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HY-5 / HN-5 / HQ-5

Most experts believe that Chinas national defense air weapons are still very limited in their ability to confront most modern air targets (including cruise missiles). The US Department of Defenses "Annual Report on Chinas Military Power" stated that at present, China does not have a universal integrated national air defense system, only a simple tactical air defense system (TADS). The existing land-based air defense weapons can only complete critical air defense missions.

HY-5 (Hongying = Red Tassel) is a shoulder-held air defense missile. The application of the "HY" designation to a missile of this type is somewhat confusing to Westerners, since the other Chinese missiles using the "HY" designator are large coastal defense cruise missiles. The confusion is entirely of Western origin, since the Chinese characters for the Hai Ying [Sea Eagle] anti-ship missile and the Hong Ying [Red Tassel] anti-tank missile are readily distinguished.

Hongying 5 shoulder-mounted, code-named hn, is the first generation of portable air defense missiles developed by China. It is a light weapon that is easy to use, maintain and keep. It is carried by the archers back when marching and carried by the archer in combat On the shoulders, on open ground, trenches, swamps and roofs, and even on flat roads, armored vehicles traveling at low speeds can stand or kneel to shoot, with the suddenness of attacking targets. After the missile is launched, it will automatically track and destroy the target. It can carry out tail chase attacks on low-speed jets, propeller aircraft and helicopters, and can also conduct head-on attacks on low-speed helicopters and propeller aircraft.

The portable (shoulder-fired) surface-to-air missile is a very light air defense weapon. Although its range and height are very limited, it cannot beat a high-altitude fast-flying aircraft. However, it is sufficient to deal with helicopters and large fixed-wing aircraft in the take-off and landing phases of airports. Because the price of this weapon is not high, and the level of technology is not high, so many countries produce (including counterfeit production) this weapon. At the same time, the use of such weapons is relatively simple. Soldiers of guerrillas, militias, and armed organizations who do not have much formal training can quickly learn to use such weapons. Of course, the hit rate is another matter. The most famous portable shoulder-launched air defense missiles in the world include the American "Red Eye" and "Stinger", and the Soviet SAM types (including the Strela [Arrow] series and the Igla series).

The length of this type of air defense missile is 1440 mm, the diameter of the missile is 72.2 mm, the combat weight of the system is 16 kg, the combat height is 50-2500 meters, the combat distance is 800-4400 meters, the maximum target speed (tail chase attack) is 260 meters per second, and the maximum target speed (Head-on attack) 150 meters per second. Guidance mode: passive infrared homing.

In 1975, the State Council and the Central Military Commission issued the task of developing the "Hongying-5" surface-to-air missile. "Hongying No. 5" is a single-soldier portable ultra-low-altitude air defense missile weapon system. Zhu Yuchi and Xiao Lin successively served as chief designers. From 1982 to 1983, the finalization test was carried out, and the launch test was a complete success. In 1979, it was decided to develop and improve the "Hong Ying No. 5 Armor" all-weather, infrared homing individual shoulder-launched air defense missile. The design was finalized in 1985.

The Chinese HN-5 designation (Hong Ying-5 / Red Tassel) covers a series of ground-air very short range of first-generation shoulder-fired fire-and-forget missiles. It is based on the 1960s Soviet technology and its head was a direct copy of the SA-7A, itself largely inspired by the US Redeye. Indeed, the North Vietnamese (which faced US during the Viet Nam war) gave a copy of the 'Grail' to China, asking the PRC to produce and deliver them. Hongying 5 shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles include HN-5, HN-5a, HN-5b and other models. HN-5a is a single-soldier shoulder-mounted, passive infrared homing, which can deal with ultra-low flying targets such as jets, propellers and helicopters under visual aiming. HN-5b is an improved version of HN-5a, as well as HN-6.

The Hongying 5 shoulder-launched air defense missile is the first generation of portable air defense missiles developed by China. It is a light weapon that is easy to use, maintain and keep. It is carried by the archer on the back when marching and on the shoulder during combat. Open ground, trenches, swamps, roofs, and even armored vehicles traveling on flat roads at low speeds can stand or kneel and shoot, which has the suddenness of attacking targets. After the missile is launched, it will automatically track and destroy the target. It can carry out tail chase attacks on low-speed jets, propeller aircraft and helicopters, and can also conduct head-on attacks on low-speed helicopters and propeller aircraft. The accuracy is extremely high, the sound is not loud, and the disassembly type is used.

HN-5

Due to the Cultural Revolution that is rampant in China, the reproductive process was long to develop and the first prototypes Chinese of this equipment - known as HN-5 - which were sent to North Viet Nam to there be tested, proved to be ineffective against American aviation. The size and performance of the HN-5 were very close to his Soviet original.

