Marine Nationale - Modernization
According to the 2013 White Paper, Naval forces will contribute to nuclear deterrence using both the nuclear naval air force and the permanence of patrols by ballistic missile submarines. They will be also tailored for high-intensity or major crisis operations thanks to first rate, versatile, combat capabilities, with accurate and powerful fire, and able to be integrated without difficulty into multinational structures, with the ability to take charge.
They will be centered around the aircraft carrier, nuclear-powered attack submarines, powerprojection and command vessels, air defense frigates and multi-mission frigates. These will be supplemented by less powerful combat units, to prevent the premature use of heavy combat forces's potential, and to preserve an adequate number means for at-sea presence.
Naval forces will also consist of light units suitable for the control of maritime spaces, both near our coasts and overseas: surveillance frigates, patrol boats, support vessels. Naval forces will thus consist of 4 ballistic missile submarines, 6 nuclear attack submarines, 1 aircraft carrier, 15 frigates of first order [ fregates de premier rang], 15 or so patrol boats, 6 surveillance frigates [fregates de surveillance, the Floreal class], 3 command and control vessels, maritime patrol aircraft, as well as mine-warfare-capable aircraft adapted to the protection of approaches and to overseas operation deployment.
Jean-Yves Le Drian became one of the government's key ministers, in a context of fighting terrorism on French soil but also abroad, with multiple military operations. After his victory in the presidential election in 2012, François Hollande entrusted him with the French Ministry of Defense. Government of Jean-Marc Ayrault. He retained this post in the government of Manuel Valls after 2014. He confronted the the Ministry of Finance, situated in Bercy, in the 12th arrondissement of Paris. Since the beginning of his term of office, Bercy had been under constant pressure.
- Abandoning the PA2 in 2012, including the decision to drop or launch was already delayed in 2007 to 2011 (1) by Hervé Morin, then to 2012 by Gérard Longuet.
- Abandonment in 2012 of a 4th PCB, the optional order of which accompanied that of the current Dixmude, both envisaged in 2009 under the "recovery plan". This order of 2 additional PCBs was accompanied by the resale (in 2011 and 2015 ...) of the 2 TCD class Lightning.
- New carryover of 3 additional years of the delivery of all the SNA class Suffren of the Barracuda program which was already 3 years behind schedule.
- Abandonment of the two missile anti-aircraft frigates (2) in favor of 2 FREMM-DA ("Air Defense").
- The FREMM-DA are only conventional FREMMs equipped with the same "Herakles" multifunction radar, the use of which is limited to short and medium range missiles (respectively MICA VL and Aster 15 for French products). The FREMM-DA are ersatz anti-air frigates.
- The FREMM-ER (or "Extended Range" ...) are available with the "Sea Fire 500", which is a multifunction radar with 4 fixed panels (and fully digital antennas), in addition to Aster 30 missiles. Genuine anti-aircraft frigates that may have equivalent capabilities to FDA Horizon.
- Extension beyond the LPM 2014/2019, the important FLOTLOG (FLOTte Logistics) programs for tanker tankers and BATSIMAR (Sovereignty and Maritime Response BATies) for a group of deep-sea and coastal patrol vessels.
- Reduction of the logistics fleet, which increased from 5 to 4 units in 1999, to 3 units in 2015. A 3-unit format that will be the probable number of future FLOTLOGs if the navy permanently abandons the possibility of a Second aircraft carrier.
- Reduction of the PATMAR fleet (PATrouille MARitime aircraft) with the modernization of 15 "Atlantique 2", of the 22 aligned by the Naval Aviation. A renovation notified in 2013 that did not see its first deliveries in 2018.
- Reduction in the number of FREMMs, which has already been reduced from 17 to 11 units in 2009, from 11 to 8 units in 2015 (6 FREMM ASM + 2 FREMM-DA).
- Reduction in the number of 2nd rank frigates, particularly dedicated to sovereignty and presence missions in French ultramarine EEZs. These second-rank frigates, which have gone from 11 units to 6 units, with the reclassification of FLFs now referred to as "1st rank frigates" and called to be reoriented for other ASM Escort missions.
