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Hong Kong Garrison

Hong Kong Garrison China's Defense Ministry said on 24 July 2019 that the military is following closely the recent situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), citing a law that allows the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA)'s Hong Kong Garrison to conduct public security missions after the local government makes a request to the central government. "We have been paying close attention to the developments in Hong Kong, especially after riots on Sunday when radical forces besieged the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in HKSAR," Wu Qian, spokesperson of China's Ministry of National Defense, told a media briefing. It was the first time Beijing had publicly referred to the possibility of deploying the PLA to deal with the unrest in Hong Kong.

Wu said that radical demonstrators have challenged the authority of the central government and touched the bottom line of the "one country, two systems," which is absolutely intolerable. Tarnishing the "Pearl of the Orient" [which refers to Hong Kong] is not allowed, Wu said.

Responding to a question on how to deal with Hong Kong secessionist forces, Wu cited the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Garrisoning of the HKSAR, which stipulates that the HKSAR government could request the central government to allow the PLA garrison in Hong Kong to maintain social order and disaster relief when necessary. Wu's remarks came amid rumors claiming that a number of office buildings will be guarded by the Chinese PLA's Hong Kong Garrison. Those offices include the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the HKSAR and the Chief Executive's Office and the Legislative Council Complex.

The Chinese Central People's Government (CPG) resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong on July 1, 1997, and stationed a garrison of the PLA with about 6,000 troops in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) to take charge of its defense affairs. The stationing of the PLA troops in the Region is an important symbol of the Chinese government's resumption of exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong. It is also an important guarantee for the preservation of state sovereignty and security and the maintenance of the Region's long-term prosperity and stability.

The Basic Law provides that the CPG shall be responsible for the defence of the HKSAR and shall bear the expenditure for the garrison. Military forces stationed in the HKSAR shall not interfere in the local affairs of the Region and the HKSAR Government shall be responsible for the maintenance of public order in the Region. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) Forces Hong Kong (Hong Kong Garrison) formally stationed in the HKSAR assumed defence responsibility for Hong Kong with effect from zero hour on July 1, 1997.

Hong Kong GarrisonThe PLA Forces Hong Kong comprise army, navy and air force units so as to reflect the PRC's sovereignty over HKSAR's territorial land, waters and airspace, and it is subject to the direction of the Central Military Commission. The Hong Kong Garrison is deployed at 14 military sites in the HKSAR with some of the army, navy and air force units stationed in the mainland of China.

The 'Law of the People's Republic of China on the Garrisoning of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region' (the Garrison Law), which was added to Annex III of the Basic Law, ensures the lawful performance of functions and responsibilities by the PLA Forces Hong Kong to maintain the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the State and the security of Hong Kong.

The PLA troops entered Hong Kong strictly in accordance with provisions of the law. The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC, passed at the Third Session of the Seventh NPC in April, 1990, clearly stipulated that the Central People's Government shall be responsible for administrating the defense affairs of the HKSAR. The Garrison Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC was approved at the 23rd meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eighth NPC in December 1996, and came into effect on July 1, 1997. The Garrison Law stipulates that the Hong Kong Garrison shall not interfere in the local affairs of the HKSAR; that its duties are to perform routine defense service, administrate military facilities, handle relevant foreign-related military affairs, and ensure the security and stability of Hong Kong; that its expenditures shall be borne by the Central People's Government; and that the garrison troops shall be rotated. The law contains specific provisions on the duties and rules of discipline of the garrison personnel, the judicature and other questions, fundamentally guaranteeing that the Hong Kong Garrison fulfils its defense functions along legal lines.

The PLA Hong Kong Garrison, composed of ground, naval and air forces, is under the direction of the Central Military Commission of the PRC. While performing its defense duties, the Hong Kong Garrison must abide by both national and HKSAR laws, as well as the current rules and regulations of the PLA.

After its entry into Hong Kong, the PLA Hong Kong Garrison abided strictly by the Basic Law and the Garrison Law, fulfilled its defense duties within legal framework, actively organized military training, strengthened army-building along regularization lines, studied Hong Kong's related laws, and acquainted the rank and file with the social conditions in Hong Kong. According to the Garrison Law, the Garrison established working contacts with the HKSAR government, and opened the barracks on the Stonecutters Island and Chek Chu to the public to promote Hong Kong compatriots' understanding of and trust in the garrison troops.

