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V856 Xing Fengshan

Electronic reconnaissance ships can receive and record electromagnetic wave signals emitted by electronic equipment such as radio communications, radar, and weapon control systems, ascertain the technical parameters and tactical performance of these electronic equipment, and obtain military intelligence such as radio communications and radar systems of the other party. Electronic reconnaissance ships are naval service ships used for electronic technology reconnaissance. Equipped with radio receivers, radar receivers, terminal demodulation and recording equipment, signal analysis instruments and receiving antennas in various frequency bands, and some are also equipped with electronic interference equipment.

The electronic reconnaissance ship is a naval service ship used for electronic technology reconnaissance. The electromagnetic signals and data collected by the electronic reconnaissance ship are very important for deciphering enemy encryption signals, exploring the law of enemy communication frequency bands, and studying targeted interference methods. The role. The full-load displacement is generally more than 500 tons, the large-scale is about 4,000 tons, and the speed is less than 20 knots. It can carry out electronic reconnaissance on harbor targets or marine vessels on the ocean for a long time.

Due to the high requirements for electronic equipment development and shipbuilding, the countries that have the ability to build electronic reconnaissance vessels are very rare. Only China, the United States, Russia, Japan and some European countries can rely on their own strength to build electronic reconnaissance vessels. When China began to build electronic measurement ships, similar ship types in the United States, Russia, and France in the world had been in service for many years, but large parabolic antennas were used, plus many small antennas. The entire hull surface was covered by various antennas. It is full and very bloated, which is very unfavorable for ocean navigation under high sea conditions.

The Xing Fengshan electronic surveillance ship is reportedly based on the Dalang class submarine rescue ships. It was built in the late 1980s and only one ship (pennant 856) of this class entered service, performing ELINT duties. These reconnaissance vessels appeared less sophisticated. Completed during 198287, Xing Fengshan (5,500 tons) and the armed icebreakers Yanbing 723 and Yanha 519, 721, and 722 initiated regular patrols, including ice patrols, into the Sea of Japanand the Yellow Sea, monitoring US, South Korean, Japanese, and Russian naval activities.

Fengshan may refer to Feng Shan, a Chinese religious ritual, Fengshan County of Guangxi Province, or any numbre of lesser jurisdictions. Feng Chan is a ceremony in which the emperor was ordered to the world. This ritual originated in the Spring and Autumn Warring States period, when Qi Lu Confucians believe that Tai was the highest mountain in the world, so the world's highest emperor should be at the highest mountain for this supreme sacrifice to the gods. The first person to actually hold the Ceremony was Emperor Qin Shihuang . In the third year after Qin Shihuang unified the world in 219 BC years, he discussed the meditation ceremony with Qilu Confucianism. The doctors had been talking about it, but there were no specific ritual procedure. Emperor Qin Shihuang borrowed the original ritual of the Qin State in the city of Yucheng to worship God, first to the Taishan line of rituals, and then to the father of the meditation. Later, the ceremony of Qi and Lu sacrificed Mount Taishan was expanded to the hope of the unified empire, and was named "Fang Chan". In the word "Fang Chan", the seal is the meaning of worshipping the heavens, and Chan is the meaning of the sacrifice of the land.

V856 Xing Fengshan of the 1980s should not be confused with Kaiyang Star ship, No. 856, a new generation of electronic reconnaissance ship independently developed by China. On the morning of January 10, 2017, the Type 815A electronic reconnaissance ship Kaiyang Star (ship number 856) was named and the flag-giving ceremony was held at a military port in Qingdao, marking that the ship officially joined the People's Navy's battle sequence. After being enlisted, the ship belonged to a combat support ship detachment of the North Sea Fleet. Navy and Beihai Fleet agencies, It can carry out all-weather, uninterrupted reconnaissance on various targets within a certain range, and grasp its deployment trends. Kaiyangxing is an 815A electronic reconnaissance ship. According to a modern navy report, it has a total displacement of 6,000 tons and a maximum speed of 20 kknots.

While Chinese open source reporting is pretty chatty about some aspects of the early years of Chinese ELINT ships, the V856 Xing Fengshan has pretty much vanished without a trace. There are no more than fragmentary attestations of "fact of" with no further information, and not even a single photograph. The reported displacement of 5,500 tons was rather hefty compared to the dreadfully well attested Type 814 Dadie / Beidiao of 2,500 tons, and one would expect that greater displacement would translate into greater capacity and performance. This was the case with the very successful 6,000-ton Type 815 Dongdiao class which came along a decade later. The fact that the hull number of the first V856 was recycled with the second 856 of the Type 815 class suggests that the antecedent was successful, but the story of this ship remains to be told.



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Page last modified: 25-12-2019 18:43:33 ZULU