Bayraktar TB2 Tactical Armed / UAV System
The Bayraktar Tactical Block 2 (TB2) is a Tactical Armed / UAV System, developed and manufactured by Baykar. Bayraktar TB2, which can carry 4 MAM-L and MAM-C missiles produced by Roketsan on its wings, has the ability to perform precise targeting with its built-in laser target marker. While the Turkish Armed Forces describes Bayraktar as "Tactical UAV Class" to prevent it from being a competitor to the TAI Anka UAV, international standards would classify it as a medium-altitude long-endurance UAV. With its 650 kg MTOW and 12 meters wingspan platform powered by an internal combustion engine, Bayraktar is capable of flying at 22,500 feet and loitering for more than 24 hours.
A highly sophisticated design that provides all solutions that operator may need in one integrated system. The system consists of Bayraktar TB2 Armed / UAV Platform, Ground Control Station, Ground Data Terminal, Remote Display Terminal, Advanced Base with Generator and Trailer modules. Thanks to Baykar's technological accumulation and capabilities, the entire system is produced indigenously.
Bayraktar TB2 is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE), Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle capable to conduct Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and armed attacks missions. An onboard avionic suite with a triple redundant avionic system encompasses units enabling a fully autonomous taxiing, take-off, landing and cruise. TB2 has proven its efficacy with over 110,000 of operational flight hours. Since 2014, it keeps carrying out missions successfully within the Turkish Armed Forces, Gendarmerie and the Turkish National Police. By the year 2020, some 86 armed Bayraktar platform are employed serving Turkey. Bayraktar TB2 holds the record of the Turkish aviation history for endurance with (27 Hours 3 Minutes) and for altitude with (27.030 feet). Bayraktar TB2 is also the first-ever aircraft in its category to be exported abroad.
The integration of the Indigenous munition “Roketsan MAM-L and MAM-C” and the capacity to fulfill successfully Intelligence, persistent aerial Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, made from the system a primary platform in operations. The Armed UAV Bayraktar TB2 is a multi-purpose platform as it can perform Target Acquisition using the onboard laser pointer it is also capable to eliminate it using its payload consisting of four smart munitions. Bayraktar TB2 is a system that offers all cutting-edge solutions required to carry out surgical-precision strikes preventing the widespread damage to close areas. These features ensure civilian security as a first-order priority.
Baykar Real Time Imagery Transmission System (BGAM) provides real-time image transmission and processing solutions to the defense industry. BGAM allows high-resolution, non-delay live broadcasts to be monitored by multiple users at the same time. BGAM is a web-based application that allows users to watch live broadcasts securely on the network or on tablets using the mobile application via internet.
The system stores automatically all transmitted imagery into files of 30-minutes. While monitoring live imagery, users can take multi-tag notes on the system. Saved tags and labels will facilitate, at a later date, the search through archive videos. In a similar way, based on these notes, a mission log can be created and then exported. Archived files can be filtered by date and by metadata.
For security reasons, the system regenerates automatically temporary passwords to secure access to live transmitted and archived imagery. The user name or device information watermark appears on all live and archived video files. Optionally, an embedded software can be integrated to the Imagery Transmission System allowing live transmission to mobile devices operating Windows. The data transfer from highly secured network to mobile devices is secured by Adopting end-to-end encryption method (also called data diode model).
Baykar Mobile Ground Control Station (Mobile GCS), ensure the remote control of the Bayraktar TB2 platform away from the central command centers, rather from advanced bases. The powerful communication antennas of the Mobile GCS expand the mission range by allowing Bayraktar TB2 UAVs to take off and land to/from their current locations. Consistent to NATO ACE III shelter standards, the mobile GCS encompasses a hydraulic driven aerial platform that can be raised up to 12m, automatic oriented antenna systems and a powerful truck providing mobility to all these components with hydraulic outriggers. The Mobile GCS is Baykar’s own design. It is equipped with cutting-edge sensors and control valves allowing it to be set up safely in a short period of time.
“For a UAV to record a 100,000-hour flight is a significant achievement. Only a few countries achieve this,” Selçuk Bayraktar, the technical manager at Baykar, which produces Bayraktar TB2, said 19 June 2019. A statement released by Baykar Makina highlighted that the armed unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) Bayraktar TB2 has become the first domestically developed aerial vehicle to log such an extensive flight time. Bayraktar TB2 flew some 5,300 hours during Operation Olive Branch in Syria’s Afrin town.
