Y-16 [ Boeing 737-400 ]
The Y-16 was to be a Chinese copy of Boeing 737-400, but it was not built. China has a large, highly visible role on the 737. Vertical fins are built in Xi'an; horizontal stabilizers are built in Shanghai. The section 48 is built in Shenyang. Forward entry door and over wing exit doors are built in Chengdu, and the tail cone, wing panels, fairings, and a variety of composite parts and panels are contracted for in Tianjin. Wire harnesses are produced in Langfang.
The Boeing 737 is the most successful commercial jetliner in the world, with over 3000 being flown by airlines on every continent (except Antarctica, of course). The second generation of 737s replaced the rather loud Pratt & Whitney JT-8 engines with the more economical and quieter CFM-56 engines, resulting in the unique squashed nacelle slung under the wing. The 737-400 was the longest variant of this second generation, and it quickly proved itself to be an excellent plane for passengers, crew, and the airlines.
China builds horizontal stabilizers, vertical fins, the aft tail section, doors, wing panels, wire harnesses and other parts on the Next-Generation 737; 747 trailing edge wing ribs; and 747-8 ailerons, spoilers and inboard flaps, and parts of the horizontal stabilizer. China also has an important role on the new 787 Dreamliner airplane, building the rudder, wing-to-body fairing panels, leading edge and panels for the vertical fin, and other composite parts.
On Jan. 20, 1997 China Yunnan Airlines, headquartered in Kunming, Yunnan Province, ordered two 737-300s, valued at approximately US$68 million, Boeing Commercial Airplane Group today confirmed. The company's first two announced airplane orders in 1997 have come from airlines in China, with Air China placing an order for two 747s earlier this July. "As the most reliable airplane in its class, the 737 is the perfect choice for China Yunnan," said President Xue Xiaoming of China Yunnan Airlines. "We are very pleased to add two more 737s to our all-Boeing fleet," he added. The airplanes, powered by CFM56-3 engines, are scheduled for delivery in 1997.
China Yunnan Airlines offered service to most major destinations within China and several cities in Southeast Asia including Bangkok and Singapore. The two new 737-300s will allow the airline to add new destinations and increase frequency to existing ones. "Airlines are developing a market advantage in China by investing in new Boeing equipment which allows them to provide a high-quality service," said Larry Dickenson, vice president, International Sales, Asia/Pacific, Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. "This order is a strong vote of confidence by Yunnan in Boeing airplanes as a contributor to the airline's business objectives."
China Yunnan Airlines operated 10 Boeing 737s and two 767-300s. The airline is scheduled to take delivery of an additional 767-300 later this July. Airlines in China had taken delivery of more than 250 Boeing airplanes, representing more than 60 percent of the market for Western-built commercial jet aircraft. China's airlines took delivery of 19 Boeing airplanes in 1996 - 8 percent of the company's output.
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