Before the return of Hong Kong, the Prince of Wales Building was the headquarters of British troops stationed in Hong Kong. On July 1, 1997, the People's Liberation Army officially took over the building. The shape of the building is like a wine cup. The bottom of the building is a funnel inclined inward, which can prevent the invasion of foreign enemies. Although it has a simple appearance, it is absolutely eye-catching, and its unique design makes it unique. At midnight on June 30, 1997, the defense handover ceremony between China and Britain was held here. The building was formally taken over by the Chinese People's Liberation Army at 0:00 on July 1. On January 1, 2002, the building was officially renamed the PLA Hong Kong Garrison Building.

According to the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group's agreement on the future arrangement of Hong Kong's military land, the British troops stationed in Hong Kong were originally stationed at 39 military locations, and 14 were taken over by the Hong Kong troops for defense purposes. According to the Military Facilities Prohibited Zone Order and the Defence (Shooting Practice Area) Regulations, the following locations are currently military restricted zones or recognized as shooting practice zones:

  1. Central Military Camp (formerly known as "The Prince of Wales Military Camp")
  2. The People's Liberation Army Building in Hong Kong (formerly known as the Prince of Wales Building )
  3. Stanley Barracks
  4. Flagstaff House (Mid located Barker Road )
  5. Justice Barracks Road (Queensway justice Road and Queensway junction, formerly known as the "Queen of the barracks")
  6. Western District Military Camp (Military Dormitory, originally called "The Common Court Camp" )
  7. Gunhuishan Military Camp
  8. Chinese People's Liberation Army Hospital in Hong Kong
  9. Kowloon East Army Camp (formerly known as "Osbourne Barracks")
  10. Songhe Old Street No. 1 A (Senior Military Officer's Mansion )
  11. Stonecutters Island Barracks
  12. Stonecutters Island Naval Base
  13. Shigang Military Camp
  14. Shigang Military Camp Beiying (formerly known as "Borneo Military Camp")
  15. Shigang Military Camp Nanying (formerly known as "Malaysia Military Camp")
  16. Shigang Airport
  17. Shigang Village (Infantry Brigade Command Officials )
  18. Xintian Military Camp (located in Xintian , Yuen Long, originally called "Garden Xuanjun Military Camp" or "Zhaoxuan Lujun Camp")
  19. Tanwei Military Camp (located at Ngau Tam Mei , Yuen Long )
  20. San Wai Barracks (located in Fanling San Wai )
  21. Xinjiang / Daegu training ground
  22. Castle Peak Range (located in Castle Peak, Tuen Mun )
  23. Tai O Military Camp (located in Tai O , Lantau Island , originally called "Tao Ou Naval Observatory")
  24. Chek Lap Kok military transport center (located at Chek Lap Kok at Hong Kong International Airport, to replace the original located in the Kai Tak Airport Joint Military Transportation Center )

PLA Building in Hong KongIn 1979, the British garrison headquarters moved from Victoria Barracks to a new base in Central waterfront -- the Prince of Wales Building. The building is 113 meters high and has 28 floors. At night, it participates in the Symphony of Lights. Architects said the shape of the building is supposed to contribute to its protection. Its narrow stem with the protruding upper storeys should make it difficult to climb or attack. After the base became the Central Barracks, the old name of the building remained visible in large raised letters along the bottom of the tower for several years. The People's Liberation Army Station Building on the Hong Kong Island Tamar was refurbished for 20 months from July 2011, to strengthen the building's sense of power. Zhang Shibo, commander of the People's Liberation Army in Hong Kong, said in an interview with the Hong Kong media that the building will undergo extensive renovations inside and outside, but stressed that the decoration is not to increase the pressure, but the existing structure and the style of the building will not change. no need to worry. As a military property, it is heavily guarded and not by "we are standing here in uncomfortable clothes for the sake of tradition and because tourists, who bring money into our country, like to photograph us" guards but by very alert soldiers with machine guns. It is best to photograph it from somewhere along Harcourt Road.

At the same time, the Hong Kong Garrison planned to build an 11-storey exhibition hall to display information and equipment for the defense troops stationed in Hong Kong for 15 years, which will be open to the public every month. Zhang Shibo said that the exhibition hall can serve as a platform for communication between the People's Liberation Army and the people of Hong Kong.

