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Great Unit "Rescue of Sanguily" Gran Unidad "Rescate de Sanguily"

This outfit is difficult to understand. Clearly it has been different things at different times. It clearly began life as an armor formation, and it retains that character. But it also seems to be a unit that conducts individual training [seemingly without reference to tanks], as well as participating in large scale exercises.

As one of the main units of the Revolutionary Armed Force [FAR], the Gran Unidad "Rescate de Sanguily", also known as the Unidad de la Gloria Combativa Rescate de Sanguily [Gran Unidad de Tanques Rescate de Sanguily] and the Great Tank Unit of the Combative Glory Rescue of Sanguily, Antonio Maceo Order [Gran Unidad de Tanques de la Gloria Combativa Rescate de Sanguily, Orden Antonio Maceo], has been visited by civil and military personalities, both national and international.

On April 16, 1965, by Order No. 037 of the Minister of the FAR, the Armored Division is constituted. It was composed of three brigades of Tanks UM 2600, UM 1688, UM 1448. Its first chief was Commander Lino Carreras Rodríguez. From that moment on it became a subordinate unit directly to the Minfar. It has undergone changes in its structure according to needs, missions and its logical improvement. In that same year, the process of constituting the Party began in the entire Tank Division, the first Western unit, where this process was concluded. The delivery of the card to the first militants of the Party was carried out by the Commander in Chief in an act of preparation for a military parade, on 100th Street, on September 19, 1965. The Combat flag was handed over to the Armored Division.

The formation's mission is to defend against the forces and means of the enemy's blows, to fight against the landings, carry out offensive actions, relieve troops, reinforce threatened directions, take active actions, restore defense and cause casualties to the aggressor, in a way that makes him desist and it prevents him from continuing his purposes. As one of the main units of the FAR, it has been visited by civil and military personalities, both national and international.

In time of peace, it constitutes a cadre training school for the FAR, where the officers materialize in a practical way the knowledge acquired in the schools and academies. Similarly participates in training, exercises, maneuvers, and daily preparation activities that enable them to meet new responsibilities, internationalist missions, and others. It trains annually, thousands of combatants for reserves, of which many graduate as officers.

It complies with the guard service of camp and interiors, in order to protect the material and state means; reach higher levels of combative disposition, as well as respond quickly and forcefully to any action of the enemy. Acting together with the people, after natural disasters, such as hurricanes, fires, among others. It participates with the people in the Battle of Ideas and in the programs of the Revolution and strengthen the political-ideological work.

History

Rescate de Sanguily
"Rescue of Sanguily"

The "Rescue of Sanguily" was a famous military action on 08 October 1871 during the first Cuban war of independence against the Spanish royal forces, known as the Ten Years War. Carried out by the Cuban independence major General Ignacio Agramonte and 35 of his best riders, the action took place in Camaguey territory. Brigadier Julio Sanguily had been captured by a Spanish column and Agramonte declared the needto to rescue him, alive or dead. Agramonte, along with 35 men, attacked the column led by Commander César Matos and by force of machete rescue Sanguily.

Taking off his hat, Sanguily raised his arm and burst into a jubilant cry: "Viva Cuba Libre!" The riders chanted the "viva!", without worrying about the fire with which the defeated army was recovering from amazement. A bullet went through Sanguily's hand. The hat fell to the ground. But nothing prevented General Sanguily from returning to the camp of the liberators, together with Major Agramonte and his thirty-five horsemen.

This marked an important political victory for the Cuban ranks. In the battle the 36 Cuban horsemen faced a troop of Spanish infantry of more than 120 men, the Cubans emerging victorious. Later Agramonte said: "My soldiers did not fight like men: They fought like wild beasts!" Despite having only been a skirmish, this event spread the names of Ignacio Agramonte, Henry Reeve [ "El Inglesito", American by birth but Cuban by vocation] and Julio Sanguily all over Cuba, turning them into heroes in the eyes of the Cuban independence fighters and provoked a certain demoralization among the Spanish troops in Camagüey. The rescue of Brigadier Julio Sanguily was a test of what could be achieved using small groups of fighters, and raised the combative morale of Cuban troops and ridiculed the enemy.

Years later, in one of his most beautiful sonnets, Rubén Martínez Villena would write : "A shining yaguarama was raised. / A scream of arrogant command was heard. / And a demigod, forged in combat, / ordering a load of madness, / marched with his lions to the rescue, / and took the captive in his mount".

Commander in Chief Fidel Castro, highlighted: "It has gone down in history as one of the most extraordinary military actions; a fact that lifted the mood in the Cuban countryside in difficult times, that electrified almost everyone ... well known to all Cubans, this was undoubtedly one of the greatest feats that were written in our struggles for independence , and has become a fact of proverbial weapon, which at that time awoke even the admiration of the Spanish forces".

