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Military


Frigate Shipbuilding

FYPYearTOTALHudongJiang
nan
Huang
pu
Wuchang
Wuhan
Liaonan
Shipyard
5 1974__
1975__
19761 1
19773 3
19783 3
6 19791 1
19801 1
19811 1
1982__ 1
1983__
7 1984__
1985__
19862 2
19873 1 1
19881 ? 1
8 19891 ? 1
19913 3
19923 3
19933 3
19942 2
9 19952 2
19962 2
1997__
1998__
19991 1
10 20002 2
20011 1
20031 1
20041 1
20052 1 1
11 200621 FFG 1 FFG
200721 FFG 1 FFG
2008__
200931 FFG 2 FFG
201021 FFG 1 FFG
FYPYeartotalHudongJiang
nan
Huang
pu
Wuchang
Wuhan
Liaonan
Shipyard
12 20114 2 FFG 2 FFG
201211 2 FFG + 4 FFL 1 FFG + 2 FFL1 FFL 1 FFL
201312 1 FFG + 6 FFL 2 FFG 2 FFL 1 FFL
20148 2 FFL 1 FFG + 2 FFL2 FFL 1 FFL
201510 2 FFG + 1 FFL 1 FFG + 3 FFL2 FFL 1 FFL
13201613 1 FFG + 5 FFL .. 1 FFG + 3 FFL 1 FFL 2 FFL
20177 2 FFG + 1 FFL .. 2 FFG 2 FFL ..
201814 3 FFL .. 1 FFG + 3 FFL 4 FFL 3 FFL
201916 4 FFL 5 FFL 3 FFL 4 FFL
20204 2 FFG - 2 FFG
1420214 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20224 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20234 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20244 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20254 2 FFG - 2 FFG
1520264 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20274 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20284 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20294 2 FFG - 2 FFG
20304 2 FFG - 2 FFG
  • According to Asia Times
    article 4/28/2006, Hudong will build
    3 FFG in 2007 to 2009
  • Question marks denote ships
    that do not have years attached.
  • Tracking frigate shipbuilding is tricky. The definition of a "frigate" has evolved over time, as succesive classes have grown from the 1,500 ton Type 01 Chengdu of 1960 to the 4,300 ton Type 054 Jingkai of 2005, which during the 20th Century would have been classified as a destroyer. The problem becomees all the more interesting with the simultaneous production of the Type 056 Jingdao light frigate / corvette of 1,300 tons, and the 4,300 ton Jingkai, as was the case from 2012 through 2018. By the mid-1970s there were two shipyards producing frigates - Jiangnan and Hudong. Jiangnan got out of the frigate business in the 1980s and for some years Hudong retained a monopoly in the field, until it was joined by Hunagpu around 2003.

    The early years of building frigates (FF and/or FFG) began in the early 1960s with the FF Type 065 Jiangnan-class. Western sources diverge on what particular shipyards were involved, but the ones mentioned are the Guangzhou, Shantou, and Jiangnan shipyards. In the mid-to-late 1970s a second class was built at the Hudong shipyard, the FFG Type 053K Jiangdong-class. Serious production of FFGs began in 1976. From 1976 to 1987, the main shipyards involved in construction were Hudong and Jiangnan. Jiangnan shipyard produced thirteen frigates over an eleven year period between 1976 and 1987; one frigate, the Kaifeng was either renamed or scrapped. Jiangnan shipyard produced two more frigates sometime after 1987, with production rates averaging about one per year, it is speculated these two ships were built in 1988 and 1989. After 1987 Hudong continued to produce FFGs alone while the Jiangnan shipyard produced its first destroyer in 1996. Production during this period was rather sedate, typically two or three ships in a year, though some years saw one or even none.

    All this changed with the advent of the 12th Five Year Plan, which began in 2011. Production of the Type 054 Jingkai, which began in 2006, was supplemented in 2012 by the smaller Jingdao light frigate, which was produced at both the two legacy frigate yards [Hudong and Huagpu], as well as two yards that were new to the business - Wuchang and Lioanan. From 2012 through 2018, production at all four yards averaged about a dozen ships of both classes combined. The last Jingkai emerged in 2018, and the year 2019 witnssed an outburst of shipbuilding with 16 Jingdaos entering the water, no doubt in celetration of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic.

    One plausible prognostication would suggest that the legacy frigate shipyards had paused to re-tool in anticipation of initial production of the misleadingly labeled Type 054B Frigate [aka Type 057 Frigate], which may finally see the light of day in the year 2020. Possibly light frigate produciton will cease entirely at all four yards, with some 70 hulls in the water.

    Hudong Shipyard

    The Hudong Shipyard was founded in 1928 and is located on the eastern bank of the Huangpu River in Shanghai. The first known frigates to be completed from this shipyard were the FFG Type 053HT Jianghu-III and, the FFG Type 053HT-H Jianghu-IV; both were completed in 1986. Prior to this date, there were a total of six frigates produced; however, exact completion dates are unknown. In order to speculate on the build rates of the past, we will look to the build rates of the mid-1980s through 2005. From 1986 through 2005, a total of 23 frigates were produced; on average that is approximately one frigate per year. Working backwards then projecting one boat per year for the years prior to 1986, we speculate the completion of the first frigate at the Hudong shipyard was 1980. The frigates completed in 1984 and 1985 were sold to Egypt.

    This shipyard has maintained a build rate of one boat per year on average, despite a three per year for three years run in the early 1990s. It is projected that the Hudong shipyard can produce approximately one FFG every year. This shipyard has also proven, in relation to frigate building, that if necessary, it can produce three boats per year as meets P.L.A.N.'s requirements. As of 2006 there had been a total of nine frigates exported to three different countries, all of the Jianghu-class Type 053 and variants thereof. The following is a list of countries who have received frigates from China:

  • Two were delivered to Egypt in 1984 and 1985.
  • One has been delivered to Bangladesh in 1989.
  • Six were received by the government of Thailand; two in 1991; two in 1992; one in 1995, and another in 1996

    According to Jane's information Group, three frigates of the Jiangwei II class were to be built with construction beginning in 2007 and delivery planned for 2009. A fourth of this class was to be built in Pakistan with Chinese assistance to develop Pakistani indigenous shipbuilding.

    Huangpu Shipyard

    The Huangpu shipyard is located in Guangzhou in southern China. Construction on frigates began in 2001 on the Jiangwei-II class Type 057 with the first one being completed in 2003. Another was completed in 2004 with an additional three more to be built; however, construction of this class was expanded to a second yard and Huangpu shipyard built two of the three completing them in 2006. The shipyard also completed one of the new Jiangkai-class Type 054 in 2005.

    In the shipyards short time producing frigates, between 2001 and 2006, five frigates had been completed maintaining a build rate of approximately one FFG per year.




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    Page last modified: 06-09-2021 15:13:01 ZULU