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Lithuania - Election 2012 - Seimas

In March 2012 Speaker of the Seimas Irena Degutiene called for holding early general election, saying that disagreements that followed the dismissal of two top officials of the Financial Crime Investigation Service would undermine the parliament's performance. Opposition parties said they would back the motion to call early an election. Lithuania's left-wing opposition took the lead in parliamentary elections October 14, 2012. Exit polls showed the left-wing Labor Party in first place, receiving nearly 20 percent of the vote while their likely coalition partners the center-left Social Democrats were in second with 18 percent. Meanwhile the conservative Homeland Union, led by Prime Minister Andrius Kubillius, was in third place with almost 17 percent, while its coalition partner, the Liberal Movement, was fourth with over 8 percent.

The centre left Social-Democratic Party (SDP) with 39 seats in the parliament was in coalition with the Labour Party (LP) - 29 seats, “Order and Justice” party - 12 seats, and the Lithuanian Poles’ Electoral Action (LPEA) party - 8 seats. The parliamentary opposition comprises the Homeland Union – Christian Democrats (HU/CD) - 33 seats, the Liberals Movement (LM) - 10 seats and, “The Way of Courage” party - 7 seats. Some 24 per cent of members of parliament (MPs) were women.

The Social Democratic Party and the Labor Party apparently benefited from voter anger over austerity measures imposed by Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius. Both parties ran on the promised that they would ease the pain of budget cutbacks, while fulfilling their fiscal responsibility. The leftist Social Democrats and the Labor Party, plus the populist Order and Justice party agreed to form a three-party coalition, with the post of prime minister going to the Social Democrats. After a second round of voting 29 October 2012 the parties won a total of 78 seats in the 141-seat government. Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius' Homeland Union came is second with 32 seats, but had little chance of forming a coalition government. Kubilius led Lithuania when the global economic crisis hit three years earlier, forcing him to institute unpopular austerity measures.

The opposition Social Democratic Party of Lithuania won 15 seats in the first round of voting, and got 22 in the second round. The party's leader Algirdas Butkevicius was elected in the first round already, which gives the party 38 seats in the parliament. The Labor Party, which secured 17 seats in the first round, led in 12 single-member constituencies. The party's candidate Virginija Baltraitiene was elected in the first round. All in all, the Labor Party was expected to have a political group of 29 MPs. The opposition Order and Justice Party won 6 seats in the first round, secured five seats in the second round, and was likely to have 11 representatives in the Lithuanian Seimas. The ruling Homeland Union–Lithuanian Christian Democrats is likely to have 33 representatives in the parliament after the party won 13 seats in the first round, and another 20 candidates were elected in the run-off. The ruling Liberal Movement won seven seats in the first round, and led in three constituencies in the run-off, and will most probably have 10 seats in the parliament.

The Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania won five seats in the first round. Its candidate Leonard Talmont was also elected in the first round. The party led in two constituencies, and the party was set to have 8 MPs. The Way of Courage party had already secured seven seats. It had no leading candidates in the run-off.

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