The "Hongying"-5 (HN-5) portable air defense missile was made by China imitating the Soviet "Sam"-7 air defense missile. It was the countrys first portable surface-to-air missile system. It was used in the National Day parade in 1984. First appeared on the previous page. The system is a single-soldier shoulder-launched ultra-low-altitude air defense missile. Under visual conditions, it uses tail chase to attack high-speed aircraft and head-on attack helicopters. The seeker adopts an infrared seeker, and the main engine is a single-chamber double-thrust solid rocket motor. Later developed its improved "Hongying"-5A, "Hongying"-5B and "Hongying"-5C.

The "Hongying"-5 air defense missile has the characteristics of small size, light weight, low price, high precision, omnidirectional attack and fire-and-forget ["no matter after launch"]. The Hongying-5 missile consists of a tube-mounted missile, a launch mechanism, batteries and protective glasses. Its launch tube is made of glass fiber reinforced plastic with a mechanical sight on it. After the used launch tube is inspected and repaired, it can be reloaded and reused. When launching missiles, shooters need to wear protective glasses to protect their eyes from being burned by the tail flame. The shooter needs to launch the missile in a kneeling or standing position. After the missile is launched, it can attack jet aircraft in a tail chase manner. When attacking propeller aircraft or helicopters, both tail chase and head-on attack can be used-this is called omnidirectional attack.

As an early portable shoulder-launched air defense missile, the Hongying-5 had many shortcomings. Of course, similar products in other countries in the world such as the Soviet Sam-7 "Arrow 2" missile also have similar problems. Mainly because of its slow speed and low missile overload, it cannot deal with jet fighters flying at high speed. In addition, the sensitivity of the missile's guidance system is not very good. This type of missile is basically guided by infrared. The missile's guidance system mainly consists of a coordinator that senses (receives) the infrared characteristics of the target and an electronic cabin behind it. Early models of this type of missile position marker used lead sulfide parts as tracking and detection devices, and the sensitivity was not high. Today's new models use indium antimonide to make such parts, and the performance has been greatly improved. Early such portable air defense missiles could only attack jet aircraft from tail chase, which was mainly caused by the poor performance of the guidance system. In addition, early missiles of this type were susceptible to interference. Fighter helicopters, etc. could easily throw off these missiles through infrared jamming bombs and highly maneuverable flight. In addition, the shooter needs to have a slight angle from the sun when launching, otherwise the missile will easily leave the real target and fly towards the sun.

However, these problems were unavoidable in the early portable shoulder-launched air defense missiles. After all, at that time, the economic and technological level was limited. The performance of today's new portable air defense missiles has been greatly improved, and these difficulties have basically been solved.

The development of "Hongying"-5 has undergone four stages of flight tests including model bombs, independent loops, closed loops, and design finalization. From March 1975 to July 1976, a model missile flight test was conducted to assess the structure and engine performance of the projectile; from March 1976 to January 1978, a flight test of an independent loop telemetry bomb was conducted, and a total of 18 missiles were launched; 1978 In the closed-loop telemetry missile flight test conducted at the ground-to-air missile test base in September 1984, all 4 missiles missed the target.

The Hongying-5 portable air defense missile was reviewed at the military parade on October 1, 1984, the 35th anniversary of the founding of the Peoples Republic of China. In 1987, the product was rated as a national high-quality product. Moreover, the Hongying-5 air defense missile was once exported to foreign countries and has withstood the test of actual combat.

By 2020, the "Hongying"-5 series of portable air defense missiles are mainly installed in the second-line motorized infantry division (brigade) of the Chinese army, air defense missile companies in the antiaircraft artillery regiment, reserve antiaircraft artillery units, militia air defense units and shipping units in southeast coastal cities.

HN-5A

As China began promptly to seek to improve its own product while the North Vietnamese gave him, in 1968, a copy of the Strela-2M (SA-7B) from a batch that had been delivered to them by the Russians. The end of the war of Viet Nam intervened until the development by China of this new weapon system - called HN-5A - was completed.

China's "Hongying"-5A portable air defense missile is an improved version of China's "Hongying"-5 portable air defense missile. It adopts infrared passive homing guidance, the seeker uses normal temperature lead sulfide detectors and thermoelectric cooling technology to improve the detection distance. The missile has the ability to attack high-speed aircraft head-on. The weight of the warhead is increased, the lethality is increased, and the ability to resist background interference is also improved.

