The Largest Security-Cleared Career Network for Defense and Intelligence Jobs - JOIN NOW

Military


North Korea Parades

On 20 October 2020, thousands of North Korean soldiers will goose step through Pyongyang, and columns of tanks and missiles will roll through the capital as well past the VIP tribune at Kim Il Sung Square in the heart of the city, where North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un will be seated, as well as past masses of frenetically cheering compatriots. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) will celebrate an important milestone on that date: the 75th anniversary of the founding of the country's powerful Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) by Kim Jong Un's grandfather Kim Il Sung the father of communist North Korea. From the North Korean point of view, such an auspicious date is the perfect occasion to demonstrate military strength to the world, perhaps to even show off new weapons.

The outside world's best indication that something big is in the works comes from bird's-eye satellite images. Captured this spring and summer, the images document massive construction projects, both in the city center as well as about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) to the east, at the Mirim Parade Training Ground, which is often used as a practice and staging area for military parades. A replica of Kim Il Sung Square has even been created at the Mirim facility in order to train for parades like the one on October 10 under the most realistic conditions possible.

"The Mirim Parade Training Ground, with its replica of Kim Il Sung Square, has been around for a long time," explains Jenny Town, deputy director of 38 North, a US think tank focused on North Korea. "All of the North's large military parades require practice to ensure smooth operations, tight execution of timing and formations, and strict protocols in advance of the big event."

Mirim Parade Training Ground Mirim Parade Training Ground Mirim Parade Training Ground

North Korea usually commemorates fifth and tenth anniversaries in a big way. Pyongyang conducted its fourth nuclear test on 06 January 2016, two days before leader Kim Jong-uns birthday, and the fifth test on 09 September 2016, the day the North Korean regime was established. North Korea conducted a nuclear test a day before the Worker's Party anniversary in 2006, and held a massive military parade to mark it in 2015. There has been a gradual decline in conventional weapons on display since 2012, Kim Jong Uns first parade as a leader, and a move to showcase more sophisticated weapons such as ballistic missiles.

During military parades held in Pyongyang in October 2010 and April 2012, a number of new weapon systems were displayed for the first time, highlighting continued efforts to improve the military's conventional capabilities, despite financial hardships. Ground. The parades featured several newly identified North Korean tanks, artillery, and other armored vehicles. New infantry weapons have been displayed as well.

The son of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, the anointed successor to lead the country, made a high profile public debut 08 October 2010 in the state's largest military parade in years. Twenty-seven year-old Kim Jong Un appeared with his father Kim Jong Il presiding over the parade to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the country's ruling communist party. Thousands of troops marched through the streets of Pyongyang drawing cheers from spectators. The parade was being aired live on state television, an unusual departure in North Korea, where broadcasts are heavily censored. The parade includes thousands of and a display of North Korea's tanks, missiles and other weaponry.

On 15 April 2012, North Korea held a massive military parade, part of events celebrating the centenary of the birth of the late North Korean founder, Kim Il Sung. North Koreas new leader, Kim Jong Un, made a public speech for the first time at the event.

On 27 July 2013 North Korea held a large-scale military parade to mark the 60th anniversary of the Korean War armistice. North Korea marked the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Korean War armistice with a large scale parade of soldiers and military hardware in Kim Il Sung Square. Only a few Americans were officially invited to witness the parade.

For North Korea this is a victory celebration and a show of strength both to its own people and the rest of the world that it stands ready to fight again. The Director General of the political bureau of the country's military Choe Ryong Hae, told the crowd that the country's military and people along with the party would surely fulfill the lofty dreams of those heroes and warriors of the 1950s.

At the head of the parade were veterans mostly in their 80s and 90s, sitting in the back of open trucks. They are considered heroes for helping to save their country in the war against the US led UN troops following North Korea's invasion of South Korea in 1950. Here America is blamed for starting that war. The US, with which North Korea has no diplomatic relations is still considered the enemy.

Rows of tanks and other mobile armored weapons rolled past. all of it stenciled on front "Let's annihilate the US imperial aggressors, the blood enemy of the Korean people." Thousands of soldiers goose stepped, some wearing medals glistening in the bright sun on one of the warmest days of the year in Pyongyang.

Also on parade, large 16 wheel flatbed trucks carrying medium range ballistic missiles capable of hitting the US pacific state of Hawaii. MiG jet fighters streaked by, heading north to south, and at low altitude helicopters dangled banners which read "We will protect Marshall Kim Jong Un at the cost of our lives."

North Korea is reported to have created a nuclear backpack special military unit tasked with spraying toxic radioactive materials at the enemy. The unit is said to consist of soldiers selected from the scout platoons and light infantry brigades under the Korean Peoples Army. In October 2015, the North displayed soldiers carrying backpacks emblazoned with nuclear radiation symbols during a military parade marking the 70th anniversary of the Norths Workers Party. It also showed a truckload of soldiers wearing the backpacks during the military parade in 2013.

