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Catalonia - Geography

Catalonia FlagCatalonia is located in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory covers 32.000km2, with 7,508,106 people registered inhabitants as of 1 January 2015, of which 1,028,069 are foreigners. It is bordered to the north by France and Andorra, to the west by Aragon, to the south by the province of Valencia, and to the east by the Mediterranean Sea.

In addition to almost 580 kilometers of coastline, Catalonia had extensive mountainous areas, such as the Pyrenees, the Pyrenean foothills, the Transversal range and the central depression. The region of Catalonia is divided into four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona, and seven jurisdictions: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, Camp de Tarragona, Catalonia Central, Terres de lEbre and lAlt Pirineu and Aran. The capital of Catalonia is the city of Barcelona, and the national holiday, or Diada, is on 11 September.

The four Spanish provinces in the northeast corner of the Iberian Peninsula constitute the principal homeland of the Catalans. The Catalan autonomous community covers about 6.5 percent of Spain's total peninsular land area. The region consists of the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lerida, and Tarragona. Elsewhere in Spain, there were also significant Catalan-speaking populations in the Balearic Islands, along the east coast to the south of Valencia, and as far west as the eastern part of the Aragonese province of Huesca. Outside Spain, the principal Catalan populations were found in France, at the eastern end of the Pyrenees, and in Andorra.

Catalonia is a coastal Mediterranean location in Southern Europe. With excellent transportation systems, it is the ideal crossroads between Europe, Latin America, North Africa, Asia and The Middle East. Its capital, Barcelona, is one of the few cities in Southern Europe with full-modal transport integration (sea, airport, motorways, railways) within a 12-kilometre radius, each with global connectivity.







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