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HJ-8

The PLA's second-generation anti-tank missile "Hongjian-8" [Red Arrow] was deployed in the late 1980s. This anti-tank missile has a long range and is accurate, dependable and powerful. It can pierce through armors 80mm thick. The front armor of the gun tower of Taiwan's best M60 tanks is only 110mm thick. The latest "Hongjian-8E" was finalized for production in the mid-1990. The "Hongjian-8E" has a range of four kilometers, and an estimated hit accuracy of over 90 percent. Since it is fitted with tandem warhead, it can pierce through tanks with reactive armor, and has an armor-piercing depth of over 100 millimeters. The "Hongjian-8E" can be carried by infantry soldiers or mounted on various types of vehicles and helicopters. The performance of the "Hongjian-8E" is similar to the "TOW" anti-tank missiles of the US army, and is better than the German and French "Milan" anti-tank missile.

The main attack weapon of China's Z-11, Mi-17 and Gazelle helicopter gunships is the Hongjian-8 anti-tank missile. China's first special helicopter gunship is a type of Gazelle anti-tank armed helicopter imported from France. Although its pylons can carry four to six Hongjian-8 and other anti-tank missiles, they can also carry rockets, machine guns and even cannons. The new WZ-9 helicopter gunship, the WZ-9 [export model code-named Z-9G] is a gunship converted from the French-designed Z-9 helicopter produced under license in China. Its pylons can carry four Hongjian-8 anti-tank missiles. As early as in 1989, a Hongjian-8 anti-tank missile was successfully launched from the WZ-9 helicopter.

In July 1997 Pakistan successfully tested two missile systems -- Anza and Baktar Shikan, which will add to its conventional military strength. Baktar Shikan is a second generation anti-tank guided missile weapon system which pursues the principle of optical aiming, IR tracking and automatically generated, remote controlled and wire transmitted guidance signals. The system can quickly be dis-assembled into the following four sub-units, each not weighing more than 25 Kgs, thus making the system man-portable:

  • Encased missile
  • IR Goniometer
  • Guidance unit
  • Tripod assembly

Aiming at the target through 12 magnifications sight of Goniometer, the firer presses the firing trigger and keeps the cross hairs of the sight on the target. The rest is done by the system itself, which automatically guides the missile to fly along the line of sight until it hits the target and a powerful warhead enables its destruction.

Support Equipment :

  • First Echelon Instrument -- a special device for quickly judging the operational state of Launching &Guidance System before firing. It is carried manually in a canvas pack.
  • Second Echelon Instrument -- facilitates fault finding of the Launching & Guidance System up to component level for repairs. It can be carried in a vehicle for use in the field.
  • Indoor Training Simulator -- provides inexpensive possibility of training the firer without resorting to actual firing.








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