Italy - Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte
Largely unknown law professor Giuseppe Conte was chosen 21 May 2018 by a far-right coalition of the 5-Star Movement (M5S) and League to lead Italy's government. The 54-year-old, who is closely associated with M5S, has never been elected to parliament and is a relative newcomer to Italy's political scene. Conte first entered the spotlight ahead of the March 4 election, when his name was put forward by M5S as a possible Minister of Public Administration in charge of cleaning up Italy's notoriously complex bureaucracy. He had been quoted as saying that he used to vote for the left, but that "the ideologies of the 20th century are no longer adequate (for 21st century politics)."
Giuseppe Conte was born in Volturara Appula (FG) on August 8, 1964. After graduating from classical maturity, he graduated from high school in Law at the University of Rome (1988), with a vote of 110 and praise/110. After graduation he began to carry out scientific research, as a fan of the referring to the chairs of Private Law (before) and Civil Law (after) of Professor Giovanni Battista Ferri, at the Faculty of Law of the University "La Sapienza". He was a fellow at the National Research Council (CNR) in 1992-93 and, between 1992 and 2014, carried out several study stays abroad, conducting legal research at various universities, including: Yale University (New Haven), UniversitÚ Sorbonne (Paris), New York University (New York), Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (London). In the academic year 1997-1998 he won the competition as a researcher of private law Faculty of Law at the University of Florence. In 2000 he was qualified as an associate professor of private law; two years more later he obtained his suitability as an ordinary professor of private law.
From 2001 until 2018 he was the chair of Private Law I and Private Law II Faculty of Law (now Department of Legal Sciences) of the University of Florence. He has taught at various universities, including: University of Rome Lumsa (Additional courses of Private law); University of Rome Three (Additional Courses of Private Law); University of Sassari (Private Law and Civil Law); "Luiss" University of Rome (Private Law); University "San Pio V" in Rome (Commercial Law). He worked as a lawyer in civil and commercial law, extensive arbitrage experience as well.
In the three years 2012-2015 he was a member of the Banking and Financial Referee (College of Naples) on the designation of the Bank of Italy. In 2013 and until March 2018 he was a member of the Presidential Council of Justice Administrative, on the designation of the Chamber of Deputies. He has been a member of various study committees; He is a member of various associations scientific, Italian and foreign societies; Is a member of the management committee and the scientific committee of various legal, Italian and foreign journals.
For weeks after General Election on 04 March 2018, the League's Matteo Salvini and Luigi Di Maio from the 5-Star Movement (M5S) had been wrestling their way to a coalition deal, with sticking points including, above all, who would get which posts in a potential government. Both men wanted to be prime minister, so now they have privately agreed on another person to serve as a figurehead to oversee the implementation of the policy program. Salvini, notorious for making xenophobic remarks, would head up the Interior Ministry, meaning he would be responsible for immigration and asylum policy.
Giuseppe Conte, a little-known law professor with no political experience, was picked by the League and 5-Star Movement (M5S) as their candidate for prime minister. He was forced to temporarily give up his leadership bid after the parties' cabinet selection was initially blocked. However, after the two parties struck a deal with President Sergio Mattarella, Conte was eventually sworn in on 01 June 2018. After months of negotiations, Italy finally had a government with Giuseppe Conte at the helm. Conte's swearing in ended weeks of turmoil that rocked financial markets, but concerns among Italy's EU partners remain.
On 28 August 2019 Italy's populist 5-Star Movement (M5S) and the center-left Democratic Party (PD) put aside their traditional differences to form a new government and prevent new elections. 5-Star (M5S) said the coalition would be led by Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, who had resigned following the collapse of the coalition government between M5S and the far-right League earlier this month. "Today we told the president of the republic that there is a political agreement with the Democratic Party that Giuseppe Conte may be again given a mandate as prime minister," M5S leader Luigi Di Maio said. Had the PD and M5S been unable to form a solid majority, the president would likely have called an early election for November. Salvini, who triggered the crisis on 08 August 2019 when he withdrew his party from the governing coalition with M5S, said the new set-up was fragile and unlikely to last.
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