Netherlands - Boxer Pantserwielvoertuig
Stealth design, great mobility, modern surveillance devices, optimum protection and a very effective armament are key elements in critical situations. In all of these disciplines the BOXER Armoured Transport Vehicle (ATV) / “Groot Pantserwielvoertuig” (PWV) "Large Armoured Wheeled Vehicle" is superior to other vehicles of its class. It is of modular construction and with its Section Transport Module (STM) can carry eight infantry soldiers into action. It has a FLW 200 weapons station for self defence. Each vehicle consists of two parts: a standardized 'driver module (moving part, the chassis) and the subsequent mission-specific module (building on the moving part). The mission module varies Boxer version. The Boxer has a high mobility, large load volume and payload and it provides good ballistic protection to the occupants of the vehicle.
The Netherlands and Germany jointly developed the Boxer and bought it together. The Netherlands MInister of Defense explained in the General debate of 28 June 2006 that the procurement preparation of the project "Large Wielvoertuig armor "(PWV) would be continued with without further competition. It was still necessary for the cabinet in the Netherlands take a decision on the acquisition of the Boxer. Germany, subject to parliamentary approval, signed a contract in 2006 for the implementation of the Boxer-project. The cooperation with Germany was of great important because price advantages are achieved by scaling and interoperability with German units.
The PWV was intended to replace the M577 vehicles and part of the YPR fleet for support functions in the field of transport, cargo transport, ambulance, engineer and command in the Royal Netherlands Army. The PWV as a support vehicle assigned to units in front line or immediately followed occur, but in principle therew would be no direct combat contact with enemy vehicles. The PWV serves a relatively large loading volume and load weight, a good ballistic protection and high mobility.
There was a need for a total of 200 vehicles for tasks in recent years have demonstrated in five types: transport, command vehicle, cargo vehicle, a ngineer vehicle and a freight version with command (Cargo C2). The project included in addition to the acquisition and introduction of 200 vehicles also the acquisition of training resources and the necessary logistical support including technical documentation, special tools, test equipment and spare parts.
The cooperation between Germany and Netherlands was recorded in an addition to the Memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the development phase that all agreed. Supported by Germany and Netherlands has OCCAR contract negotiations with the consortium Artec, in which German firms Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) and Rheinmetall Landsysteme (RLS) are represented, as well as the Dutch company Stork, that for the Dutch industry occurs as lead industry. The final contract was closed between OCCAR and Artec. The relevant parties reached agreement on the MoU on 02 October 2006, subject to parliamentary approval.
On the basis of the concept contract will the supply of the series to Netherlands from the first half of 2011 beginning and ending in 2016. Starting in 2009 the first vehicles would be delivered to Germany. It was expected that possible teething problems of the common base vehicle would resolved before the series production for Dutch vehicles starts. Introduction to the Netherlands operating unitss between 2012 and 2017 to replace the M577 and YPR-vehicles.
After the qualification tests for reliability, durability and maintainability, the maintenance concept would be based on a validated lifetime cost analysis be adopted. On the basis of the maintenance concept would be the maintenance organization. In addition, the composition of the package spare parts would be updated. This phase was expected to be in 2008 complete, allowing plenty of time remains for the production of the than specified spare parts and the establishment and training of the maintenance organization. For higher maintenance will include a range finding study be conducted on the possibilities of the reorganized Central Mechanical workshop (MCW).
The project budget for the series production of the Boxer was € 130 million, increased to € 634 million (2006 price level, incl 19% VAT). The 2006 state of affairs there was a sufficient budget of € 624 million because a windfall of € 3 million on the contract value. In addition, moving insight led the other costs can be reduced with € 7 million. The budget increase to € 624 million was captured by the project budget for 'Patria' (€ 120 million) for Replacement. The contract with Artec for the delivery of 200 vehicles represented a value of € 592 million. The remaining amount of € 32 million was for the cost on the project management by OCCAR, special tools and test equipment, as well as a post for unforeseen expenses. On the basis of information provided by the industry were the running costs of the Boxer for 200 vehicles over the lifetime of 30 years estimated at around € 1,125 million (excl VAT). In the past period this forecast is validated.