It is a long-term task for the PLA Hong Kong Garrison to fulfil its responsibility for Hong Kong's defense affairs. The garrison troops will consistently adhere to the principle of ``one country, two systems,'' strictly abide by the Basic Law and the Garrison Law, and contribute to the preservation of the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.

The PLA's public relations work in Hong Kong has not yet enabled the troops stationed in Hong Kong to integrate into Hong Kong society and people's hearts. Since the return of Hong Kong's sovereignty to China on July 1, 1997, the PLA troops stationed in Hong Kong have been low-key, but in recent years they have strengthened public relations activities, such as opening military camps and holding art evenings, hoping to deepen Hong Kong citizens' understanding of the PLA.

The People's Liberation Army has been stationed in Hong Kong for many years, but some Hong Kong people are still wary of the troops stationed in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Open Magazine executive editor Cai Yongmei said to VOA 19 June 2016 that some left-wingers in Hong Kong who have a strong sense of national nationality have always had a good impression of the PLA, but the troops stationed in Hong Kong still cannot win the support of the younger generation.

She said: "In Hong Kong, the People's Liberation Army is the murderer of the June 4 crackdown. I think this has never changed. It is because the martial law of the June 4 crackdown (the middle) is the People's Liberation Army. So for some young people, they think The People's Liberation Army is the party's army, not the state's army. Therefore, the PLA is considered to be part of the CCP's national repressive machine. There is absolutely no good feeling." The

PLA has carried out many public relations activities in recent years, hoping to get closer to Hong Kong and reduce the distance between the army and the people of Hong Kong. According to the poll conducted by the University of Hong Kong's Public Opinion Research Program, Hong Kong people's satisfaction with the PLA has increased, from 40% in 1997 to 50% in 2011.

Cai Yongmei said that in this Internet era, those public relations work has no effect, and Hong Kong people will not change their demands for China's entire political system and Hong Kong's democratic development. She said: "What Hong Kong needs now is the political democratization we have to do. We must implement two general elections. If you don't return this political right to Hong Kong people, your little favor, I believe that Hong Kong will not be confused by this. On the other hand, it is about mainland China, you are so dark in mainland China, then cruel things happen, and your PLA does a little bit of those gestures, I dont think it works.

At midnight on 15 June 2012, the People's Liberation Army secretly transferred armored vehicles from Huizhou to Hong Kong [about 100 kilometers]. The teams appeared in the New Territories of Hong Kong and the downtown area of Kowloon. Immediately, many Hong Kong people published their faces on social networking sites. They also expressed concern that the Central Government would suppress the Hong Kong people who still enjoy freedom of speech, just like the June 4 crackdown. Some Hong Kong media said that the mobilization of the army was to "maintain stability" and prevent Hong Kong from exploding on July 1 and threatening the safety of President Hu Jintao when he visited Hong Kong.

The Secretary for Security of Hong Kong, Mr Lee Siu-kwong, said that this was only a normal mobilization of the Hong Kong Garrison for a few months. The Commissioner of Police, Mr Tsang Wai-yung, also stressed that the Hong Kong Police would not manage the July 1 march with the PLA. Some Hong Kong people are still skeptical about this explanation. They believe that the Central Committee is intimidating the participants of the July 1st Parade. However, some netizens believe that the Central Peoples Government cannot dare to suppress the July 1st march. The people of Hong Kong can still express their demands peacefully. Hundreds of Hong Kong protesters chanting anti-Beijing slogans disrupted Chinese President Hu Jintaos visit to the semi-autonomous city, in yet another mark of discontent on the 15th anniversary of Hong Kong's handover to the mainland.

IN June 2017 the Peoples Liberation Army signalled that its Hong Kong garrison was no longer just a sovereignty symbol but a combat-ready force that could demonstrate Chinas military might. The PLAs garrison in Hong Kong is not only a military garrison; more importantly, it is a political garrison, according to an article by commander Yuan Yubai and political commissar Wei Liang of the Southern Theater Command. hinas The article to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the PLAs deployment to the former British colony appeared in the Communist Partys flagship journal Qiushi, or Seeking Truth, on 16 June 2017. The fact that the article was written by the Southern Theatre Command leaders also indicated the garrisons new reporting line after a reorganisation of the military in 2016.



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