Hürkus - Turkish Primary and Basic Training Aircraft
Manufactured by the TAI, the Hürkus can fly up to a speed of 574 kilometers an hour. It has a maximum stall speed of 143 kilometers an hour in landing configuration. The maximum service ceiling of the jet is 10,577 kilometers. The Hürkus jet can fly at 15,000 feet for a stretch of four hours and 15 minutes and has a 1,600-horsepower engine. The aircraft also has a system for producing oxygen for pilots while flying. The aircraft takes its name from Vecihi Hürkus, one of the first civil aviators of the Turkish republican era.
Development Program contract was signed between the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries and TAI in March 2006. HÜRKUS with day and night mission capability; instrument flight, navigation and formation training phases were realized. Under the vision of becoming a "World Brand Aerospace Company" with indigenous products and global competitive power and holding the mission "to lead the development of Turkey's aeropsace industry", TAI aims to leas Turkey to new horizons in aviation in the 21st century. Being Turkey's center of technology in design, development, modernization, manufacturing, integration and life cycle support of integrated aerospace systems, from fixed and rotary wing air platforms to unmanned aerial vehicle and space systems, Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI), was awarded by EASA with the "Design Organization Certificate" for her Trainer Aircraft "HÜRKUS" in July 2012.
TAI applied EASA in 2007 for Design Organization Certification, which certifies that the aircraft design process was performed within the approved regulations and standards. Since then, TAI has successfully passed all the audits that were performed by the specialists of the European and Turkish Authorities, EASA and SHGM, and was awarded with the privilege to design an aircraft complying with international safety regulations. This authorization is the first of its kind that has been awarded to Turkey. The Certificate confirms that TAI complies with the international standards starting from concept phase to the flight tests till the type certification. All approved regulations and standards will form the basis for TAI's future development programs such as Regional Jet or Fighter Jets.
The assembly and manufacturing of Turkish Primary and Basic Trainer Aircraft "HÜRKUS", which was designed by TAI's engineers to meet the training requirements of Turkish Air Force, was completed and HÜRKUS was rolled out on June 27, 2012 at a ceremony held at TAI's Kazan premises. Many distinguished military and civilian officials, among whom were the Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Chief of General Staff Gen. Necdet Özel, Cabinet Members, Force Commanders and the family of Vecihi Hürkus honored the ceremony.
Hürkus, the first domestic basic trainer and ground attack aircraft for the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK), will be put into service in June 2013, Turkish Aerospace Industries Inc. (TAI) General Director Muharrem Dörtkasli told the press on 21 March 2013. Dörtkasli said all sorts of tests, including those covering the engine, takeoff, night flight and the fuel system, have been performed and that the Hürkus was almost ready to operate.
Turkish Basic Trainer Aircraft "HÜRKUS" successfully realized its maiden flight on August 29, 2013 at TAI's premises in Ankara, Kazan. HÜRKUS Flight Test process kicked off with the permission of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation. The flight test period will be completed with the Type Certificate* which will be issued after completion of the test both by DGCA and EASA. Following the engine start at 07:30 am, HÜRKUS, which took off at 07:35 am, completed its maiden flight with gears extended. During the flight, HÜRKUS climbed 9500 ft and completed with the control of flight surfaces. HÜRKUS has successfully landed after a 33-minute test flight.
Hürkus, the training plane designed by Turkish Aerospace Industries Inc. (TUSAS) was to be added to the inventory by the end of 2015.
|Seating configuration||Stepped tandem|
|0/0 Ejection seat||Yes|
|Maximum Speed||310 KCAS (574 km/h)|
|Cruise Speed||250 kts|
|Stall Speed (landing configuration)||77 KCAS (143 km/h)|
|G Limits||+7g / -3.5 g|
|Climb||15000 ft in 5 min|
|Maximum rate of Climb (@ sea level)||4370 ft/min (22 m/s)|
|Service Ceiling||34700 ft (10577 m)|
|Maximum Endurance (@15,000 ft)||4 h 15 min|
|Maximum Range (@15,000 ft)||798 n mile (1478 km)|
|Total Take-Off Distance (@ sea level)||1605 ft (489 m)|
|Total Landing Distance (@ sea level)||1945 ft (593 m)|
|g limits||+7 / -3,5g|
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|