North Korea marked the 71st anniversary of the founding of the ruling Workers Party on 10 October 2016. But the atmosphere on the key anniversary this year was quite different from last year, when the nation held the largest-ever military parade to commemorate the occasion. In a commentary, the Rodong Sinmun, which is North Koreas main newspaper, stressed the need to further establish revolutionary discipline and order based on the one-man rule by its leader Kim Jong-un. It also said that the nation should make an all-out effort to fully carry out the tasks mentioned at the seventh party congress in May 2016.

North Korea fired an intermediate-range ballistic missile called Hwasong-12 on 14 May 2016. A week later, on May 21, it also launched a medium-range ballistic missile known as Pukguksong-2. The nation fired the KN-06 surface-to-air missile on May 27, followed by the launch of a variant of a Scud-type missile for use as an anti-ship ballistic missile on May 29. And it successfully fired surface-to-ship cruise missiles on June 8.

The five types of missiles North Korea recently test-fired are part of the seven new missiles that the nation unveiled during a military parade on 15 April 2017. The remaining two are believed to be intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs.

The North test-fired several projectiles on 08 June 2017 presumed to be short-ranged, surface-to-ship cruise missiles from near the eastern coastal city of Wonsan in Gangwon Province toward the East Sea. The latest cruise missiles could be the same surface-to-ship missiles unveiled during the military parade marking the 105th birthday of late North Korean founder Kim Il-sung on April 15th. The missiles were featured on top of mobile launchers with four launch tubes.

The preparations took place at Mirim Airfield in Pyongyang to mark the 70th founding anniversary of the Korean People's Army on February eighth. Satellite pictures had captured rehearsals for the parade earlier in the week. North Korean media said 02 February 2018 that no one has the right to say whether the regime is right or wrong if it decides to hold a military parade just one day before the opening of the PyeongChang Olympics. The North's ruling Workers' Party's newspaper the Rodong Sinmun made the rebuke to criticism of the anticipated event from other countries in an op-ed. The article said that events marking the North Korean military's founding anniversary reflect the wishes of the military and the people to meaningfully celebrate the occasion.

The paper rhetorically questioned whether South Korea would not hold its Armed Forces Day events on October first if North Korea requested it not to do so citing its nationally important day on October tenth which is the founding anniversary of the Workers' Party.

On the eve of the opening ceremony of the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, North Korea held a massive military parade. Some 50,000 North Koreans, including 13-thousand troops, are believed to have participated in the event. The parade appeared to have taken place on a smaller scale than last year's. A South Korean official said that the military event was held from around 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., marking the 70th anniversary of the founding of the North Korean People's Army. However, the event wasn't broadcast until 5:30 p.m. on the North's state-run broadcaster Korean Central Television.

The North rearranged its annual celebration of the founding of its standing army to be held on the eve of the PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games in the South. Previously, the February 8th anniversary had been observed on April 25th in commemoration of North Korea's founding leader Kim Il-sung's guerrilla warfare against Japanese colonial occupation.

North Korea unveiled video footage of its massive military parade held in Pyongyang on Thursday to mark the 70th anniversary of its military. The edited clips broadcast by the Norths state-run Korean Central Television later in the day showed a host of intercontinental ballistic missiles that are believed to be able to strike the U.S. mainland, including the Hwasong-15, Hwasong-14 and Hwasong-12, all of which the regime successfully test-launched last year. The North also displayed its solid-fuel Pukguksong-2 ballistic missile in an apparent bid to show off what it claimed was the completion of its nuclear forces.

DPRK Parade DPRK Parade DPRK Parade DPRK Parade DPRK Parade DPRK Parade

Before sunrise on 10 October 2020 a parade was held in the main squares of Pyongyang on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the beginning of the Korean Workers Party. The event was the largest parade held in recent years in the country, which was accompanied by the unveiling of new and interesting achievements in almost all categories of the country's military forces. The parade in Pyongyang saw a large number of military equipment, including traction and self-propelled howitzers of various types, multiple MLRS rocket launchers and other armored and artillery equipment.

South Korean military authorities said that signs had been detected suggesting North Korea held a military parade in the early hours of Saturday to mark the 75th founding anniversary of the ruling Workers' Party. Seoul's Joint Chiefs of Staff said the parade may have taken place at Pyongyang's Kim Il-sung Square at dawn with a large amount of equipment and personnel mobilized. The JCS said South Korean and U.S. intelligence authorities are analyzing the event including the possibility that it could be the main event and not a rehearsal. The military did not mention a specific time but is known to be leaning toward the likelihood that it was indeed the main event.

October 10, 2020 marked the 75th anniversary of the founding of the Workers' Party of Korea. The outside world is expected to hold the largest military parade in history. Yonhap News Agency quoted news reports that North Korea might display a new intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) by then, and state-run TV stations may also broadcast the speech of leader Kim Jong Un.