By mid-2019 Turkish security forces had deployed 86 armed Bayraktar TB2 in their military operations at home and abroad since 2014. The Turkish military deployed the Bayraktar TB2 in Operations Hendek (Trench), Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch, helping experts achieve operational goals before the planned period and reducing casualties. Baykar Makina's armed drone performed more than 90 percent of all the aerial operations, flying over 5,300 hours. The Bayraktar TB2 playe an important role in the ongoing Operation Claw, launched on 27 May 2019 against the PKK terror group in northern Iraq, as well as in critical tasks in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean as part of Navy Command.
Under agreements, Bayraktar TB2s were exported to Ukraine, which has a 100-year history in aviation and produces the world's largest aircraft, and then to Qatar. Negotiations continue with other countries interested in the national armed UAV. In January 2019, Bayraktar signed an agreement with Ukrainian company Ukrspetsproject for the purchase of 12 Turkish Bayraktar TB2s for the Ukrainian army. Bayraktar also signed a deal with Qatar to sell six drones for Qatari forces in March 2018.
The longest endurance Turkish aviation history at 27 hours, 3 minutes in the air remaining and 27 thousand 30 feet in height, Turkey altitude record-breaking national SIH is 200 thousand hours of flight, the Turkish aviation history in this long won the first aircraft title serving successfully in Turkey.
Bayraktar TB2 played a role as a playmaker in the Hendek, Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch operations carried out by TSK inside and beyond the border. Defense experts stated that the operations ended in a much shorter time than expected and that the most important factors in experiencing less losses are the national guns. SIHA systems made more than 90 percent of all flights, especially in Operation Olive Branch in Afrin, and marked the operation with a flight of 5,300 hours.
Bayraktar TB2 SIHAs, who worked in many operations such as Pençe and Kiran for the terrorist organization, also played an important role in the operations carried out to the so-called managers of the terrorist organization sought in the red list. National SIHAs also took part in the protection of the blue homeland. In this context, Fatih and Yavuz, who work in the Eastern Mediterranean, accompany the drilling vessels from the air for security. Bayraktar TB2 SIHA, which left the Dalaman Naval Air Base Command on December 16, 2019, to be deployed in TRNC for tasks within the same scope, signed a historical flight.
After the Elazig Sivrice-based 6.8 magnitude earthquake that occurred on January 24, Bayraktar TB2 SIHAs transmitted visual information to Ankara and the command centers of the provinces with earthquakes in a very short time after 25 minutes. In addition to supporting the search and rescue operations from the sky, Bayraktar TB2 SIHAs served to control the intense vehicle traffic after the earthquake and to continue the future aids without interruption.
Bayraktar TB2s, which contributed to the success of the Turkish Armed Forces by significantly increasing their discovery surveillance capabilities, also destroyed many targets during the operation. Finally, for the first time in the Spring Shield Campaign, it flew flights as a flock, destroying many armored vehicles, howitzers, Multi-Barrel Rocket Launchers (CHRAs) and air defense systems. The operation of the Turkish military in Syrian Idlib in March 2020 was the first show of the new capabilities of the Turkish army. For the first time, the newest unmanned aerial vehicles Bayraktar TB2 and multipurpose TAI Anka were massively involved. The Turkish military claimed there were up to three group sorties a day. The video filmed by the drones proved their effectiveness: the devices easily found and destroyed targets on the ground. Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akara proudly noted that in just one night, the army destroyed more than 200 targets.
Bayraktar TB2 SIHA realized 80 percent of all sorties made by aircraft participating in the Spring Shield Campaign, which used SIHAs as the primary element in the battlefield for the first time in the world. Bayraktar TB2 SIHAs, which successfully operated in spite of all kinds of electronic wars within the scope of the operation in the Idlib region of Syria, flew over 2 thousand hours. For the first time in the world combat history, Bayraktar TB2 SIHAs were flying in fleets for the first time, and they actively participated in the operation.
