Science-1 / Kexue-1
The Research Vessel KEXUE [Science] is one of the national major science and technology infrastructures to undertake multi-disciplinary deep ocean research. The ship was operated by the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. This research ship provided a state-of-the-art platform for researchers to address some of the world's most pressing environmental issues. "Science No. 1" has undertaken many national voyage projects and international cooperation projects. The trajectory covers the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The total voyage is more than 600,000 nautical miles. The development of science has made outstanding contributions.
The "Science No. 1" research ship was built in 1980 by Shanghai Hudong Shipyard. The ship is a 2,748 gross tonnage comprehensive ocean-going survey vessel, entering the CCS class, with a total length of 104 meters, a draft of 4.9 meters, a displacement of 3,324 tons, a main engine (diesel engine) of 5,280 horsepower and 2 units, a maximum speed of 19 knots and an economical speed of 15 knots. The minimum speed is 4.5 knots, the endurance is 8,000 nautical miles, the crew is 38, and the scientists are 63. The ship is equipped with advanced satellite navigation equipment and has undertaken many national voyage projects and international cooperation projects.
The vessel is equipped with 10 laboratories: a total area of 187 square meters. Among them, navigation and data collection room is 24.5 square meters; seismic room is 32.7 square meters; landform room is 22 square meters; magnetic and meteorological room is 17.9 square meters; wet room is 20.5 square meters; dry room is 22 square meters; gravity room is 22 square meters; Air gun room 8.4 square meters; air compressor room 8 square meters; data room 9.5 square meters.
The working deck is equipped with more than 10 winches of various performances such as 3000m hydrodynamic winch, 3000m CTD winch, 6000m CTD professional winch, 8000m hydraulic geological twisted 10,000m hydraulic traction geological winch; 1 set of inverted L-frame; equipped with 6 high-pressure air compressors and 12 high-pressure gas cylinders, providing a strong sound source guarantee for professional investigation.
China’s marine survey vessel “Science No. 1” sailed in the exclusive economic zone of Japan near Kumejima Island in Okinawa Prefecture at 10:20 am on 06 June 2011, the photo was provided by the 11th District Maritime Security Headquarters. According to the Japanese Kyodo News, Japan’s 11th District Naha Maritime Security Headquarters said that at about 10:12 am local time on the 6th, the Japan Coast Guard aircraft was in the northeast of Kume Island in Okinawa Prefecture. The "Japan's exclusive economic zone", about 102 kilometers north, found that China's "Science 1" marine survey vessel sailed in "a sea area different from the prior notice", and the stern also dragged objects with similar cables.
The Naha maritime security headquarters in Japan’s 11th district said that when the Haibao aircraft informed by radio that “the current sea area is outside the scope of the notified sea area”, the Chinese survey ship responded that it “is in the pre-announced sea area”. The security headquarters issued a “warning” to the survey vessel, stating that “the sea area survey is not allowed in a different scope than the prior approval” and continues to “monitor” with the patrol boat.
According to the report, this is the seventh time in 2011 that a Chinese marine survey vessel was found sailing in the waters near the county “without Japan’s consent” or in a sea area different from the scope of prior notification. The Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences said that the purpose of the "Science No. 1" marine survey vessel was to conduct marine scientific investigations and investigate nuclear pollution on the seabed, and has not yet received the entry of "Science No. 1". In addition, if the Chinese marine survey vessel needs to go to the relevant sea area to conduct operations, it will notify the country before the departure, so there is generally no such thing as “unauthorized driving into the territorial waters of other countries”.
On 01 June 2009, the "Science No. 1" marine science research ship successfully completed the 2009 open shared voyage (spring) inspection mission and returned to Qingdao smoothly. The director of the Ocean Institute, Sun Song, Li Tiegang, and the relevant directors of the Research and Development Department and the Research Office met at the dock, and expressed their thanks to all the staff members on behalf of the staff.
The 2009 China Marine scientific investigation open sharing voyage (spring) mission lasted 15 days, a range of about 2,800 nautical miles. This voyage is equipped with 47 scientists from the Institute of Oceanography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen University, Nanjing University, Yantai Coastal Zone Sustainable Development Research Institute, and the First Research Institute of the State Oceanic Administration. The survey area is located at 29 degrees - 35 degrees north latitude. The offshore waters of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea include marine hydrological observations, ocean currents and meteorological observations, marine and ecological chemical observations, and marine sediment sampling.
On 31 July 2010, the "Science No. 1" marine science research vessel of the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was opened to the public in Qingdao. The "Science No.1" research ship was built in 1980 by Shanghai Hudong Shipyard. It has a total length of 104 meters, a draught of 4.9 meters and a displacement of 3,324 tons. It has 10 laboratories equipped with advanced marine survey instruments and satellite communication and navigation systems. Comprehensive surveys on geology, geophysics, physical oceans, meteorology, chemistry, biology and environmental protection have repeatedly undertaken national major voyage projects and international cooperation projects.
The "Science 1" round was retired in 2016 and transformed into a science base to popularize marine science knowledge to the public and improve the scientific quality and scientific education concept of the whole people.
In 2017 the Institute of Ocean Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the China Association for Science and Technology co-sponsored the launch of the “Future Maritime Science City” at the China Science and Technology Museum. The land and sea interactive science has attracted a large number of visitors. On March 28, the National Tourism Administration and the Chinese Academy of Sciences jointly released the first batch of “China's Top Ten Science and Technology Tourism Bases”. The “Chinese Academy of Sciences Qingdao Ocean Scientific Research Ship”, undertaken by the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, became one of the first batch of finalists. As a modern port city surrounded by the sea on three sides, Qingdao has many scientific research vessels berthing here. The scientific research ship carries the dreams of scientists and explores the deep seas unknown to human beings, providing a powerful guarantee for the study and study of national marine science.
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