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ACV-30 Korkut Self-propelled Low Altitude Air Defense Weapon

Korkut [meaning "big hailstone", "stern", and/or "resolute"] is a self-propelled twin barrel 35mm air-defense gun system developed by Aselsan, a Turkish corporation that produces military radios and defense electronic systems. By the end of 2015 the Korkut Self Propelled Anti Air Gun (SPAAG) had successfully completed all tests by destroying stationary and moving targets. The military plans to order an initial 42 weapon systems and 14 command vehicles to be delivered in 2016. A Korkut unit is made up of 3 SPAAGs and a command vehicle. The system has twin 35mm guns that fire air burst ammunition with a range of 4km. The tracked armoured vehicle ACV-30 from the Turkish Company FNSS is fully amphibious.

The M42 Duster will be replaced by a new ASELSAN 35mm Self Propelled Air Defense Gun (Korkut). The Korkut weapon can fire 1,100 rounds per minute and will destroy rockets before they hit the ground. ASELSAN’s Self Propelled Air Defense Gun System is newly designed and developed for effective ground based air defense against modern air threats. The system consists of a team of three 35 mm Gun Systems and one Command Control System that can operate full autonomously. As an effective, reliable and maintainable Air Defense Solution from ASELSAN, the system successfully realizes all the functions of detection, tracking, recognition, identification and destruction of the target.

The KORKUT SSA vehicle is equipped with an unmanned turret, which is armed with two 35mm Oerlikon GDF-003 automatic cannons produced in Turkey by MKEK. The vehicle has the capacity of carrying 400 35mm ammunitions in total, 200 of them (100 for each barrel) within a remotely operated unmanned turret, equipped with automatic ammunition loading system, and 200 of them within the chassis. The system is also equipped with the capability of firing 35mm ATOM air burst ammunition, similar to AHEAD, which is designed and developed by Aselsan in cooperation with TUBITAK-SAGE and produced by MKEK.

The crew includes a gunner, commander and driver who are seated in the chassis of the vehicle. The 35mm guns have a rate of fire of 1,100 rounds per minute. There is also a Ku-Band, 3D Fire Control Radar with a 30km instrumented range and is mounted on the rear top of the turret along with a thermal imager and a day TV camera on the right side. The KKA uses the same chassis, ACV-30, but is equipped with a turret including X-Band, 3D Mobile Search Radar (MAR), that provides fast and accurate detection and tracking of low altitude airborne targets up to a maximum range of 70km.

The ACV-30 platform chassis is provided with a unique, space laminated armor system combining steel and aluminum technology for protection against the firing of small arms and mine blasts. Powered by a 600hp diesel engine, coupled with fully automatic transmission, the 7,07m long, 3,62m overall height and 3,9m wide ACV-30 can reach 65km/h on the road and can swim at 6km/h with 2 water jets. Having a combat weight of 29,5 tons the ACV-30 has a cruising range of 500km.

The new Turkish missile defense system will resemble Israel’s “Iron Dome,” which has proved to be successful against rockets fired by Hamas in the Gaza Strip against Israeli towns. The Turkish system, designed and built by Turks, is designed to intercept and destroy short-range rockets fired from distances of 4 to 70 kilometers. If everything goes as desired, the new system would certainly be effective against IS. The problem of Kathyusha rockets coming from IS will be solved.

The system had been in the development process for the last 18 months and will be in the test phase this week before being deployed to stop IS Katyusha rockets, Turkish Defense Minister Fikri Isik said. “It has not been easy for us to intervene IS’s short-range Katyushas,” said Isik in an interview with CNN Turk, adding the system will “neutralize Katyushas.”

In this project, TAF's air defence capabilities, in order to be able to make effective defence against the development of bulk ammunition can also use the new air defence systems will be strengthened with the barrel. SSA under fire in precisely the target that will enable fire control radar will perform the detection of targets with a three dimensional being developed in accordance with the needs of mobile search radar tactics. This system will increase its power largely in the field of air defense of the TAF.

General characteristics of Armored mechanized troops with joint task execution with 3-d search radar target detection and tracking with the top command and control element of creating Local air official forecast from Top command and control elements engagement official share of orders Advanced threat assessment and gun and get to the top of command of air defense weapons control algorithm Friendly/Unknown Distinction for IFF.

SSA general features Armored mechanized troops Stabilize the joint task execution with the move with the ability to auto-shot ammunition gun Tower and featured Top command and control with use of the element of fire control radar with automatic target Tracker with sensors, electro-optical target detection and tracking with Advanced Air-Defense fire control algorithms.

?The concept of air burst ammunition came up in order to increase the efficiency of the gun systems against air-to-surface missiles, UAV’s, etc. The idea is basically to create a cloud of particles which have high kinetic energy and penetration capability on the path of the threat and be able to hit targets which are very difficult to hit with the classical ammunitions. ASELSAN’s 35 mm Airburst Ammunition is developed in the scope of this concepts and it is highly efficient against small and fast air threats.

The KORKUT Self Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) System project covers the procurement of 42 Weapon System Vehicles (SSA, will replace existing aged M-42A1/A2 Duster Walker systems) and 14 Command and Control Vehicles (KKA) all based on the FNSS ACV-30 Armored Combat Vehicle (ACV) chassis. On June 25, 2011, Aselsan the Main Contractor of the KORKUT SPAAG System Program, awarded a Tracked Carrier Vehicle Development Contract to FNSS for the design, development and production of one Command and Control Vehicle chassis and two Weapon System Vehicle chassis prototypes to be based on the ACV-30 within two years.

After an extensive mobility and firing test campaign that was launched in 2015 and which was carried out with the participation of the SSB and Turkish Land Forces (TLF) representatives, acceptance of these vehicles was carried out on August 24, 2016 and the KORKUT SPAAG prototypes (2x Weapon System Vehicles and 1 Command & Control Vehicle) entered into the service of the TLF. The systems made a strong impression during the ‘Fire at Will 2017’ Operation on October 20, 2017 by achieving direct hits to targeted drones.

Following the successful completion of the prototype development and qualification phase, the KORKUT SPAAG Serial Production Phase, covering the production and delivery of 40 SSAs (Weapon Systems Vehicles) and 13 KKAs (Command and Control Vehicles) was launched with a contract valued at Euro 467,767 Million signed between the SSB and Aselsan in May 2016. Aselsan then signed a contract with FNSS to procure a total of 53 ACV-30 tracked vehicles. In accordance with the contract schedule, FNSS completed delivery of the first batch of ACV-30 chassis during the first half of 2018 to Aselsan, who then converted them into KKA and SSA configurations. Meanwhile MKEK, responsible for 35mm GDF-003 twin guns, completed the manufacture of the first batch of 6 guns to be installed on 3 KORKUT SSAs and carried out acceptance tests at the test range on April 26, 2018.

Delivery and acceptance of the first batch of 1 KORKUT KKA and 3 SSAs that were manufactured under the KORKUT SPAAG Serial Production Phase for the Turkish Land Forces Air Defence School and Training Center Command took place in March 2019. As part of the acceptance test, live firing was performed against a high-speed targeted drone flying at a speed of 200m/s. The second batch is scheduled to be delivered in September 2019. Serial Production and the delivery of 40 KORKUT SSAs and 13 KORKUT KKAs to the TLF will be completed by 2022. Each KORKUT SPAAG Team will consist of 1 KKA and 3 SSAs so that with 42 SSAs and 14 KKAs the Turkish Army will be able to establish 14 KORKUT SPAAG Teams.

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Page last modified: 30-06-2021 12:05:55 ZULU