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Pegaso BMR-600

The BMR-600 (Blindado Medio de Ruedas) is a six-wheeled light armored vehicle manufactured in Spain under French license. At the beginning of the seventies of the 20th century, Spain, after consolidating the economic and social achievements made after the hardness of the post-war period, faced spending on armaments which until then had been left aside for the benefit of other sectors of the national economy. Io 1972 the Spanish Army fixed the tactical and technical requirements for a wheeled armored vehicle for the transport and movement of a squad of infantry to and in the zone battle.

In the early 1970s, in accordance with the specifications of the military Department of Spain company developed the armored vehicle ENASA Pegaso 3500 with 6x6 wheel drive, which later received the designation of BMR-600.

Designed by the Commission of Development of Armored Vehicles, the Army, and the Direction of Projects of ENASA, the prototype the Pegaso BMR-600 was evaluated over four years and entered production in 1979, with versions for personnel, mortar carriers of 81 and 120 mm, recovery-repair and ambulance. On the other hand, the Army made those of transmissions of the Mount Olympus system and combat engineers BMR-VCZ.

The result was a vehicle of high versatility trained to embark a wide range of weaponry, with amphibious capability, automatic gearbox and its six independent suspension wheels. The BMR has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Egypt and employed effectively in real situation as much by the Saud forces during the campaign of Kuwait of 1991 ande by the Spanish troops in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Albania. The BMR-600 is in service in Spain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Peru.

The BMR-600 infantry fighting vehicle chassis is of welded aluminium armor. The driver's seat is on the left in the front of the hull, and behind it the gunner-radio operator sits, to the right of the power pack compartment. In the back of the machine is the troop compartment, which accommodates up to 10 fully equipped infantrymen, who enter and exit via the stern ramp. On the hull of the BMR-600 is a circular rotating turret, mounted on the roof with a 12.7 mm machine gun. The BMR-600 infantry fighting vehicle has the ability to overcome water obstacles afloat due to the rotation of the wheels. On request it can be mounted two jet engines providing movement on water at a speed of 10 km/h. The Spanish Army modernizing it with a new motor, additional plates of armor, and a system of bacteriological and chemical defense. On 29 May 1994 the program of modernization of 646 units was approved, jointly executed by Santa Barbara Armor and the Park and Center of Maintenance of System Cover with armor (PCMSA. The updates also include a new system of fuel supply, adjustable height steering, fire-fighting and antiexplosion system.

Today produced by the Santa Brbaracompany, model was improved from 2004 replacing the Pegasus by a Scaniaengine, increasing vehicle protection and modernizing the TC-3Tower, which initially had a 7'62 mm machine gun and it currently has a heavy machine gun.

Pegaso VEC-M1 / VEC 3562 / BMR-625 VEC (Vehiculo de Exploracion de Caballeria)

The VEC (Vehiculo de Exploracion de Caballeria), or cavalry scout vehicle, was designed by the Pegaso company to meet the requirements of the Spanish Army and shares many common components with the BMR-600 (6x6) infantry fighting vehicle. The VEC is also known as the VEC 3562. The first of five prototypes was completed in 1977-78. Total production of the VEC vehicle amounted to about 340 vehicles [other sources report a total demand of 235 vehicles], all for the Spanish Army as there were no known exports of the vehicle. The BMR-625 VEC aka Pegaso 3562, the vehicle was modified in the late 1990s and is now designated the VEC-M1. It has served with Spanish Forces (who are the only operators) during peace keeping/security in the Balkans, Iraq and Lebanon with no known losses.

The driver sits at the front center, the two-seat turret is placed at the center of the hull of the vehicle (it is a turret Italian OTOBREDA T25 built under license in Spain), the engine is positioned at the rear of the turret on the left side. It is currently powered by a 315 hp Scania DS9 diesel 6 cylinder engine, disposed in the rear right side of the hull, which replaced the original Pegaso 306 hp engine. The turret is in the center of the vehicle, between the first and second axles. A variety of turret installations can be fitted including the same turret as fitted to the Italian FIAT - Otobreda Type 6616 (4 x 4) armoured car which is fully described earlier in this section. A variety of other weapon stations ranging from 7.62,12.7,20 up to 90 mm in calibre can be installed.

The vehicle can carry a crew of 4, two infantrymen in a compartment at the rear of the turret and 2 crew members at the front in the turret. The T25 turret is fully automatic and can move in azimuth over 360 , weapons can move in elevation from -10 to +50. The Spanish name for the turret T25 is CETME TC-15/M242. The 25 mm gun, is an American model M242 Bushmaster from Boeing Company, which is also installed on the M2/M3 Bradley used by the US Army. The vehicle features a lightweight aluminum shield. The VEC is fully amphibious, it is propelled in the water thanks to its wheels, a water jet can be installed as an option. The vehicle may be equipped with an NBC protection system, night vision system, fire protection, navigation system system.





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