ANKA Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE)
ANKA, advanced Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) class Unmanned Aerial System, performs day and night, all-weather reconnaissance, target detection / identification and intelligence missions with its EO/IR and SAR payloads, featuring autonomous flight capability including Automatic Take-off and Landing. ANKA incorporates a heavy-fuel engine and electro-expulsive Ice Protection System with an Advanced Ground Control Station and dual datalink allowing operational security and ease. The system is expandable with a Transportable Image Exploitation Station, Radio Relay, Remote Video Terminal and SATCOM.
ANKA fleets have been operational immediately after the first deliveries and are combat proven including operations under GNSS denied and other electronic warfare environments. ANKA has accumulated more than 37.000 flight hours (2019) with high mission availability and has taken its rightful place in the Turkish Armed Forces inventory.
In December 2004, TAI received a contract from the Turkish Armed Forces to develop and produce the indigenous MALE UAV system as part of the Turkish Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (TUAV) programme. Under the TUAV project, TAI is responsible for developing three prototype UAVs and the associated ground systems. The preliminary design review (PDR) was completed in May 2008. Anka was unveiled at the Farnborough Air Show in July 2010. The first Anka UAV successfully completed its maiden flight in December 2010. The UAV demonstrated its automatic take-off and landing capabilities in November 2011. A technical issue caused the crashing of a prototype vehicle during final tests in September 2012. TAI completed the acceptance testing campaign of Anka in January 2013.
TAI also plans to design Anka Plus A, an armed variation of Anka. The new Anka Plus A is expected to carry Cirit missiles developed by Roketsan.
Manufactured by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI), the Anka's development commenced in 2004. Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI) announced that Turkish MALE UAV ďANKAĒ, produced at TAIís facilities in Ankara, Turkey, successfully completed its fifth test flight on October 22, 2011, marking the beginning of the envelope expansion process during which the aircraft is demonstrated to perform safely and match the system's performance requirements over a broad range of altitudes, airspeeds and operating weights. After reaching planned altitude of 10.000ft, a series of test points were executed to check and gather data regarding the aircraft and autopilot performances. Over the next few flights, the expansion will be completed and the test campaign will continue with demonstrations of a series of systems improvements, including the automatic takeoff and landing system.
The acceptance test campaign of ANKA Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV System, which was designed and developed by Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI), was successfully completed with the last test flights held between January 20-22, 2013. The 18+ hour long test flight commenced on January 20th at 9:05am and concluded with automatic landing on January 21th at 3:15am, after successful demonstration of full endurance and 200 km data link range performances under winds reaching to 45 kts. During the flight, Air Traffic Control (ATC) coordination was achieved through on-board radio, which was relayed to GCS (Ground Control Station) over the data link, demonstrating ANKA's capability to operate safely in an airspace managed by ATC.
On a separate test flight on January 22nd, night take-off and landings were demonstrated using Automatic Take-off and Landing System (ATOLS). During the acceptance campaign, which had been in progress since Fall 2012, about 130 different ground and flight tests were successfully accomplished, witnessed by MoD Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) and Turkish Air Force representatives, proving ANKA systems' mission readiness.
Since its first flight in December 2010, ANKA system accumulated more than 140 flight hours, during which flight control, data link, propulsion, fuel, landing gear, environmental control, ice protection and electrical systems, as well as mission systems including EO/IR payload, ATC radio and data recorder were tested at altitudes reaching 26000ft. Autopilot, navigation, automatic loiter pattern and ATOLS capabilities were demonstrated throughout the flight envelope, including severe weather conditions.
The Undersecretariat for the Defense Industry (SSM) has signed an agreement with local producer Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI) for 10 ANKA unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVS). According to a statement from the SSM yesterday, the agreement was signed on 25 October 2013. "In the framework of our project to take the utmost advantage of local opportunities, TAI, as the main contractor, will employ the services of many Turkish firms," the statement said. The ANKA a medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) class UAV, is used by the armed forces for reconnaissance, observation and targeting.
ANKA-S is the serial production variant of ANKA. This variant is equipped with ViaSatís VR-18C Highpower SATCOM antenna and indigenous flight control computer. Like ANKA Block A and ANKA Block B, ANKA-S will be powered by Thielert Centurion 2.0S. However Turkish Engine Industries (TEI) is developing a national engine for the ANKA that can operate with diesel and JP-8 jet fuel. In 25 October 2013 Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industry (SSM) ordered 10 ANKA-S UAVs and 12 ground control stations for $290 million ($220.6 million + TRY 137 million). The UAVs will be delivered in three batches (2+4+4). The first batch is planned to be delivered in March 2017. A total of 6 UAVs were planned to be delivered in 2017.
Bangladesh Air Force (BAF) to buy Turkish TAI Anka UAV. Reportedly BAF ordered Anka-S UAS which is the Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle or UCAV version of the Turkish Aerospace Industries developed Anka ISR drone. BD Air Force forming up their unmanned aerial vehicle fleet. This fleet would comprises both surveillance & combat UAV. BAF wants a true force multiplier to augment forceís real capabilities to ensure national security in all aspect. Turkish Anka unmanned aerial systems has been designed to conduct most critical operations. Anka is manufactured with latest technology and materials.
Turkish manufacturer Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) won a contract from Tunisia to supply six Anka-S drones. The March 2020 deal, which also includes three ground control stations and an unspecified level of technology transfer, follows more than a year of waiting on the Tunisian government by TAI. The contract for TAIís first drone developed for the Turkish military, Anka-S, is worth $240 million. The company is also in talks with Tunis for the sale of armed Anka drones, another variant of the aircraft.
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