The historical background of the camp, where this large tank unit is located, dates from a corral called Managuaco. There, on May 15, 1730, the Villa de los Remedios de Managua was founded. With the passing of the years, he was known, simply, as Managua. From this small town emerged great men and important military leaders, such as General Adolfo del Castillo, who staged several combats in the area. We emphasize that the place was also chosen as camping by Máximo Gómez and Antonio Maceo during the Invasion to the West in 1895. In 1943, a military camp was founded by Batista's army with the objective of preparing recruits who would participate in the Second World War in support of US troops and their allies. This mission did not come to pass. It worked first as a military polytechnic school and, later, as a military camp.

After the triumph of the Revolution, on January 9, 1959, Commander Juan Almeida Bosque entered the camp with a group of combatants of different columns and the Marianas platoon. They take the camp, occupied by troops of Batista, with an obsolete technique (American Sherman tanks, the M-18, T-17 and English kites).

The first mission of the Rebel Army was to organize the camp. It hosted the trials of those who committed crimes against the people. An Armored Battalion was first created; later, the July 26 Motorized Regiment, of which Commander Juan Almeida Bosque was his boss. The main objective in this stage was the organization and preparation of combatants in the domain of armament and armored equipment, in addition to cultural improvement.

Beginning in 1960, the first T-34 tanks, the SAU-100 artillery pieces and the T-46 Stalin began to arrive from the USSR in order to counteract the growing hostility of the United States government. Another task was the creation of the Tank School with the armored equipment, with which the victory was obtained in Playa Girón. In the graduation of this course, was the commander Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, who handed the diplomas to the graduates and pronounced the closing words. The first record of the course was the already deceased General of Division Néstor López Cuba, then first sergeant.

During the days of the October Crisis, the visit of Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz and Army General Raul Castro Ruz was received. Visits had been received from foreign delegations.

The strengthening of the defensive potential of the country demanded by the General Staff to order the creation of combat units. This is how the first Tank Brigade UM 2600 was created on August 3, 1961. Today, General Ramón Pardo Guerra was appointed in the place known as La Chorrera. It consisted of two tank battalions T-34, one SAU-100 artillery battery and a 14.5 mm anti-aircraft artillery group. A year later, another battalion is added. In its first stage, it complied with a high level of preparation and combative disposition, maintaining the cultural and political preparation of the personnel.

Before the October Crisis and a probable imperialist aggression, the high command of the FAR, decided to form new combat units. He placed them in the most important strategic directions.

This is the case of UM 1688, founded on November 23, 1963 in Limonar, Matanzas. Its initial structure was that of a Tank Battalion T-55, two Tank Battalions T-34, a Terrestrial Artillery group SAU-100, a group of AAA ZCU 57-2 and small assurance units. It was completed with the staff of the first call to Mandatory Military Service (SMO). He fulfilled the missions with high preparation and fighting disposition. Its first chief was the commander Raúl Guerra Bermejo (Maro). On September 17, 1965, the Brigade received the Combat Flag from the Minister of the FAR. It was visited by the Army General in the years 1994 and 1995.

The third Brigade is the UM-1448, created on May 15, 1964. It was formed with the instruction group that fulfilled internationalist mission in Algeria and soldiers of the first call to the SMO. Located initially in Limonar, Matanzas, the first boss was Captain Melquiades González López. It had the following structure: a Tank Battalion T-34, composed of three companies, a service platoon, a Transport squad, two Sapper squads, two communications squads and a finance chief. Later it was permanent in Jaimanita. Integrating the Infantry Battalion located there. Years later it suffers changes in its structure although always fulfilling the missions for a high preparation and combative disposition.

On April 16, 1965, by Order No. 037 of the Minister of the FAR, the Armored Division was constituted. It was composed of three brigades of Tanks UM-2600, UM-1688, UM-1448. The first boss was Commander Lino Carreras Rodríguez. From that moment on it became a subordinate unit directly to the Minfar. It has undergone changes in its structure according to needs, missions and its logical improvement. In that same year, the process of constituting the Party began in the entire Tank Division, the first Western unit, where this process was concluded. The delivery of the card to the first militants of the Party was made by the Commander in Chief in an act of preparation for a military parade, in 100th Street, on September 19, 1965. The flag of Combat was given to the Armored Division.

On January 3, the FAR Minister issued Order No. 0.08, in which he arranged to create an Armored Army Corps that would be a reserve for the high command. It was constituted on February 22, 1966. It was composed of:

  1. Three Tank Brigades
  2. Two Motorized Divisions
  3. Combative Assurance Units.

In 1967, the regiment of Terrestrial Artillery 2055 was subordinated to the Army Corps. They were years of missions and important activities for this unit: combat preparation was perfected, new combat techniques were incorporated and maneuvers, exercises and trainings were carried out with satisfactory results.

A third stage occurs when it became the Division of Tanks in 1973. This responded to a change in the organizational structure of the units of the FAR, in order to improve the operational strategic character and ensure a higher fighting disposition. Once the Division of Tanks, Steel Fist of the FAR was constituted as the Minister would baptize it, the preparation activities were intense, given the constant threats of imperialism and the increase of internationalist aid from Cuba. They were years of sacrifice and consecration to successfully fulfill innumerable missions and tasks directed by the superior command and by the Party. Among them, the Cuban Escudo Strategic Exercise stands out. To achieve an integral preparation of the combatants, the Study Regiment was created on April 16, 1990. It has been significant in the training of specialists for the successful fulfillment of the missions.

