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Yulin / Sanya / Yalong Bay (1817'15"N 10927'49"E)

The Yulin Naval Base (also known as Sanya Naval Base) is located in Sanya, on Hainan Island. The original Yulin base was mainly served as a conventional submarine facility. In recent years, the naval base has expanded into the nearby Yalong Bay. Yalong Bay Base is the largest nuclear submarine base in Asia, and there is also an aircraft carrier base nearby. On the east side of the bay, there are four trestles for submarines, each with a length of 229 meters. A total of 16 submarines can be berthed.

There are four main reasons why China chose Yalong Bay as a base: First, the average depth of the South China Sea exceeds 1000 meters, and the maximum depth exceeds 5000 meters, which is suitable for nuclear submarine activities; You can enter the deep sea soon; third, Yalong Bay is far away from Japan and the United States, and it is not easy for Japanese and American anti-submarine aircraft to fly to this area; You can use the deep water and commercial ship noise in this area to enter the Pacific Ocean to perform cruise missions.

The South China Sea continental shelf and ocean ocean floor environment creates very favorable conditions, for Chinese submarine operations, so the South China Sea has become an important position of the Chinese navy underwater operations. The first island islands area includes Taiwan, and Japan's intensive deployment of the P3C patrol of the submarine zone. In this case, even if a submarine could reach a designated area for operations, it would face an unfavorable situation which would greatly weaken China's naval submarine force combat capability.

It is reported that the US Navy intelligence agency said China in Sanya City, Hainan Province, the construction of Asia's largest nuclear submarine base. Allegedly, China's naval base in Sanya, Hainan, the deployment of the PLA's latest nuclear submarines, and China's new nuclear submarines, can carry the JL-2 submarine-launched intercontinental ballistic missiles a range of more than eight thousand kilometers.

Richard D. Fisher Jr notes that the PLAN is investing heavily in new basing and naval logistic support capacities. The most noteworthy has been a new large base near the resort city of Sanya on Hainan Island. This base features a prominent underground facility for submarines. In early 2008 Janes [Secret sanya: China's new nuclear naval base revealed - Jane's Intelligence Review p50-53 May 2008] used DigitalGlobe imagery to identify progress on the main opening of this facility and to identify other access points. This base also features new large docks and a new loading pier capable of handling aircraft carrier size ships.

Fisher noted that "The PLANs buildup at Sanya may soon lead to a greater effort by the PLA to militarily exploit its outposts in the Paracel and Spratly Islands, perhaps to sustain seabed and radar sensors to help create a bastion for the safe operation of new SSBNs. This would likely increase Chinas sensitivity over this region and perhaps lead to stronger efforts to exclude foreign naval forces from the critical sea lanes of the South China Sea."

In mid-2015 China finished the world's longest aircraft carrier dock at the naval complex in Sanya. The 700 metre-long dock was the People's Liberation Army Navy's second aircraft carrier base, Canada-based Kanwa Asian Defence reported, adding that the facility could service carriers on both sides of the dock at the same time. China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, home ported at the northern Dalian naval base, docked for the first time at the Sanya complex on 29 November 2013 before heading off to a training exercise in the South China Sea.

Located 11 km (6.8 miles) northwest of Sanya city, Sanya Phoenix Airport is a convenient airport, serving 80 destinations, including 57 cities (including Hong Kong and Macao) in China, and 23 cities in foreign countries. Although Sanya is sometimes listed as a PLAN Naval Air Station, there is no "military side" to this airfield, and there are no military aircraft in evidence. Instead, the Naval aviation facility is at the Sanya/Yaxian airfield, which is of indifferent appearance. Parts are run-down, with little ORBAT in evidence, though there are a handful of possible Flanker hangars.

Missile destroyer Changsha returned to port in Sanya City, south China's Hainan Province, March 7, 2017, after a high sea drill. A Chinese naval fleet returned to a port in Sanya city on Hainan Island after a high sea drill. The fleet, which was comprised of missile destroyers Changsha and Haikou and supply ship Luomahu, had sailed over 8,000 nautical miles since Feb. 10, passing the South China Sea, East Indian Ocean, West Pacific and East China Sea.

Sanya is the southernmost city in Hainan province, China. It has an area of 1919.6 square kilometers. With six gorgeous bays, it boasts the best white-sand beach and turquoise sea water in Asia. This coastal city is nestling among hills, with two quiet rivers running through it. Several little islands are scattered in the South Sea off the city. The highest elevation of Sanya is the Luhuitou Peak Park that overlooks the whole city.

The southern coast has several sandy beaches. Yalong, Dadonghai (grand east sea), Sanya, Haitang, and Yazhou are the five major bays in Sanya. At the southernmost point is Jingmu Cape, which is a popular sunset viewing point.

