Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


CM-102 / PL-16 anti-radiation missile

The PLAAF hopes that with the introduction of the PL-16, the conventional arsenal of China's air forces will be competitive in comparison to Western peers. The PL-16 has been developed in two models, the PL-16A and PL-16B, though this information is poorly attested.

The PL-16A is 6 meters long, with 4 tail control fins coupled with TVC and is significantly longer and thicker than PL-12 with a diameter 300mm. As the result it cannot be carried internally by the 4th generation fighters such as J-20 but is expected to be carried externally by 3.5th generation long-range fighters/interceptors such as J-11D and J-16. However it may still be carried externally by J-20 underneath its wings. The missile is propelled by a dual pulse rocket motor with a ramjet engine, with the body enables a smaller drag due to its slim design.

The PL-16A flies a semi-ballistic trajectory in order to achieve an extra long range (range>400km+, speed>Mach 4, cruising altitude 30km). PL-16A features an advanced guidance system including a two-way datalink and a new active AESA seeker with enhanced ECCM capability. Before the launch the missile must obtain the target information via datalink from an AWACS (KJ-2000), a land-based long-range radar or even a satellite. The launch aircraft disengages right after releasing the missile.

After the initial ascent stage, the missile may use Beidou/GPS+INS+datalink guidance during the mid-course cruising stage. At the terminal diving stage, in combination with the AESA seeker, it may also use an IIR seeker as indicated by a small optical window in its nose, which further increases its kill probability amid severe jamming. Therefore this VLRAAM could pose a serious threat to high-value aerial targets deep behind the enemy line such as AWACS and tankers, and currently is the only type in this class.

In 2011 China achieved what some foreign experts once thought was impossible it has independently developed a next-generation air-to-air missile without assistance from foreign specialists or borrowed technology. Designed by Fan Huitao, Chief designer of China Airborne Missile Academy and the deputy director of the Air-to-Air Missile Research Institute under the Aviation Industry Corporation of China, the missile, known as the "Key Model," successfully passed the designed type approval test and achieved an excellent result, with all seven missiles hitting their targets.

Its successful development indicated that China already fully possessed the ability to independently develop internationally-advanced air-to-air missiles. It is a historic breakthrough in China's air-to-air missile development and has met the Chinese Air Force's requirement for the model to be designed, produced, delivered and made combat effective within one year. The new missile offers the military and country another trump card. The Key Model is an international-advanced AAM model. It is a secret weapon for gaining air superiority. It plays a crucial role in reinforcing the power of national defense and strengthening the influence of China.

However, it is very hard to develop and only a few developed countries around the world possess such a capability. The complicated system of the model and the high-grade, high-precision and advanced technologies needed to develop it has never been seen in the development of other models. Foreign military experts once believed that employing foreign specialists as chief designers was the only way for China to succeed. Even some Chinese experts believed that the success rate of developing this kind of missile was not high when relying only on the current technical conditions of China. This was because China did not have any documents to refer to and could not use a shortcut.

The successful completion of the missile is the culmination of Fan Huitao's career in the aviation industry. After Fan graduated from Northwestern Poly-technical University with a major in aircraft engines in April 1986, he went to Luoyang and devoted himself to the field of air-to-air missiles. In 2000, Fan took over as the chief model designer and began to lead a group in researching China's new-generation air-to-air missile.

PL-16B / CM-102

The PL-16B variant will be 4 meters in length and 350 mm in diameter. With this new missile introduced into service as a long-range anti-radiation weapon. It will be used for going after ground and surface-based radar threats as well in the high-speed anti-radiation missile (HARM) role. Coupled with and flown on the J-16 is especially relevant is in developing suppression of enemy air defenses role.

CM-102 anti-radiation missiles equip combat aircraft and have a range of 100 kilometers. They are mainly used to attack enemy's various air defense, guidance, and fire control radars, and are used for air defense suppression. They have the advantages of long range, wide enveloping envelope, and high accuracy of hitting. The CM-102 anti-radiation missile adopts a side wing instead of the LD-10 delta wing. The advantage of the side wing is that the center of gravity of the missile and the center of lift will not change drastically with distance, speed, and altitude. Improve the missile's static stability, thus improving the maneuverability of missiles. The wings of the wings are smaller in size and smaller in wave resistance, which is conducive to rapid acceleration after the launch of missiles. In addition, the size of the missiles is small and they are easily installed in the fourth generation [is, 5th Generation, wtih Chinese characteristics] fighter jet internal bay.

The Chinese CM-102 Air Launched Supersonic Anti-Radiation Missile was unveiled at China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition 2014 (Airshow China 2014). It was being offered for export along with JF-17 Thunder Fighter Jet, JH-7A Flying Leopard fighter bomber aircraft for Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD) role. It has maximum range of 100 km and it can carry a of 80kg with an accuracy of over 7m. The CM-102 Air Launched Supersonic Anti-Radiation Missile will empoy Passive radar homing with home-on-jam, GPS/INS.

In 2016, Chinese sources reported that China had developed a high speed anti radiation missile. The PL-16 performance was said to surpass the US AGM-88 anti radiation missile. Russian military officials also have been very interested in how the Chinese punctured the Aegis defense systems. The United States warship in 1960s and 1970s had difficulty coping with the Soviet anti-ship "saturation attack" from all sides.

The Type PL-16 Chinese high-speed anti radiation missile has anti-radar equipment for advanced defense system with a seeker frequency range 0.8 ~ 20GHZ. This is currently the most wide of all anti radiation missiles, to attack airborne, shipborne, vehicle and ground fixed radars. It is said to be the "radar killer".