Turkey's first domestic and national armed unmanned aerial vehicle (SIH A) TB2 Bayraktar, by successfully completing the 200 thousand flight hours has scored a new record in the history of Turkish aviation. According to the statement made 10 June 2020 by Baykar, Bayraktar TB2 left another important milestone behind. Bayraktar TB2 SIHA System, which broke new ground in the history of Turkish aviation, has successfully completed 200 thousand flight hours. Thus, an aircraft of this class, designed and manufactured with domestic and national facilities, has become the first national aircraft to operate in the sky for the longest time, flying 200,000 hours.
Baykan developed by Turkey's national system for producing SIH, and participated in the operations specifications when evaluating Bayraktar, the best in the world in its class TB2, 2014, entered the inventory of TAF. The unmanned aerial vehicle armed in 2015 is used operationally by the TAF, the Gendarmerie General Command, the General Directorate of Security and the MIT.
In a large article published 06 June 2020 in Die Welt, one of the most influential newspapers in Germany yesterday, Boris Kalnoky compared Turkey's Bayraktar TB2 with the U.S. MQ-9 Reapar UAV, saying, “The Turkish army uses Bayraktar TB2 more effectively than Americans in the field of war. For example, the Turkish SIHA fleet has become a real air force in Syria. At the same time they are also used in Libya, which tore the coup plotters and brings military successes in Turkey, "the statement said. Die Welt article in the Turkish sihai were described as follows: "Turkey sihai Bayraktar TB2 cheap and effective. Ankara, military power, gaining the technology it has developed, the interest of other countries Bayraktar TB2 SIHA is similar to the American UAV called MQ-9 Reaper, both of which are unmanned tactical aircraft.These SIHAs are generally used selectively against individual targets, but Bayraktar TB2 is much more than 'MQ-9 Reaper. effective. Turkish Bayraktar TB2 like MQ-9 Reaper can fly more than 24 hours, make observations, destroy targets. But Turkey's drone strategy is completely different. The Turkish army uses Bayraktar TB2 more effectively than Americans on the battlefield.
Speaking 17 July 2020 at the Air and Space Power Conference UK Defense Minister Ben Wallace, indicated that the UK should take lessons from other countries in defense matters Wallace, "Bayraktar Turkey since the mid-2019 TB-2, see how to use Libya. These UAVs gathered intelligence, surveillance, and carried out operations targeting frontlines, supply lines and logistics bases.”.
"(Turkish UAVs) hit Cufra Airport, which was under the control of the Libyan National Army in July last year, destroying several command control points and two transport aircraft." Wallace said, adding: "Or consists of Turkey's involvement in Syria and Electronic Warfare, lightly armed UAVs and tanks, consider that armored vehicles and air defense systems to stop me in the back of smart munitions, how to use it. According to reports, the Assad regime suffered heavy losses. 'Facilities with 3 thousand soldiers, 151 tanks, 8 helicopters, 3 UAVs, 3 combat fighter jets, trucks, 8 air defense systems, a headquarters and other equipment.' If even half of the claims are true, this game is transformative.”
Against the background of the demonstration of the capabilities of drones, the idea was entrenched in the minds of some political leaders that with their help it is possible to start a war and win without any special losses for themselves. Ukrainian Volodymyr Zelensky was also infected with it. Most recently, he visited Ankara, where he signed an agreement of intent to purchase 48 Bayraktar TB2 tactical attack drones from Turkey and begin their joint production on the territory of his country. In 2019, Ukraine has already purchased shock drones from the Turkish company Baykar Makina. They were planned to be used in Donbass.
Analysis of videos regularly posted on the Internet by the Turkish Ministry of Defense from different conflict zones shows that drones are fighting against single, often unprotected targets. ZRPK "Pantsir-S" is either on the march, or is off under a canopy. The Osa air defense systems also do not work. There is no need to talk about tanks and other armored vehicles: they either stand or go somewhere slowly. The second point is that in all cases, a more high-tech enemy destroys a less prepared one. Therefore, everything looks like a biblical story.
And if the enemy is more serious? For example, Russian, not export, but our tanks are in position? And here you can already fantasize about the technological war of the future. Its main features are: complete information coverage of the combat area by electronic warfare (EW) systems, a deeply echeloned theater of war (theater missile defense) air defense system, the presence of aviation and attack helicopters over the battlefield, and on the ground there are tanks in a company with a self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery.
