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Cuba

The revolutionary flag of Puerto Rico bore a blue triangle with a single silver star; a red triangle with a silver star forms a prominent part of the flag of Cuba; red, white, and blue stripes.

A Flag is an emblem, a symbol, and like all symbols should summarize and express a history. The national flag of the United States, for example, expresses a history of thirteen colonies originally banded together to resist tyranny, and afterward joined in a Federal Union, which now includes forty-five sovereign States a star for each State, a stripe for each colony, a blue union to hold new stars for new States as they shall be created and admitted.

The colors red, white, and blue are the revolutionary colors. American independence was founded on revolution. In the French tricolor, adopted in 1794, the revolutionary colors appear in three broad vertical stripes. The independence of all the States of North and South America was founded on revolution against the rule of Europe.

The Cuban flag was created by Narciso Lpez in 1849, and put together by Emilia Toln. Narciso Lpez, a New York-based Cuban exile, used the suggestions of the Cuban poet Miguel Teurbe Toln.

The Freemasons argued that Spain had practically taken her flag away from Cuba, leaving Cuba, as it were, without a flag or any protection under the Spanish flag. In such an emergency, they made a flag of their own and are determined to maintain its honor to the last. It was in certain Masonic lodges that the spirit of independence was cradled and where it was nurtured.

From this source proceeded the flag of Cuba. Its three blue stripes symbolize the three degrees of ancient craft Masonry. These are separated by the two stripes of white which are the symbols of purity. Thus the five stripes, three blue and two white, symbolize a government born of Freemasonry and purity.

The red triangle, on the left end of the flag, being equilateral, represents the three-fold attributes of Deity, Omnipotence, Omniscience, and Omnipresence, which are recognized by Masons as the sacred characterization of Supreme power. The white star in the centre of this red triangle represents the State of Cuba rising from a field of blood. To Masons the red triangle is a reminder of the Royal Arch color, while the five-pointed star refers to the five points of fellowship.

The flag of Cuba was used in the liberation movement that was launched to seek independence from Spain. Though the flag was hoisted for a short span in 1850, the official status as the national flag was granted in 1902. The three blue bands represent the three military districts of colonial Cuba - central, occidental, and oriental Two white bands stands for the purity of the patriotic cause. Red symbolizes the blood shed in the struggle for independence. The White Star is called La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star) and it represents independence and freedom. The Triangle stands for equality, strength and constancy (equilateral triangles are Masonic symbols for equality).

The Puerto Rican flag was created in 1895, by the Puerto Rican section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, which advocated independence for Puerto Rico and Cuba from Spanish rule. There are different hypothesis on the identity of the designer of the flag. Torreforte said that the flag designer was Francisco Gonzalo (Pachn) Marn. Antonio Vlez Alvarado claimed he was himself the designer of the flag. Roberto H. Todd said that the flag was designed by Manuel Besosa, member of the board of the Puerto Rican Section. The first flag was sewn by Maria Manuela (Mima) Besosa according to Robert H. Todd, or by Micaela Dalmau, according to Antonio Vlez Alvarado.

The design is the same as the Cuban flag, but with the colors inverted. It has five horizontal stripes, alternating red and white, with a white star on a blue triangle in the extreme left. There are many different tones of blue used around the island, even among those in public buildings. Sky blue is preferred by the PPD and was the original blue back in 1895. Dark blue is the shade for the PNP as it resembles the blue in the US flag. Light blue is the choice for the PIP following their independent spirit.

Before 1952, police arrested anyone displaying the flag on charges of insubordination against the United States. When Puerto Rico became a Commonwealth that year, the flag became the island's official emblem.




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Page last modified: 06-05-2016 19:57:18 ZULU