- Nominal increase in the number of 1st rank frigates from 12 units in 2012 (2 FDA, 2 FAA70, 7 FASM70, 1 FASM67 ...) to 15 units (2 FDA, 2 FAA70, 5 FASM70, 1 FREMM ASM and 5 FLF) in 2015. The 15 frigates as recommended, not by the "Model of Armies 2015" of 1997 but by the "White Paper" 2013. In fact, FLFs remain concretely 2nd rank frigates beyond the semantic contours of JYLD, especially since they will not even receive their complete armament as provided by their architectural and structural definition. These ships will simply receive a bow with sonar also referred program for financing by the next LPM 2019/2024.
However, programs are being implemented:
- Apart from the several minor programs, the second ATM (3) of the Charles de Gaulle postponed to February 2017 and completed in June 2018, will remain the major program of the naval policy of JYLD. On the naval level, it is the program that, with 1.3 billion euros (higher than the cost of 3 FREMM that JYLD refused to finance ...) will have received the largest budget allocation from 2012 to 2017 ...
- SURMAR program (MARINE SURVEILLANCE aircraft) 4 Falcon 50M became "Falcon 50MS".
- PLG program (Guyanese light patrol boats) class Confiance with 2 units (700 toc), scheduled to be delivered in 2016 and 2017.
- B2M program (Multi-Missions Vessel) for 4 D'Entrecasteaux (2300 toc) "supply vessel" vessels, to be delivered between 2016 and 2017 knowing that the 4th has been confirmed by chance ...) by the updating of the LPM.
- Program B3M (Multi-Mutualized Shipbuilding) also known as NLP (Polar Logistics Ship) is an icebreaker ship (+/- 3000 tpc to be confirmed ...) to replace Astrolabe and Albatros before summer 2017
- BSAH program for tugs (2700 tpc) derived from B2M, 4 of which are planned (8 were tied to the program but 4 were converted to B2M) . 2 BSAH are subject to the control of an initial firm order expected to be delivered in 2018. The other 2, a second tranche to be confirmed, could be delivered in 2019.
The B2M and BSAH programs are ships from a common base, as could the B3M. And of 11 new ships ordered, with or without its joint venture "Kership" with DCNS, it is the shipyard Piriou of Concarneau which with 9 ships ordered, takes the placing of the naval programs launched by JYLD. If one counts the ATM of the CdG and the 2 PLG, 100% of these programs are realized in the Brittany region.
On 23 October 2018 at the Euronaval trade show, French Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly said that "The first 4 Barracuda nuclear attack submarines will be delivered and the last 2 ordered during the LPM period. They will replace the Ruby-type submarines and make our submarine component one of the most powerful in the world. They will allow us to broaden the scope of the MdCN missile. Lastly, they will offer us increased capacities for the deployment of our special forces.
"Our frigates will be renewed. The last three FREMMs will be delivered by 2022. The first two intermediate frigates, the FTIs, will be delivered during the LPM and the next three ordered. These deliveries will be completed by those of three light frigates of the Lafayette type, which will be the subject of a renovation program to optimize and prolong its use.
"The Atlantic 2 maritime patrol aircraft will be modernized in depth and will be both more operational and more numerous, since we will renovate 18 instead of the 15 planned in the previous LPM. Seven maritime surveillance aircraft will be ordered in 2020, six new in 2025 and a total of three will be delivered over the LPM period.
"We will face the issue of mines and maritime FDI. A new program, the Mine Countermeasures System of the Future will be launched. It will be more efficient, more efficient and will be based on a buoyant building embodying surface drones and underwater drones. Over the period of the LPM, we will order and deliver 4 drone systems, including preparatory work in cooperation with the United Kingdom, as well as 2 mine warfare vessels and 3 deminer-based vessels.
"Our navy needs, too, patrol boats. It is an indispensable component to uphold our sovereignty in the 10 million square kilometers of our EEZ, an indispensable component for the safety of our overseas territories. So, we react. The number of patrollers will be increased from 17 to 19, including 11 new generation patrol boats that will be delivered by 2025 against 4 initially planned. They will usefully complement the B2M and BSAH whose deployment will end in 2019 with the delivery of the last three vessels."
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