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PT-85 (TYPE-82)

Foreign experts consider the "M 1985" the largest amphibious tank in the world. The PT-85 (TYPE-82) is a North Korean produced amphibious tank, based on the VTT-323 APC chassis featuring a turret similar to PT-76 with several modifications. According to some estimates, at least 500 of these "M 1985" were produced. It is possible that several modernized tanks are still being produced. Several variants have been observed, though discrete nomenclature for these models is not known.

The first North Korean tank is considered a light tank, known by the American designation "M 1985". Since the data on the tank is classified, in various reference books only tentative data on this vehicle are given. The displacement of this North Korean amphibious tank is estimated at about 20 tons, if not more. Which makes it one of the largest floating combat vehicles ever. Only the landing transporters are larger, but our Sprut, probably. Assumptions are made that the tank can serve as a means of ferrying infantrymen across water obstacles. The tank is well armed for its class: an 85 mm cannon, a 7.62 mm machine gun. And also a large-caliber anti-aircraft machine gun and an installation for launching the Malyutka ATGM.

Despite the good chassis, which is an elongated version of the VTT-323 (licensed Chinese Type 63) and a decent engine, its tactical and strategic niche is completely unclear. What amphibious assault forces should they go? Who to shoot at? For lightly armored vehicles, his weapon is completely redundant, but for tanks it is useless. The Malyutka ATGM (or its Chinese counterpart) does not save the state of affairs either - a slow and difficult-to-control (exclusively from a stationary vehicle) missile will not show miracles in the fight against enemy armored vehicles. Moreover, 30-mm steel armor does not leave a chance to survive under the fire of any rapid-fire from any BMP or armored personnel carrier, even the middle of the last quarter of the last century.

Consider the vehicle as a cannon artillery support system for the landing? The OFS is rather weak, and a large ammunition load cannot be taken away. Given the clearly excessive displacement, possibly these vehicles were originally designed to carry a couple of dozen soldiers in the form of a tank landing. This at least explains the size of the machine and the strange composition of the weapons - "what fits." However, there may be the inertia of the North Korean military, who demanded a "floating tank of maximum parameters" - and this is what the North Korean industry was able to dream up.

The photographs show that, in contrast to the "Type 63", the PT-85 has six road wheels on each side - against 4 of the "Chinese". This was due to the need to install an improved tank turret with an 85mm gun. Outwardly, the Korean gun looks very much like the modified Soviet D-44. A 7.62 mm PKT machine gun is paired with the cannon. The turret of the tank has a system for attaching an anti-aircraft machine gun KPV (14.5 mm) and a launching guide for anti-tank missiles "Baby" or the like. How many prototypes were produced and whether the car was in service is known only to the Koreans themselves.

Armament 85mm main gun AT-3 ATGM
Hull Thickness 30mm
Road Range 500 km
Max Speed Water: 10 km/hr
Paved Road: 60 km/hr
Fording Amphibious
Vertical Obstacle .87 m
Trench 2.9 m
Climb Slope 38 degrees

PT-85 (TYPE-82) PT-85 (TYPE-82)

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Page last modified: 30-06-2021 11:42:40 ZULU