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PGZ-04 / 95-type 25mm guns

The debut of the PGZ-04A 25mm gun combined with a self-defense system (formulated in 2004) is said to be an improved version of the 95-type 25mm gun combined self-defense system that appeared in the 1999 military parade. PGZ-04A self-propelled anti-aircraft gun modified version of the PGZ-95, the avant-garde-2 air defense missile (QW-2) was replaced with a new flying -6 anti-air missile (FN-6).

This type of ammunition combined with air defense systems is very effective against helicopter gunships and cruise missiles. For example, deploying two such systems can effectively intercept US and Taiwan cruise missiles and defend the mainland's military airports and other important military targets from threats.

PGZ-95 is a Chinese self-propelled anti-aircraft missile and gun complex developed by the Chinese company Norinco in the 1990s. Also known as Type 95. Designed to directly cover troops from enemy aircraft at the tactical level of the brigade / regiment. A number of these systems were released in the 1990s.

When developing a promising anti-aircraft self-propelled unit "Type 95" (its first prototypes were designated as "Type 90-II" and "Type 90-III"), the Chinese used the general principle and design of the Italian system SIDAM-25, made on the basis of a tracked BTR M113 and armed four 25-mm automatic guns from Oerlikon Contraves. It was reported that in the 1980s, the Chinese purchased at least one SIDAM-25 installation turret in Italy.

The Type 95 was first shown publicly in 1999 in Beijing during a military parade on the day China was established, although it was adopted by the PLA several years earlier. The number of units received by the troops is unknown, but they are regularly demonstrated at the exercises and maneuvers of the Chinese army. In addition, the Chinese national corporation NORINCO is trying to push the installation of the Type 95 into the foreign market.

Compared to China's previously equipped tactical anti-aircraft guns (both imitations of the former Soviet Union), the 95-type 25mm self-propelled artillery is much more efficient against modern low-speed flight targets and has all-weather combat capabilities. In addition, its 25mm automatic gun can also receive the fire support of the "Avant-garde-2" air defense missile (copying from the Russian "Needle-1" system), which can intercept aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles and none within 6 kilometers. Man-machine. The tracked chassis allows the PGZ-95 to maintain the same propulsion speed as the armored vehicle.

The Type 95 25mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun is equipped with a crawler-type chassis similar to the 88-type 155mm self-propelled artillery. The engine and transmission are located at the front of the vehicle body. The entire self-defense system is operated by three occupants, including one commander, one gunner and one driver, with a combat weight of 22.5 tons and a maximum combat radius of 450 kilometers. The driver's seat is on the left front side of the vehicle body, followed by the commander, who is responsible for locking the target and receiving information from the combat command vehicle to receive the target.

The upper part of the vehicle body is equipped with a 360-degree rotating turret with a weapon module and a fire control system. The PGZ-95's body is fully armored to withstand small-bore bullets and small shrapnel. A separate entry and exit hatch was also provided for the three occupants above the body and turret. In addition, a rear door for vehiclerying ammunition is provided at the rear of the vehicle body.

The 25mm double-barrel automatic gun equipped on the 95-type 25mm self-propelled artillery turret is very similar to the automatic gun (like the ZU-23-2 from Russia) equipped with the 87-type traction anti-aircraft gun. They are equipped with hydraulic transmissions. The door fire rate is 600-800 rounds/minute, the four-door high-alarm shots can reach 3000 rounds/minute, the shooting height is 2000 meters, and the range is 2500 meters. Each PGZ-95 has 1000 rounds of ammunition, which are stored in the cabin and have a special mechanical device for automatic loading. In addition to being used to combat aircraft, the system is equipped with an automatic gun that can effectively combat light armored vehicles and enemy forces.

Many aspects of the Type 95 turret are similar to the Otto Breda's Stam 25mm system in Italy. The Stam system is equipped with four Olken 25mmKBA cannons, each with a firing rate of 600 rounds per minute. The Stam system can be installed on tracked and wheeled chassis, and has also developed a model with the "post-launch" anti-aircraft missile. As of 1989, Italy had a total of 280 Stam 25mm systems with M113 armored vehicle chassis. In the mid-1980s, China acquired at least one Stam self-propelled artillery.