The Hongying No. 5 A missile has a length of 1.46 meters, a projectile diameter of 72 mm, a projectile weight of 10.2 kg, and a launch weight of 16.5 kg. It uses a kill warhead, a warhead charge of 0.5 kilograms, a trigger fuze, and a single-chamber double power unit. Thrust solid rocket motor and 1 solid booster. It adopts infrared passive homing guidance, the seeker uses normal temperature lead sulfide detectors and thermoelectric cooling technology to improve the detection distance. The missile has the ability to attack high-speed aircraft head-on. The weight of the warhead is increased, the lethality is increased, and the ability to resist background interference is also improved. It can deal with flying targets with a speed of less than 260 meters per second. The combat distance is 800-4400 meters, the combat altitude is 50-2 500 meters, and the maximum flight speed is 500 meters per second.

The launching tube is composed of launching tube body, spinner coil, mechanical sight, front beam indicator, plug mechanism, stop device, socket, connection box, clamp, strap, front and rear cover, etc. It has light weight and simple operation Convenience, multi-function, multiple use and other features. The missile is installed in the launching tube, is positioned by the stop pin, and is electrically connected by a separate plug. The missile has a duck aerodynamic layout. A pair of rudder surfaces are mounted on the steering engine compartment, and two pairs of tail wings are arranged at the tail end of the missile body in an X configuration. To the end are the infrared seeker, steering gear, warhead, and engine compartment. The missile is supported on the inner wall of the launch tube by means of two positioning rings.

The rudder surface and tail wing are folded in the launching tube, and automatically open and lock after exiting the tube. The guidance control system adopts infrared passive homing and single-channel rotation control system, which includes guidance system and stabilization system. The guidance system continuously measures the top to determine the relative position of the missile and the target, and forms control commands according to the guidance law. The stability system executes the control commands given by the guidance system to control the missile to fly to the target stably and accurately.

The missile uses solid boosters and single-chamber double-thrust solid rocket motors. The booster is used to launch the missile, so that the missile has a certain flying speed and rotation speed when it is out of the barrel. It is equipped with 136 grams of dual-base drug, and the working time is 0.05-0.09 seconds. It ends before the missile is out of the barrel. The main engine is a single-combustion double-thrust engine, equipped with 3.8 kg polyurethane composite solid propellant. The first-stage thrust accelerates the missile to cruise speed in 1.6-2.7 seconds, and the second-stage engine keeps the missile at cruise speed.

The warhead and the fuze are cemented into a warhead cabin. The warhead has the comprehensive functions of killing, blasting and gathering energy. It adopts a steel shell integral structure with a mass of about 1.22 kg and a charge of 0.5 kg. The magneto-electric-mechanical triggering fuze is composed of an impact closer, a safety mechanism, a detonating component and a self-destructing device. To ensure the safety of the missile in peacetime, in wartime, when the missile hits the target, the warhead will be detonated at the right time, and the missile will self-destruct when it misses the target.

Hongying 5A is the latest improved version. Its combat altitude and distance are both increased by about 200 meters compared to the prototype. Because it can only be followed by a tail attack, its flight speed is slower and its performance has fallen behind. But it is more than enough to deal with low-altitude and low-speed targets such as helicopters.

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Length 1.46 m
Missile weight 10.2 kg
Mass of the weapon system 16.5 kg
Missile diameter 72 mm
warhead weight 0.5 kg
impact burst
Maximum speed 500 m/s
Range 800 m at 4.4 km
Altitude 50 m 2.5 km.

HN-5B

Based on the position of the Soviet system SA-14 Gremlin shooting and its 9M36 missile, HN-5B which was then developed by China, began to enter service in the People's Liberation Army in the mid-1980s, but its existence was revealed in 1990. It was delivered to Pakistan in January of that year This country also made its own copy, called Anza Mk I, entered into service in 1990.

HN-5C

A version of the HN-5B mounted on a 4 x 4 vehicle also entered production in 1986 and was revealed at the beginning of the 1990s. Designated HN-5C, it included two groups of 4 missiles, mounted share and a turret with an electro-optical fire control.

HQ-5 C

The version HQ-5C (Hong Qi / Red Flag), inexpensive to purchase, was destined for export. It was produced by applying to the HN-5B the Western criteria for maintainability, to reduce its cost of ownership. Red Flag -5C ( HQ-. 5C , the official phonetic translation: HongQi-5C; red flag to China for its surface-to-air missile generic name) is a specially developed air defense missile and for export in the 1980s, it can be said that the HY -5B Westernized version after adopting Western standards. The reason is that despite its low price, when the Soviet-style Hongying-5 was exported to third world countries mainly equipped with Western weapons , its compatibility issues and corresponding logistical support issues increased the overall missiles Life cycle cost. To avoid this, the missile was modified to be compatible with Western standards. According to reports, the Philippines is a customer of Hongqi-5C, and Thailand is also rumored to be one of the other customers of Hongqi-5C. The Philippines and Thailand were buyers.




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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:07:24 ZULU