Shanghai Aviation Industry (Group) Co., Ltd.
Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Factory (SAMF)
COMAC Final Assembly Center
As of 2010 Shanghai Aviation Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of COMAC. It is mainly engaged in non-core businesses of COMAC, such as asset management, administrative services, popularization of aviation science, and logistic services with civil aircraft as freight carriers. Shanghai Aviation Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd. (SAIC) of China is a state owned company of limited liability invested and established by China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC).
Among the subordinate enterprises of SAIC, at one time there were Shanghai Aircraft Manufacture Factory, Shanghai Aircraft Research Institute, Shanghai Aeroengine Manufacture Factory and Shanghai International Aero-Technology Trade Company. With regard to Shanghai Aircraft Manufacture Factory, Shanghai Aeroengine Manufacture Factory and Shanghai International Aero-Technology Trade Company, SAIC implements an administrative regime of parent-subsidiary form according to the system and mechanism for the management, monitor and operation of state asset.
Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Co.,Ltd.(SAMC) is the final assembly and manufacturing center of COMAC and one of COMAC's three key centers. It is mainly responsible for the final assembly of regional jet and large aircraft,and manufacturing core components. SAMC (formerly the Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Factory, established in 1950), successfully developed China's first large trunk liner, the Y-10, co-manufactured with McDonnell Douglas 35 MD-82/83 aircraft, and completed, as a principal manufacturing factory, 2 MD-90 trunk liners, 70% of whose aerostructures were localized.
SAMC took shape and evolved through the development of large commercial aircraft. Government interest in an indigenous commercial aircraft began in 1970 when SAIC began R&D on the 170-seat, 110 ton Yun-10 (Y-10), comparable to the Boeing 707. SAIC independently researched and manufactured the Y-10 large commercial aircraft. Two prototypes were built, and trial flights were successfully carried out in early 1980s. However, the program was terminated in 1983 due to lack of interest among China's commercial airlines and reduction in central government funding.
On April 12th 1985, the former McDonnell Douglas Corp. of the United States and Shanghai Aviation Industry Cooperation came to an agreement, that 25 of total 26 MD82 bought from McDonnell Douglas would be assembled in Shanghai. At the bottom of the year 1985, the first batch of MD82 components arrived Shanghai. On June 30th 1986, the first MD82 assembled in Shanghai rolled out, and made its first flight on July 2nd 1986. Up to 1994, a total of 35 ship sets of MD-82/MD-83 had been satisfactory completed, among them, the 5 ships of MD-83 were sold back to America. At the same time, SAIC's offset production of aviation parts had also been quickly developed, up to the August 1999, the company had delivered 3819 sets of MD-82's and MD-90's horizontal stabilizer, landing gear door, service door and so on to Boeing's Long Beach Division of the United States. For the nose landing gear door, main landing gear door, after service door, inner flap support and MD-80's horizontal stabilizer, SAIC is the unique supplier.
In the cooperation, SAIC successfully introduced and implemented advanced foreign management experience, established process management system and the complete quality assurance system according to FAR's requirements, which make our work be specilization, standardization, processization and systematization, and ensure the quality of the produced aircraft. On 12 December 1986, the first MD82 in China began its service on Dalian, and on October 27th 2008, MD82 as flight CZ3836 landed at Hainan Sanya Phoenix Intl. Airport, completed its last commercial flight over China.
According to AVIC I's arrangement, SAIC was co-producing two ships of MD-90 with Boeing's Long Beach Division. In the new round of cooperation, XAC, CAC, SAC and SAIC undertook together 70% of airframe manufacture work-share, SAIC was the main manufacture of Trunkliner MD-90 and responsible for the aircraft final assembly and the management and control of the three suppliers XAC, CAC, SAC. So, SAIC established supplier management and control system according to FAA's requirements.
Up to the August 1999, SAIC had delivered 3819 sets of MD-82's and MD-90's horizontal stabilizer, landing gear door, service door and so on to Boeing's Long Beach Division of the United States. For the nose landing gear door, main landing gear door, after service door, inner flap support and MD-80's horizontal stabilizer, SAIC is the unique supplier. In the cooperation, SAIC has successfully introduced and implemented advanced foreign management experience, established process management system and the complete quality assurance system according to FAR's requirements, which make our work be specilization, standardization, processization and systematization, and ensure the quality of the produced aircraft.
The offset production of aviation parts has also been further expanded. SAIC obtained a contract for producing 1,500 sets of B737-700's horizontal stabilizer and already delivered two sets of the horizontal stabilizer to Boeing. The quality assurance system has been approved for Boeing's D1-9000 advanced quality system. For the Next-Generation 737, Shanghai Aviation Manufacturing Corp. makes horizontal stabilizers.
In April 2008 Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Factory (SAMF) became a supplier to Airbus on Friday when it delivered its first set of cargo door frames for the Airbus A320 family of aircraft to the French company. the delivery was realized through the joint efforts of the two companies that started at the end of 2005. The following February, the companies, together with China National Aero-Technology Import and Export Corporation, signed a related contract worth about 16 million U.S. dollars. In 2008 SAMF planned to deliver 22 cargo door frames to Airbus. In 2009, the production would increase to 12 units per month.
On April 29, 2009 Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Factory (SAMF) delivered the 1,500th shipset of B737-NG horizontal stabilizers to Boeing. Horizontal stabilizers are placed at the rear of an aircraft and provide stability while the aircraft is flying straight. SAMF signed a follow-on contract in April 2008 to supply another 1,400 shipsets to Boeing. The factory is now able to produce 24 shipsets a month. SAMF also produces doorframes for Airbus A320 freighters.
The ARJ21 regional jet is being developed independently by China. It will be the first Chinese aircraft to be sold to Europe and the United States. Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China Ltd. (COMAC) unveiled its manufacturing and assembling center in Shanghai on June 07, 2009, the latest step towards the goal to manufacture China's homegrown large aircraft. The Final Assembly Center of the COMAC was based on the Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Co., with a registered capital of two billion yuan (292.7 million U.S. dollars). It was one of the COMAC's three key entities which were responsible for aircraft design, manufacturing and service. The Final Assembly Center's new base in Shanghai's Pudong area was constructed within the year. By 2010, the center was able to produce 30 ARJ21-700 model planes a year, and the capacity will be expanded to 50 jets by 2012. Final assembly of China's new regional jet, the ARJ-21, began after the completion of its key components -- the wings and fuselage. The wings and fuselage, made by Xi'an Aircraft Industry (Group) Corporation Limited in northwest China's Shaanxi Province, were delivered to Shanghai Aviation Industry (Group) Company. China's first home-grown regional jet, ARJ21-700, rolled off the production line in Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Factory on 22 December 2007.
On 07 April 2011 diversified industrial manufacturer Eaton Corp announced it had formed a conveyance joint venture with Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Co to support China's C919 jet project. The joint venture will design, develop, produce and support fuel and hydraulic conveyance systems for the C919 single-aisle commercial aircraft. The program for the C919 conveyance systems is estimated at US$1.8 billion, based on an anticipated volume of 2,500 aircraft. The venture's future plans include supplying conveyance systems to other aircraft and engine makers worldwide. SAMC, a subsidiary of C919 maker Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, owns 51 percent of the venture, with Eaton taking the balance.
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