That said, the US Aegis defense system is the key of the American radar system and provides very reliable performance. But a China PL-16 high speed anti radiation missile "saturation attack" might render it incapable of action. This will pose a serious threat to the US Aegis destroyers and aircraft carrier safety. Therere are rumors that Russia had a contract with China to exchange the SU-35 fighter for China's new missile technology, but China has rejected this request, and ultimately delayed the signing of the SU-35 aircraft contract.

Of course, increasing the range of the PL-16 in testing, if successful, would have the ability to accurately and quickly attack at a range of 120--250 km (formerly a range of 80 km or so) of the radiation target any valuable, enemy air warning, land-based large defense radar station will face a severe challenge. Therefore, this will be closely watching us, and instructed the relevant agencies have in-depth investigation.

Anti-radiation missile technology has a history of several decades, but it is still in the hands of a few countries. In the past, people thought that China did not possess this technology. When talking about it, it was often only thought of the US-made "Hamm" anti-radiation missile. In fact, it has been fully grasped. The Chinse military-listed Eagle 91 missile is classified as an anti-ship missile. It is actually an anti-radiation missile, but it has an anti-ship type. The 2016 Zhuhai Air Show was not the first time the CM102 anti-radiation missile participated in an airshow. The difference was that this time there was a new development. It was only a model. Now it became a physical object and appears next to the participating fighter planes, which means that it has already been researching models.

According to the display panel, it is a supersonic missile. This point can be seen from its appearance. The use of a wing fin at the rear of the middle of the missile body and an air rudder at the tail of the bullet not only helps to reduce the supersonic resistance, but also improves maneuverability. Well, maybe it can reach the maximum speed of 3 Mach. In addition, the wings of the wing are relatively small and have a small size, which is quite convenient for hanging into the built-in bullet chamber. Unfortunately, there were no parameters such as the length of the missile and the weight. However, from the physical display of the scene, this point is no problem.

From the field comparison, it is much smaller than the C802AKG missile, and it is also much smaller. The C802 has a length of 6392 mm, a diameter of 360 mm, and a weight of 715 kg. If it is of the empty type, its length should be only 5.145 meters and 530 kilograms, then observers speculated about 4 meters, 250 mm in diameter, and weigh less than 300 kilograms, even smaller than the American HARM. The performances introduced on the display panel are: Range 100 km, Warhead weight 80 kg, these two indicators are not worse than the American HARM, HARM's maximum range is 80 km, and the warhead weight is about 66 kg.

It is mainly used to attack the other partys various air defense weapon system guidance and warning, and guide the radar, etc., in order to implement the suppression of the air defense system and provide protection for air operations. The other side either turned on the radar, recruited it to be destroyed, or the radar turned off. It couldn't fight against the air anyway.

The so-called anti-radiation missile is actually a radar suppression weapon. It tracks the signal emission source of the guidance or warning radar. So its core equipment: a passive guidance system, the working frequency of the guidance head can cover 2-18G frequency, which is equivalent to covering S. Radars to the Ku-band range basically involve all the frequencies used by modern fire-control radars, and beyond this range they either do not have the ability to guide attacks, such as meter radars, or do not have sufficient working distances, such as millimeter-wave radars. Existing passive radars do not actually have the ability to guide attacks.

It hits the standard radar target with an error of only 7 meters. It is an extremely high level for anti-radiation missiles. An 80-kilogram warhead is enough to destroy all types of guided radars, causing at least unrepairable damage to large-scale radars. It can usually be scrapped directly. In any case, the radar is completely out of combat.

From the numbering, it is a foreign trade model. The Xiaolong fighter has another new weapon that can absolutely restrain its opponents. In combat, as long as the radar of the other party is turned on, it is looking for a radar signal to find the radar and destroy it. These developments are absolutely good news for the Pakistan Air Force. It is absolutely full of joy.

the CM-102 anti-radiation missile is still beyond certain deficiencies and needs to be improved in the future. These deficiencies include the fact that the range is still close to the point of view, considering the 100 km range of the CM-102 anti-aircraft anti-radiation missile. The early models of the three generations of air defense missiles, such as the S-300PMU and the Patriot PAC-1, can be dealt with, but the improved models that deal with these missiles are still unable to handle. The range of the S-300PMU-1 and the Patriot PAC-2 has been raised to more than 150 kilometers. In this way, with a shorter range, the CM-102 may not be able to attack these missiles.

The seeker frequency is still relatively narrow. From the publicly available data, the CM-102 air defense anti-radiation missile passive guidance system covers the range of 2-20GHz, which is the SX band, and the frequency of most of the long-range air-defense radars is lower. The L-band and even the P and UHF and VHF bands are such that the CM-102 does not have the capability to combat these air-defence warning radars, thereby greatly weakening its combat capabilities. In comparison, the passive guidance system of the Hamm missile covers the missile system. The range is much greater, it can reach 0.8GHZ down, that is below the L band, so you can attack the long-range air defense warning radar, so the CM-102 may also need to expand its own passive guidance system capabilities, increase the scope of use, improve combat ability.

CM-102 / PL-16 CM-102 / PL-16 CM-102 / PL-16




NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list


Unconventional Threat podcast - Threats Foreign and Domestic: 'In Episode One of Unconventional Threat, we identify and examine a range of threats, both foreign and domestic, that are endangering the integrity of our democracy'


 
Page last modified: 02-06-2018 18:26:37 ZULU