Yonhap News Agency reported on October 9 that sources said that North Korea had shown that they were preparing to reveal signs of new intercontinental ballistic missiles during the military parade. The South Korean government has reportedly detected signs that Kim Jong-un will give a speech during the military parade. The report quoted sources as pointing out that there are signs that state-run television stations will broadcast the military parade.

The U.S. 38 North website that monitors North Korea pointed out on October 6 that recent satellite images showed the rehearsal of the military parade. About 40 troops practiced at the Merrill Lynch parade training ground near Pyongyang, and another 10 vehicles. Trucks that can carry tanks are parked at the car park.

The event took place in Pyongyangs Kim Il-sung Square at midnight. North Korea typically held military parades at 9 or 10 a.m. in the past. Sometimes, they took place in the afternoon due to weather conditions. But it was the first time that a parade was held in the dead of night. Analysts speculate that North Korea wanted to make it difficult to detect its new weapons in the dark and also refrained from upsetting U.S. President Donald Trump, especially ahead of the U.S. presidential election. Heres Dr. Oh Gyeong-seob from the Korea Institute for National Unification with more. The nighttime parade had political purposes. First, it came after leader Kim Jong-uns order to make the event special. It was held in the form of a festival, featuring a variety of things to watch, including a fireworks display. Second, North Korea may have considered its relations with the U.S. It carried out the event unexpectedly at midnight and broadcast it 19 hours later, at 7 p.m.

Significant military parades usually took place at around 10 AM in the past. Watchers note that the timing may have come after North Korean leader Kim Jong-un's order to make the event "special and unique." Pyeongyang might have tried to make the occasion look like a festival rather than a show of force in consideration of relations with the U.S., especially ahead of the U.S. November election. Other analysts add that it may be a strategic move by the North so that Seoul and Washington find it difficult to detect new weapons in the dark. The COVID-19 pandemic might have played a role in the North's decision this time as a nighttime event might have helped it mobilize fewer people, therefore minimizing virus spread. Initially, there was a possibility that its state-run news agency could air the parade live, but instead it recorded the parade and aired an edited an remixed edition later in the day.

Once the video was released, the night-time staging of the parade, and the delay in release to provide time for editing, became easy to understand. Previous parades had been reported as news, while this parade was simply a theatrical production. Figure-ground organization is to experience that viewers have as to which part of the image is important in front and which part of an image forms the less important background of the particular scene. In essence, observers divide the world into two elements: the figure that is the object of regard, and the rest, which is ground or background. Visual motion is an important source of information for separating objects from their backgrounds. When an observer is more sensitive to the background, they will be less sensitive to smaller foreground objects. The night time staging of this spectacle allows greater focus on the individual weapons, while the backgrounds are far less prominent. This is a well known cinematic technique familiar to action-adventure fight scenes.

The only thing missing in the North Korean video being the wet streets which provide additional dramatic reflections. Wet pavement adds visual interest, such as reflection, and heightens the sense of drama. It makes the subject seem more vivid. To Hollywood, a dry street is a boring street. In contrast to previous parades, some of the weapons this year were painted in dramatic colors to heighten the effect.

Kim made a conciliatory gesture toward South Korea during his speech. He delivered a warm wish to his fellow people in the South and also expressed his hope that the North and the South would hold each others hand again after overcoming the COVID-19 crisis quickly. It is rather unusual that the leader sent a message to South Korea during his speech aimed at the domestic audience. Expressed in the leaders own voice, the message indicates his determination to manage inter-Korean relations properly down the road.

What drew a lot of attention during the event was leader Kim Jong-uns emotional speech. While expressing his gratitude to his people repeatedly, he removed his glasses and wiped away tears. It was the first time for any North Korean leader to tear up during a public event. During his speech, Kim mentioned the difficulties faced by the country and said that he was ashamed to face the people, frankly admitting his policy failure. Apparently, he did not promote a perfect image as a leadersomething that was pursued by his predecessors.

DPRK Parade DPRK Parade

North Korea staged a nighttime military parade on 09 September 2021 to mark the 73rd anniversary of the national founding. The Norths state-run Korean Central News Agency said the parade started at 12 a.m. on Thursday at Kim Il-sung Square in Pyongyang. According to the report, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un attended but did not give a speech. Instead, Ri Il-hwan, the ruling partys propaganda director, delivered an address in which he said the parade is the North Korean peoples most noble homage to the state. Reserve forces took active part as did forces tasked with quarantine efforts and health. Cannon salutes marked the start and the end of the event.

There had been speculations that the North may reveal strategic military weapons such as a new submarine-launched ballistic missile(SLBM), but no notable state-of-the-art weaponry were unveiled. Conventional weapons including 122-milimeter multiple rocket launchers and Bulsae anti-tank missiles featured in the parade.

DPRK Parade DPRK Parade



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list



 
Page last modified: 13-09-2021 18:04:28 ZULU