One of the most popular tourist areas in Sanya is Yalong Beach, perhaps owing to the easy access to its wide and long beach. This is the most beautiful place in Sanya to feel the white sand between your toes and splash in the waves. Most of Sanya's nightlife and cheap shopping places are located in the downtown area.

Other popular beaches are located south of on both side of Yalong Beach. Haitang Beach are generally much less developed than Yalong Beach, and sought out by individuals, families and other groups with a preference for more relaxed and less crowded environment than Yalong Beach and Dadonghai Beach. There are several coral islands to the south of Sanya, the Wuzhizhou Islands lies near Haitang Beach, and West Island near Sanya Bay. Both islands are suitable for diving.

The ancient name of Sanya is Yazhou (literally means cliff state). Her history can be dated back to Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC, more than 2200 years ago). Since then, it is always within the territory of the following dynasties of China. Being the tropical Ultima Thule of China, it is so remote from the capital of China. Therefore it is always called Tianyahaijiao, which means the end of the sky and ocean in Chinese. Some Prime ministers in various dynasties were here in exile. In Tang Dynasty, an enlightened monk named Jiangzhen accidently sailed here and used this place as one of his harbors for his long Buddhism-missionary journey to Japan.

Under the Qing Dynasty [16441911], Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was the administration center of Ya State (Cliff State), which was under the administrative supervision of Qiong State and Guangdong Province. In 1905, Ya State was renamed Zhili State.

Sanya is now undoubtedly on of the best destinations for tour, vacation and leisure time in China. Being the only tropical coastal city of tourism, Sanya is a garden city all year round, a center of fashion business and exhibition, a city of leisure time and activities, and a place boasting the longevity of its residents.

Sanya is superb as a tropical garden city of good environment. It is a sunny city that has more than 300 days of sunlight in a year. Warm winters and not-so-hot summers guarantee that this place has blooming flowers all year round. The rate of forest cover in the area of Sanya is 64.4%, and the public green space cover in the urban area is 44.6%. The quality of air and environment of Sanya ranks first among all cities in China. According to the air quality survey over 148 cities of 45 countries by the UN from 1998 to 2003, Sanya claims the first place in Asia, and second place in the world.

Sanya submarine base Sanya submarine base Sanya submarine base

Sanya submarine base Sanya submarine base

A satellite image of the American company Planet Labs showed what appears to be a submarine on the island of Hainan, in the South China Sea. The submarine appears to be a nuclear attack, type 093, and is entering a tunnel to an underground pier at Yulin Naval Base. The Chinese have tremendous experience in building underground facilities. Military equipment such as submarines and missile systems are hidden there. The Yulin base, on the southern tip of Hainan Island and almost 470 km southwest of Hong Kong, is one of China's main facilities to protect its naval resources.

The subject was immediately compared to the one seen in a spy movie: One Twitter user simply posted the words "Bond, James Bond" in response to a photograph. Others referred to the fictional Nautilus from Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. Drew Thompson, a former US Department of Defense staff member now at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore, noted that a photograph of a submarine is rare. It's unusual for a commercial satellite to hover over her at the right time on a cloudless day, he said.

It offers an intriguing snapshot of what is a key home port for many ships and submarines in Chinas South Sea Fleet, which is predominately focused on the South China Sea a venue of growing rivalry between China and the United States. China has shown an increasing determination to assert its sweeping sovereignty claims in those strategic waters, and the U.S. has been flexing its own military muscle in response. Two tugboats are also visible in an Aug. 18 photo. In an Aug. 19 image, they appear to be pushing what looks to be the same submarine towards a pier.

Capt. Christopher Carlson, a retired officer of the United States Navy Reserve, who examined the image, said the Type 093 would have exited backward out of the tunnel entrance of the bunker, aided by the tugboats a typical maneuver. Given the narrow aperture of the tunnel, you are just asking for trouble for a submarine to leave the tunnel under its own power, he said, pointing out the tight fit would also make it unlikely the submarine could safely use its nuclear reactor. "Most people don't realize submarines maneuver like pigs on the surface. With about half your rudder out of the water, wagging about in the air, this doesn't leave a lot of control surface to effect steering, said Carlson, who now works with a wargame publisher, the Admiralty Trilogy Group.

The Type 093 is one of Chinas more advanced submarines, although it is currently developing bigger, stealthier subs to replace it, including an improved version called the Type 093B. Experts say there are only known to be six Type 093 submarines in service with Chinas navy. The vessel is primarily meant to attack other ships and submarines, depending on which variant is deployed.

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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:08:23 ZULU