KV Svalbard, the new coastguard vessel that was recently delivered to the Norwegian Navy, is the first Norwegian arctic coast guard vessel with icebreaking capabilities – it can operate in ice thicknesses of up to 1 meter. It is also the first Norwegian naval vessel to be built to DNV class. Despite the many challenges involved, the deadlines and limits stipulated were met. KV Svalbard was delivered on time, within budget and in compliance with the quality demanded by DNV’s rules. While KV Svalbard is the first Norwegian naval vessel to be built to DNV class, both the Danish and British navies have transferred some of their ships to DNV class.
DNV GL is a global quality assurance and risk management company. DNV GL’s shared roots stretch back to 1864, when Det Norske Veritas (DNV) was founded as a membership organisation in Oslo. Norway’s mutual marine insurance clubs banded together to establish a uniform set of rules and procedures, used in assessing the risk of underwriting individual vessels. The group aimed to provide “reliable and uniform classification and taxation of Norwegian ships”.
DNV said it has gained valuable experience from collaborating with these countries’ navies. This collaboration has also confirmed that the system that has long been used for building and following up civilian vessels can also be applied to military craft, said DNV.
In addition to its hull, marine systems and machinery meeting DNV’s requirements, the ship is capable of carrying out icebreaking operations in Norway’s northernmost areas and has equipment to prevent it from being ice-bound. With its helideck and hangar enabling it to have a helicopter on board, and its ability to carry out fire-fighting operations, this is an advanced ship that has been a challenging job for both DNV in Ålesund and Langsten.
The Coast Guard is Norway's most important authority at sea and the icebreaker KV Svalbard is able to solve missions all the way up to the North Pole. KV Svalbard is the Navy's largest vessel measured in tonnage. KV Svalbard was delivered from Langsten Slip & Båtbyggeri, Norway, in 2001 and is an ice breaking coast guard vessel in the Royal Norwegian Navy. The vessel recieved the Ship of the year award in 2002.
KV Svalbard is specially built for operations in Arctic waters. With ice-boosted hulls, powerful diesel-electric propulsion machinery and deicing systems, the vessel is built to break one meter of ice or over four feet of ice. KV Svalbard normally operates in the waters around Svalbard and performs missions within anna before sufficiency, resource control, search and rescue, oil conservation, diving assistance and tow.
The project of a new icebreaking coast guard vessel in Norway was initiated in the beginning of last decade, in August 1993 by the Royal Norwegian Navy Material Command. The vessel is operating as a multifunction platform and can be operated in several different ways like: Enforcement of Sovereignty; Fishery Inspection; Search and Rescue; Environment Protection; Support Tasks; Research and Expeditions. The vessel is the only specially designed and built for heavy ice operation in the Norwegian Navy and also is the biggest vessel in the entire fleet. During the project phase ice model tests were carried out at the Kvaerner Masa-Yards Arctic Research Centre (MARC) in 1997 and finally, after the delivery of the vessel, full scale ice tests were performed in the Spitsbergen area in May 2002.
Full scale testing revealed that in severe ice conditions the performance is better when running astern than running ahead. The vessel is capable to operate according to the Double Acting principle, which means that in the most severe ice conditions the performance is better when running astern than running ahead. In this way the performance in ice free water when running ahead has not suffered too much like it is the case with a conventional icebreaking vessel. The conclusion after completed testing is that KV Svalbard fulfils the marks of the Double Acting Principle.
Located between 10º and 35º East and between 74º and 81º North, the archipelago of Svalbard is the northernmost part of Norway. Once imagined as the jewel of Norway’s Arctic possessions, the archipelago of Svalbard was recognized as Norwegian by the Svalbard Treaty of 1920. However, the treaty subjected the recognition of Norway’s sovereignty to stipulations. These stipulations have given rise to several disputes involving the Norwegian government on the one hand, and companies operating on Svalbard and parties to the treaty on the other. By allowing oil exploration on Svalbard, the Norwegian Ministry of Industry opened what seemed to be a Pandora’s Box: as the American company, Caltex, had been conferred claims, it seemed impossible to stop Soviet companies from setting up on the archipelago. In addition, through a complex web of jurisprudential argumentation, Caltex challenged the very nature of Norway’s sovereignty over Svalbard.
There is some confusion over the terms Spitsbergen and Svalbard. In Norwegian usage (since 1969) the name Spitsbergen applies only to the largest island in the archipelago. Until 1969 this was called Vestspitsbergen (Western Spitsbergen). Svalbard is the name of the whole of the archipelago as defined by the Treaty of 1920, including the distant Bear Island which is located approximately halfway between Spitsbergen and the North Cape. In this respect Norwegian usage is in accordance with the letter of the Treaty. The important point to bear in mind is that the term Svalbard, in Norwegian usage and according to the Treaty, covers all islands within the area defined by the Treaty. English speakers tend to prefer the term Spitsbergen to the unfamiliar Svalbard. Russian usage is different. "Shpitsbergen" (old name "Grumant") is used in Russian to denote the "main" archipelago, while Bear Island (Ostrov medvezhii) is normally listed as a separate entity.
In Svalbard's territorial waters of twelve nautical miles, all parties have equal rights to fishing. Outside the territorial waters, Norway claims a fishing zone where Norwegians have control and the right to fish. This is controversial, including the refusal of Russia to recognize it. This has led to several situations where the Coast Guard has raised foreign fishing vessels. Nevertheless, the foreign sailors are happy to have the Coast Guard nearby.
In 2014 the Coast Guard provided 381 warnings, and 31 times the inspectors revealed a violation that ended with notification. KV Svalbard has revealed many of the fractures, and it can sometimes create high temperatures - even at higher levels.
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