It’s like into the forest: the further you go, the more trees there are. In "more often" short-range, but omnivorous "Tor-M3" and ZRPK "Pantsir-C1" will wait. And even if they are too lazy to strain, a fighter with a modern Igla or Verba anti-aircraft missile system will appear in position, who will receive target designation from all radars of more powerful systems and will be able to use a relatively inexpensive but extremely effective weapon against the intruder.
As it is known, Baykar-produced Bayraktar TB2s played a key role during the conflict that erupted between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Many experts argue that combat drones gave Azerbaijan the upper hand in both detecting and destroying enemy forces and military equipment, including armoured vehicles, howitzers and Russian-made air defence systems. In footage released by Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry, Turkey's drones could be seen destroying tanks, artillery and missiles that the Turkish Bayraktar TB2s demolished with ease. In April 2021, Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev awarded Baykar’s CTO, Selcuk Bayraktar, with the “Karabakh Order” for his contributions to Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia. During the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, thanks to the support of Turkish drones, Armenia lost at least 200 tanks, 90 armoured vehicles and 182 artillery pieces.
Turkey’s major drone manufacturer said Canada’s cancellation of drone technology export permits to Turkey will not harm Baykar. Canada’s foreign minister, Marc Garneau on 12 April 2021 said that his country had cancelled export permits for drone technology to Turkey after concluding that the country had been selling the equipment to Azerbaijani military forces during the ongoing fighting in the Armenian-occupied Nagorno-Karabakh. In response, the chief technology officer of Baykar, the manufacturer of Turkish drones, Selcuk Bayraktar, said that Canada’s cancellation of drone technology export permits to Turkey will not harm major Turkish aviation firm Baykar.
Criticising Canada’s move, Bayraktar also said that if Turkey decides not to sell Canada armed unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) during an emergency, this may cause it serious problems especially given that Turkey is one of only four countries in the world that produces battle-tested drones. Commenting further on Canada’s decision, Selcuk Bayraktar emphasised that the TB2 armed drone had been developed with an "entirely national and unique design," including all of its components, computers, software, hardware, aerodynamics, and mechanics. "We proudly produce it with 93 percent domestic contributions, which can be counted as a world record," he added. He added that the parts Turkey had imported from Canada, including camera components, are already being developed and produced domestically.
In 2020, following Canada’s suspension decision, Turkey’s state-backed defence giant, Aselsan was quick to develop and produce Common Aperture Targeting System cameras. Bayraktar stressed that Canada, like many other countries with advanced aviation sectors, currently does not possess UAVs or armed UAVs of the kind Turkey produces. "Embargoes have been around for years since we started this business, but none of them could stop us," he said.
Moroccan media outlets close to the government reported 18 April 2021 that the country is set to acquire 13 Turkish made Bayraktar TB2 drones in a bid to boost the effectiveness of its armed forces. The deal worth millions is set to bring the two countries closer and marks another step in the growing international market for Turkish drones. Moroccan media outlets close to the government have reported that the country was set to acquire 13 Turkish made Bayraktar TB2 drones in a bid to boost the effectiveness of its armed forces. The sale is expected to be to the tune of $70 million and would see Morocco also receive four driving ground stations, which will help operate the drones. Morocco was already using American and Israeli drones against the Polisario Front, a renegade militia group fighting for a separate state in the south of the country in a region that is also sometimes known as Western Sahara.
The demand for Turkish drones has been on the increase since they proved themselves capable in combat operations in Syria, Northern Iraq, Libya and most recently in Azerbaijan, where they could decisively change the battlefield outcome in favour of Baku.
By early 2022 the TB2 had flown more than 420,000 hours in places like Syria , Libya and Iraq. Many analysts believe the drone was a decisive weapon during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in 2020. The TB2 has also recently been used in Ethiopia. According to investigators, an attack by the drone killed at least 59 civilians in Tigray.
The production of armed drones Bayraktar TB2 has been launched in Ukraine, according to Andriy Yermak, head of the President's Office. In an interview with the Focus magazine on 24 December 2021, Yermak said the Ukrainian government is expanding cooperation with Turkey, which sent the first batch of Bayraktar TB2 drones to Ukraine in July 2021r. "Now we have launched their production in Ukraine. When they say that these are 'Turkish' Bayraktars, yes, we got them from Turkey, but it is important to point out that the engines for these drones are made in our country," he said.
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