When the socialist camp fell, the Tank Division undertook innumerable tasks to conserve the technique and the armament, to strengthen the military discipline, combative and political preparation, preparation of the Military Operations Theater, self-financing, among others. He participated actively in the development of agriculture and agricultural tasks to benefit the food of the troops and the population.

On April 26, 1995, in the framework of the activities for the XXX anniversary, it received the distinction of the Combative Glory Rescue of Sanguily, delivered by the Minister of the FAR. That same day it inaugurated the Museum of the Armored Troops. Five years later, on a similar date, after Minfar's inspection of the DT, the State Council granted it the Antonio Maceo Order, delivered by the Minister of the FAR as a result of successes achieved in his historical career.

The political act and the military ceremony on the occasion of the 45th anniversary of the foundation of the Gran Unidad de la Gloria Combativa Rescate de Sanguily [great unit of the combative glory Rescue of Sanguily], Antonio Maceo Order, of the Revolutionary Armed Forces, took place on Friday morning 16 April 2010, at its headquarters. Havana city. During the celebration, in which the troops of that great unit paraded, a wreath was placed before the effigy of Lieutenant General Antonio Maceo, the internationalist martyrs and the fallen combatants in Playa Girón, and incentives were given to a group of officers outstanding in the accomplishment of important tasks and missions. The ceremony was presided over by members of the Political Bureau, Heroes of the Republic of Cuba and Army Corps Generals Leopoldo Cintra Frias, First Deputy Minister of the FAR, and Ramón Espinosa Martín, Vice Minister of the Armed Forces.

A total of 602 young people who fulfilled their active military service in the Great Tank Unit of the Combative Glory Rescue of Sanguily, Antonio Maceo Order [Gran Unidad de Tanques de la Gloria Combativa Rescate de Sanguily, Orden Antonio Maceo], graduated 10 August 2013, after having satisfactorily fulfilled the sacred duty of preparing to defend the Homeland. In the politico-cultural act that took place in the aforementioned unit, when speaking on behalf of the demobilized soldiers, José Alberto Fonseca Tamayo highlighted the dedication that characterized the service stage in the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR). "They were valuable months that trained us to improve our living and working conditions, the conservation and maintenance of war material, the preparation of the theater of military operations and, permanently in this time, we consolidate the combative and political preparation ", he said.

With the beginning of the year of Preparation for Defense began in the Great Unit of Steel Fists as Fidel baptized the tankers, the organization and realization of new tasks and goals and defensive capacity with a high dose of patriotism, the pride of tanquistas will be present in each mission to fulfill.

Achieving efficiency and consolidation in combative and political preparation must distinguish the current year in the Great Tank Unit of the Combative Glory Rescue of Sanguily, Antonio Maceo Order, assured the Chief of Staff of the historic unit, Colonel José Ángel Rodríguez Pérez 02 February 2017. In the opening ceremony of the defense preparation period corresponding to 2017, the official said that the main work directions will also be attention to the tasks related to the improvement of the units, as well as obtaining satisfactory results in the conservation of the material. of war, in the works of conditioning of the theater of military operations and in the use, destiny and control of the material and financial means.

Main internationalist missions

  1. Algeria
  2. Syria
  3. Ethiopia
  4. Angola
  5. Nicaragua

Most important maneuvers

  1. XV Anniversary of the triumph of the Revolution (Cayuco Pinar del Río).
  2. Ayacucho 150 (Camagüey 1974).
  3. First Congress of the PCC (Camagüey 1975).
  4. XX Anniversary of the Granma (Camagüey 1976).
  5. 150th Anniversary of the birth of Máximo Gómez (Jejenes 1984).
  6. XXXIV Anniversary of the disembarkation of the Granma yacht (Camacho 1988).
  7. XL Anniversary of the disembarkation of the Granma yacht (Jejenes 1996).
  8. XLIII Anniversary of the disembarkation of the yacht Granma (Jejenes 1999).
  9. XLVI Anniversary of the disembarkation of the Granma yacht (Camacho 2002).
  10. First tactical workshop on the use of tanks and armored vehicles (Jejenes 2002).
  11. Active participation in the strategic exercises Bastion.
  12. Reinforcement operation 2 (2009).
  13. tactical exercises and maneuvers of the 2016 Bastion

Commanders

  1. General of Brigada Lino Carreras Rodríguez.
  2. General of division Ramón Pardo Guerra.
  3. Army Corps General Leopoldo Cintra Frías.
  4. Brigadier General Iraldo Mora Orozco.
  5. Brigadier General Manuel Pérez Hernández.
  6. Brigadier General Raúl Hernández Marrero.
  7. General of division Ermio Hernández Rodríguez.
  8. General of division Onelio Aguilera Bermúdez.
  9. Brigadier Eliécer Velázquez Almaguer.
  10. Brigadier General Francisco Hernández López.





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Page last modified: 21-02-2019 18:43:09 ZULU