The 25mm caliber cannon equipped by the People's Liberation Army has a single-door firing rate of 600-800 rounds per minute and a total of 1000 rounds. After the shooting, the empty shell will be automatically thrown out of the turret. The "fire and forget" missile is believed to be the QW-2 missile developed by China Electronics Import and Export Corporation. The Russian SA-16 "hand turn" of the missile is very similar. The effective shooting height is 10m-3500m, and the oblique line range is 500m-6000m.

In the Type 95 system, the missile will be used to deal with long-range targets, while the 25mm cannon is responsible for helicopters and fighters within 2500m and below 2000m. The 25mm cannon can also be used to attack ground light armored combat vehicles. Optoelectronic control equipment is installed in front of the turret, including a TV tracking camera, an infrared tracking camera and a laser range finder. The information obtained by these devices will be transmitted back to the vehicle fire control computer for parameter calculation. When the target enters the range, the gunner can fire and fire. In addition, the gunner can use a handle to adjust the weapon to always aim at the target. A TV tracking device can automatically track targets with a maximum distance of 6000m, while the infrared tracking device has a maximum tracking distance of 5000m, and the laser range finder has a working range of 500m-5500m with an error of -5m.

The reaction time of the system is affected by several factors. According to North Industries, the reaction time is 10 seconds when using the radar search mode and 6 seconds when using the photoelectric system. There are three members of the 95-type (vehicle captain, driver, gunner), the total weight of the battle is 22.5 tons, and the maximum journey is 450 kilometers. The seat of the vehicle is close to the driver. The captain is responsible for commanding the entire vehicle to fight and receiving the target information from the command vehicle. The Type 95 is said to have the same chassis as the North Industries Corporation's PLZ45 155mm/45 self-propelled gun system. The system also entered service with a few years ago and was exported to Kuwait.

The reason for the choice of the 35mm wheeled self-propelled anti-aircraft gun is still unknown, but a generally accepted view may be that it has insufficient capabilities to deal with the new generation of armed helicopters. The new generation of armed helicopters in the new century has proliferated globally. Take the Apache armed helicopter as an example. It has been exported to dozens of countries around the world. Therefore, the army's medium-sized force air defense system needs to take into account against advanced armed helicopters such as Apache.

The main weapon of the Apache gunship is the Hellfire airborne anti-tank missile, which has a range of 8 kilometers, while the maximum range of the 35mm anti-aircraft gun is only about 5 kilometers, which cannot cover the range of the Hellfire missile. The Apache is also testing longer-range weapons, which will be put into practical use after 2020, so the Armys medium-sized force air defense system needed to consider countering these new threats, possibly considering these new missile threats. In this way, the 35mm wheeled self-propelled artillery had insufficient capability to deal with the new generation of airborne missiles, and its own cost was relatively expensive.

Taking these factors into account, the Army's medium-sized air defense force decided to choose the Hongqi 17A air defense missile as the backbone and backbone of the air defense system. The Hongqi 17A air defense missile is the largest. The range can reach more than 12 kilometers, can cover the range of the Hellfire missile, and it can be further increased in the future, and the 25mm 6-tube rapid-fire antiaircraft cannon is used as a supplement to deal with low-altitude short-range targets.

Type 95 PGZ-04A
Combat weight 22.5 tons 22.5 tons
Length 6.71m6.8m
Width 3.2m3.2m
High (radar on) 4.82m4.58m
High (radar retracted) 3.40m3.38m
Engine type diesel, liquid cooling diesel, liquid cooling
Suspension type individual torsion bar individual torsion bar
Maximum road speed 53km/h53km/h
Maximum range 450km450km
  • 4 x 25mm cannons
  • 12.7mm machine gun
  • 4 x QW-2 air defense missiles
  • 4 x 25mm cannons
  • 12.7mm machine gun
  • 4 x FN-6 air defense missiles
  • ammo guns: 1000guns: 1000;
    range, km:
  • guns - 0.2 - 2.5
  • MANPADS: 0.5 - 6.0
  • guns - 0.2 - 2.5
  • MANPADS: 0.5 - 6.0
  • PGZ-04 25mm SPAAG

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    Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:07:16 ZULU