The base vehicle of the Boxer was for both countries equally. This standardization offers possibilities for further cooperation, including in the field of the training of drivers and maintenance personnel. Scale is also possible on the acquisition of spare parts and the repair of defective components. Acquisition of the Boxer by lead customers as Germany and Netherlands was seen as a good starting position for the industry to sell the Boxer to other countries.
During the trials of common base vehicle in 2005, a number of deficiencies required technical adjustments. In the field of durability and reliability works the industry needed improvements. After this the system adjustments on the relevant parts was again tried. Furthermore, there ware still developments going on at the specific Dutch modules and the 'Remotely Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS)'. The trials of this have yet to commence by 2006. There was a limited technical risk acknowledged that during the tests will show that the Boxer had less performance than contracted.
The Royal Netherlands Army eventually had about 200 Boxer armored vehicles in five different versions. The Boxer is a German-Dutch multirole armoured fighting vehicle designed to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. It is produced by the ARTEC GmbH (ARmoured vehicle TEChnology) industrial group, and the programme is being managed by OCCAR (Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation). ARTEC GmbH is seated in Munich, its parent companies are Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall on the German side, and Rheinmetall Nederland for the Netherlands. Other names are GTK (Gepanzertes Transport Kraftfahrzeug; armored transport vehicle) Boxer and MRAV for Multirole Armoured Vehicle.
A striking feature of this rugged terrain and skillful vehicle is the modular system. The vehicle consists of two parts: a base portion, the driver part and the chassis, the moving part and showing a specific structure is placed. This so-called mission-module determines the execution.
The Boxer has a large load volume and payload, while its occupants good protection against projectiles such as grenades, improvised explosive devices and machine gun ammunition and bomb fragments. The wheeled vehicle replaces gradually since 2014, the various versions YPR armored vehicles and M-577 tracked armored command vehicles.
With the exception of unarmed Boxer ambulance, the armament consists of the Boxer from a remote controlled weapon system. This means that the shooter does not longer sits behind the weapon, but protected in the vehicle. He operates the weapon with the aid of a display screen, and joystick.
Features five versions:
- 36 x Boxer command post [Crew: 7; One commander, one shooter and one driver and vehicle crew, in addition, three staff officers, one staff assistant (at the site of the commander)] The vehicle offers space for one extra person. The command post version is designed for command and control and is used in the combat battalions. The wheeled vehicle has up to four workstations that are connected by a local area network of military communication and information systems.
- 52 x Boxer ambulance [Crew: 10; One driver, one commander and one medical attendant as vehicle crew]. The Boxer-ambulance is equipped for transporting wounded. There is room for three lying or seven seated patients, or a combination of two horizontal and three seated patients, or one horizontal and four seated patients.
- 92 x Boxer Engineer [Crew: 9; First commander of the engineers group, one driver, one deputy commander, gunner 1 and 5 members of the enigineer group]
- 12 x Boxer cargo [Crew: 2; 1 commander / gunner and one driver] The Boxer cargo is equipped for freight transport. On the special floor, the cargo can be secured efficiently and safely.
- 8 x Boxer vehicle driver trainer [Boxer lesvoertuig] Crew: 4, 1 director (student), one driving instructor and two students. New drivers are trained with the driving instruction. The driver (student) sitting on the driver's seat. The lessons module, a building with large windows, sit the driving instructor and possibly two other students. The students learn when they do not drive themselves as the driver.
In 2014, 13 Medical Company in Oirschot was made available with the Boxer ambulance. In 2015 introduced the Boxer-Engineer. The driving instruction was first deployed in 2013. The other two versions followed in phases.
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