Hungarian Defense Forces - Uniforms
Traditional Hungarian military had Turkish and South Slav influence in the 18th century. It was developed in the second half of the century. In hussars, and in almost every country, hussars started to form uniforms similar to Hungarian traditional military clothes (knitwear, corsets, corsets, tight pants, and arched bullshit boots). Apart from the Hussars, however, the Hungarian-style uniform was not developed for a long time. n the middle of the nineteenth century, the bourgeois fashion became the old nobleman's clothing, so the traditional knee-socks were stockings and trousers, and the longer dresses appeared in the army. The demand for a typical Hungarian uniform appeared, as it has been repeated that the regiments of the Imperial and the Hungarian side were simply mixed up in the battlefield.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the Hussars had hussar uniforms, the Ululians, and the Gendarmes were wearing their own uniforms. They have been drawn from a variety of traditions - for example, the Ulans have modeled their uniforms on the Polish army's clothing.
Writers always mention the Anglo-Boer war and the Russian-Japanese war when strategists have come to the conclusion that a uniform is needed that is less noticeable. Until then, the color of the clothes had several components: the blue was popular because it was painted with indigo, and the red clothes were made of zirconix. When the continental crust was introduced during the Napoleonic wars, they could not import the blue indigo from India, so there was no blue material. That is why the French infantry gentlemen were transferred to white for a while, until they again failed to make blue material. These colors were also important because in the period of hand-driven battles there was no other way to communicate, they had to recognize their own armies. He also contributed to the use of smoky shoots at that time, so there was great smoke in the battlefields. As a result of the change, colorful and fancied uniforms disappeared, replaced by a hideous uniform. World War II changed enormously the exterior of soldiers: almost every ornament disappeared, and the total war simplified the uniform to the extreme.
After the war, the reorganizing Defense Forces changed their uniform again. Though it was not economically feasible, however, the military leadership realized that a modern, new system of equations should be introduced to create a new image for the Democratic Defense Forces. After World War II, the field colors were in the background. The new garment was partly in keeping with the flying-uniform traditions of the Horthy era and referred to the Anglo-Saxon relations of political leadership. In 1949, a new uniform was introduced, which was similar to the Soviet pattern: the jackets became closed again - the tunic was too civilized - the plate size was smaller and the shoulders were wider. Kossuth's coat-of-arms were replaced by the new coat of arms of the People's Republic, the Rákosi Coat of Arms, and the six-pointed rank marks were replaced by five-pointed.
In 1956, Soviet-type shoulders were thrown away as did the Rákosi coat of arms and for a while they were wearing a transitional uniform. In the Kádár era there was a compromise: the military uniforms were worn with a plate cap and the shoulders were back. The picture of the rank was similar to that of the Monarchy (yet it was decorated with five-pointed stars).
The distinctive Hungarian army "bocskai" cap [Bocskai sapka] is named afte the Crown of Stephen Bocskai, given by the Ottoman sultan to Stephen Bocskai, Prince of Hungary and Transylvania, in the early 17th century. Bocskai: standard hat of the Army which was used by some members - mainly ground service - of the Air Force too. The hat could be worn as a winter hat too covering the ears, and had an eye-shade too. Bocskai caps came out in "field brown", white and green colors. White and green colored ones were made of twill and were used during summer drills and works.
All this was modernized throughout the Kádár period: the colors of the Armed Forces disappeared, the typical green exercise gown appeared in the sixties, various forms of officers' clothing were formed, and the women's uniform appeared. The Bocskai caps that appeared in the days of the Revolution were abolished in 1958, and the new uniform was pulled again by the soldiers on their heads. The horseshoe became oval, and the red star was again visible in the national center. This cap huntshed on soldiers' caps until the fall of the system. In 1960, cotton clothes were introduced.
In 1990, specialists developed different garments, these were exhibited in the Military History Museum, where it was possible to vote and the answers were aggregated. The new garment has returned to tradition since the black pants existed even in the monarchy and in the Horthy era, but was later abolished as a fascist ransom. They also returned the curved pocket cover, and the open collar remained. The jacket cuts were still in place, the poles were placed on the collar and a hat of the plate was introduced, the officers were given a Bocskai cap.
The field color served to hide the wearer. There is no need for this today: soldiers are now operating in urban environments. Field color is now more of a national affiliation. Apparently no difference, but the expert eye recognizes the different nationalities, of course, they are combined with the corresponding additional badges. All uniforms have climatic features: there is a separate desert uniform, and now the latest trend since the turn of the millennium is the digital plot pattern designed with a computer.
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