use. The foundation stone for the station Jarfjord is also closed down, and this was expected to be completed in 2016. Border guard is also a pilot Department for 18 months initial service.

His Majesty the King's core missions is to the Gardes educate forces and guard the Royal House. Also in 2014 is These missions have been resolved in a good way. The music squad and drill squad have in 2014 had the great opportunity to show off their skill, and the Department experienced welcome everywhere how they are acting. The performance of guards in relation the Royal residences are very satisfactory. The Academy has trained officers in 2014 as both are relevant and keeps a high level.

The Military Academy is a the leading accredited college with a practice-and theory-based Manager education on bachelor level, with established professional lines in the army as well as against civilian partners. The Military Academy is an important institution for the army and the strongest element to develop good managers and build culture internally. It is crucial that the model where the officer candidate school is subject to the War school, work and that the competence from the College will be used to develop youngest leaders. The Academy will also play a big role in the new specialist system. The interaction between the generalists and specialists must be good.






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Page last modified: 15-11-2015 20:17:09 ZULU