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Leopard 2NG (Next Generation)

Leopard NG (Next Generation) Aselsan developed the Leopard 2NG package for Leopard 2A4 tanks and produced the first prototype in 2011. Aselsan was using a ready-made protection package supplied from abroad in its Leopard 2 NG project. However, the project was not implemented.

The knowledge and experience gained in study was first achieved in the Tank 2000 project and KARTALGZU Crosshair System was developed. With this system LEOPARD 1A1A4 Main Battle Tanks in Turkish armed forces inventory between 2001 and 2009 have been modernized with domestic facilities. At the same time as such activities, the M60A1 Main Combat Tank's firing control system and and barrel electric systems also produced by ASELSAN. LEOPARD 1A1A4 and M60A1 modernization, a domestic and national Tank Shooting Control Accelerated efforts to develop the system (TAKS) and in 2006 TAKS development activities started. As a result of the five-year development period 1 TAKS prototype was integrated into leopard 2A4 Main Combat Tank in 2011. Between 2011 and 2013, testing and qualification studies were completed on the platform LEOPARD 2A4 NG (Next Generation).

The Leopard 2A4 NG tank modernization was one attempt Aselsan did on its own initiative in 2013. Some tests have been done on the AKS (Fire Control System) for the infrastructure of the Altay tank, and as a result, Altay continued to be tested. Leopard 2a4 NG AKS system gave very successful results. Aselsan made a smart move and introduced it as a package in order to gain market share in the modernizations that can be made in the Leopard 2a4s, which are used in many countries abroad, and this project remained entirely an export-oriented move.

The gun L44 used in Leo2a4 has a range of 3.5 km, and in Altay the range to be used with a L55 gun is around 5km. Naturally it is a heavier gun and it can also use muzzle-launch missiles, sabot and HEAT smart ammunition shells. The armor kits used in the Leopard 2a4 NG project were also supplied from a German company of IBD Deisenroth. In Altay, Roketsan was developing a special boron carbide armor. In addition, the Active protection system AKKOR developed by Aselsan was not included in the leo2 NG package. Had it been a serious item that would increase the cost of the upgrade. Even with this state of mind, the upgrade package of US$1.5-2 million per tank, with about 300 Leopard 2a4s in the inventory of the TSK. Considering the modernization of the fleet, there is a cost of around US$600 million.

In a tank modernization, the force would like to start from the worst to modernization. In the light of all this, the TSK may not have leaned towards this modernization. The Altay project also continues and all the information obtained from this modernization has been transferred to Altay.

ASELSAN all tanks in electronic, electro-optical, electro-mechanical and electro-hydraulic system by removing, place the-art systems will integrate. In this way, the spare part problem will be eliminated since all of the materials that have expired from the technological life are removed from the system. While the service life of modernized tanks will increase by at least 20 years, life cycle costs will be reduced to the lowest possible level.

The firing power of the Leopard 2A4 tank will be increased with the New Generation Fire Control System, Electric Gun Turret Power Unit and Remote Controlled Weapon System developed by ASELSAN for the ALTAY tank, and will have the features that no modern tank has today.

The New Generation Fire Control System is designed to provide the tank with the highest level of combat capability. Since the system includes two independent fire control systems, even if one of the systems loses its functionality, the tank continues to operate at full performance. Thanks to the unit functions performed at the card level, system reliability has been greatly increased by reducing the system complexity. In addition, the logistics cost of the system has been greatly reduced by using methods that will increase the logistic unity, such as the same electronic units of the two fire control systems and the use of a single type processor card with all tank software installed for different system functions.

Electric Gun Turret Power Units will be integrated instead of the existing hydraulic systems of the tank. Since hydraulic oils with high flammability will not be used, the safety of the tank will be greatly increased. In addition, since the noise level and heat production will be greatly reduced, the noticeability of the tank will be reduced to the lowest possible level. In addition to all this, despite the increased turret weight and inertia due to the additional armor, stabilization and steering performance will increase significantly.

Remote Control Weapon System is a stabilized weapon system with automatic target tracking feature that can be remotely controlled with the UKSS weapon control unit. UKSS can be used with 12.7mm or 7.62mm machine guns and 40mm grenade launchers to meet different requirements in the combat environment, and will provide a great advantage especially in the residential combat environment.

ASELSAN's ballistic and mine protection concept is based on additional armor modules, preserving the existing armor, without making any structural changes. Ballistic protection is provided by internal and external modules placed on the tower and the hull. The mounting interface of the additional armor modules allows for assembly / disassembly, even under field conditions, when deemed necessary. The ballistic protection map was created on the basis of modern kinetic energy and pit charge type threat ammunition. With the addition of internal and external protection modules against mines, protection is provided against hand-made explosives (IED) as well as traditional landmines. Thanks to the weight advantage provided by light armor modules, the mobility of the tank is protected to the maximum extent.

Laser Warning System, Command Control System, Driver's Vision System and Fire Extinguishing Systems are designed to maximize the sustainability of the Leopard 2A4 tank in the battlefield.

The Laser Warning System detects all laser sources directed on the tank, alerts the tank commander and gunner instantly and can launch the fog mortars simultaneously. In this way, the visibility of the tank is greatly reduced, and the time required for the tank to start a counter attack is created. In addition, the Laser Warning System works in full integration with the TAKS, and when a laser threat is detected, the gunner and / or the commander's periscope can be automatically directed to the target with the main weapon or the UKSS.

Command Control System provides coordination and effective information exchange from battalion level to single tank in combat environment. By playing an active role in situational awareness, tactical planning and rapid and accurate decision making, the KKS significantly increases the effectiveness of the tank in the battlefield. Thanks to the Driver Vision System, which consists of front and reverse thermal and reverse day cameras, the driver will be able to use the tank with full performance day and night, even in bad weather conditions.

ASELSAN offers state-of-the-art fire extinguishing systems that can operate in micro seconds for tank crews. Potential fires will be extinguished as soon as possible before the crew is affected by toxic gases. ASELSAN proposes two different systems that do not contain halon, which can provide protection against double hits, and that do not contain halon, which can protect against a single hit.

ASELSAN will remove all electronic, electro-optical, electro-mechanical and electro-hydraulic systems inside the tank and integrate state-of-the-art systems in their places. In this way, the spare part problem will be eliminated since all of the materials that have reached the end of their technological life are removed from the system. While the service life of modernized tanks will increase by at least 20 years, life cycle costs will also be reduced to the lowest possible level.

Undoubtedly, the most important shortcoming of the Leopard 2NG Modernization package is its active protection system. However, despite the lack of active protection system, laser warning system and additional ballistic protection modules could increase the survivability of Leopard 2A4 tanks and prevent many of our losses in Operation Euphrates Shield and Operation Olive Branch. There is no exact reason why the Leopard 2NG modernization package was not implemented. Likewise, the "Next Generation" package was a project that started with the Aselsan initiative.

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Page last modified: 30-06-2021 12:04:43 ZULU