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Military


Hongjian-12 / HJ-12 anti-tank missile

Often compared with the FGM-148 Javelin missile used by the US military, the HJ-12, or Red Arrow 12, is a portable, fire-and-forget anti-tank missile domestically developed by China. The HJ-12 anti-tank missile, which has fire-and-forget capability and can even hit a helicopter flying at slow speed. It can hit targets including tanks, bunkers, ships and helicopters from above, where armor is likely the thinnest, with a penetration capability of 1,100 millimeters. The HJ-12 enables soldiers to lock on target, fire and then move on without maintaining position to guide the missile to its target, providing many tactical advantages. The missile is capable of destroying even the most advanced tanks in the world, he noted. It is expected to be a high-end weapon that not every military can afford in mass quantities, but it should be more cost-efficient than its competitors like the Javelin.

The HJ-12 anti-tank missile, which can destroy tanks at a distance of more than 4 km. The missile was developed by China North Industries Group Corp, one of the major defense contractors for the PLA ground force. The weapon will enable the PLA to catch up with the antitank combat capability of its Western and Russian counterparts and help it gain a bigger share in the international military equipment market, according to industry analysts. The HJ-12 is much more advanced than the anti-tank missiles currently used by the PLA ground force. It has a host of cutting-edge technologies that have been adopted by its most powerful counterparts in Western armies, according to industry analysts.

The HJ-12 features fire-and-forget capability and automatic self-guidance instruments, and it can be fired within buildings and bunkers due to its soft launch system. The fire-and-forget technology, which does not require further guidance after launch, such as illumination of the target or wire guidance, is an important property for a guided weapon to have, since a person or vehicle that lingers near the target to guide the missile is vulnerable to attack and unable to carry out other tasks.

As early as the beginning of 2000, the General Armed Forces Technical Institute started to demonstrate the localization of information equipment and put forward the application concept of "ripening the core technology with point-by-surface and realizing the simultaneous rolling development of equipment and hardware and software core technology of domestic products" and gradually implemented the domestic real-time embedded operating system design given domestic key hardware and software architecture design and other research work.

After ten years of unremitting efforts and accumulation, China had broken through the bottleneck of "domestically produced multi-core key hardware and software optimized adaption" and "graphics rapid processing", which have been applied in a new type of main battlefield equipment to meet the needs of usage.

China provided a first glimpse of the infantry anti-tank missile at the 2014 European Military Exhibition 2014 in Paris, June 2014. For the first time, Chinese military enterprises introduced materials on their new portable anti-tank missile system. The export name of this anti-tank missile is the Red Arrow 12.

For the first time, China's powerful anti-tank missiles possess the capability of being manned and portable, making them more convenient and convenient than rocket launchers that are more convenient to use than the Red Arrow 73 that require the installation of launch boxes. The Red Arrow 12 system is similar in structure to other portable systems that use infrared seeker and infrared image missiles such as the American javelin missiles, Israel's Spike missiles, Japan's Type 01 missiles and South Korea's Hyun-Gung missiles.

"The HJ-12 is much more advanced than the anti-tank missiles currently used by the PLA ground force. It has a host of cutting-edge technologies that have been adopted by its most powerful counterparts in Western armies," said a military expert with knowledge of the HJ-12's development who declined to be named. "Besides the PLA, I think its potential buyers will be militaries from developing countries that have to deal with third-generation tanks," he added. "But considering its possibly high price, the number of buyers will be small."

the Red Arrow 12 missile system uses a non-cooled infrared automatic seeker to ensure day and night operation. Also provided is a daytime version of the system, using a TV auto-search head. The brochure states that the daytime version has a maximum range of 4,000 meters. In the meantime, business representatives told Jane that the maximum range of a version with an IR autopilot is 2000 meters. Launcher includes infrared sight. The Red Arrow 12 locks onto the target before launch, and the operator can immediately or immediately refill the bullet to attack other targets.

Use of a missile "cold" launch allows shooting from within a building or bunker. Missiles can fly arc trajectory to attack high altitude targets, can also fly in a straight line. The missile series concentrator warhead can generally penetrate 1100mm homogeneous steel rolling power protection armor.

The most important innovation of the Red Arrow-12 anti-tank missile system is the new seeker. The seeker uses a non-inductive thermal imager and a white CCD camera for day and night combat capabilities. Under good light conditions during the day, the maximum range of the missile reaches 4 km, the effect of nighttime thermal imager effect range, the maximum range down to 2 km. This is the first time that an anti-tank missile in China has been equipped with a guidance system that can guarantee "after launch" in practice. To this end, an infrared seeker with target image memory (infrared imaging) is used.

Globally, the market for portable, anti-tank missiles is dominated by Western and Russian products, such as the United States' FGM-148 Javelin and Russia's AT-13 Saxhorn-2. The lack of a portable antitank missile has compromised the PLA's ability to attack enemy tanks and hindered efforts to modernize the arsenal for its infantry.

The HJ-12 features fire-and-forget capability and automatic self-guidance instruments, and it can be fired within buildings and bunkers due to its soft launch system. The fire-and-forget technology, which does not require further guidance after launch, such as illumination of the target or wire guidance, is an important property for a guided weapon to have, since a person or vehicle that lingers near the target to guide the missile is vulnerable to attack and unable to carry out other tasks.

"The technology will help reduce the number of anti-tank missile operators deployed at a single battlefield, lowering probable casualties," said Li Xiaojian, editor at cjdby.com, one of the biggest military forums in China. Tao Mujian, a commentator on defense technology, said: "The PLA has had several new types of infantry fighting vehicles, but their anti-tank weapon is still the HJ-73, a Soviet-developed missile that is too old to hit today's tanks. The HJ-12 will complement its weakness in anti-tank combat, bringing a revolutionary change to the land force."

Depending on the needs of users, this weapon system can supply infantry versions, man-portable transport launchers and equipment modules, as well as self-powered mobile versions for installation on vehicles. The components of the anti-tank weapon system also include the basic vehicle equipment installation system when using a vehicle chassis.

The HJ-12 can also attack low-altitude low-speed helicopter targets, can be fired in buildings or shelters in a closed space, the battlefield hidden high. This is the HJ-8 and HJ-9 anti-tank missiles are unmatched special performance, as the HJ-12 is a guerrilla dedicated anti-tank missiles.

In addition to portable version, anti-tank missiles can also be installed in the car. Red Arrow 12 combat system total weight of 22kg, of which the missile in the transport launch container weight 17kg. The shipping container is 1.25 meters long and the diameter is estimated at 170 mm. Missile size was not mentioned, but it is envisaged that the length of an anti-missile tank will be about 980 millimeters in diameter and about 135 millimeters in diameter.

Although developing countries that are in response to the needs of third-generation tanks are potential buyers of the anti-tank missiles, the Red Arrow -12 anti-tank missiles are said to be expensive and buyers may be limited. China has also specially developed a "cheap" version of Red Arrow 12 for export to foreign markets. In daylight and in good weather conditions, the missile's range with a TV guide is increased to 4 kilometers, which is more ideal for infantry to fight various battlefield targets.

In March 2020 State-owned China North Industries Group Corporation (Norinco), a leading Chinese arms firm, delivered a batch of advanced portable HJ-12E anti-tank missiles to an undisclosed foreign buyer amid the pandemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) in the first export case of this type of high-end weaponry, prompting Chinese analysts to note on 29 March 2020 that this showcased the company's reliability and its potential share of the market. Despite the COVID-19 outbreak that had brought difficulties in personnel exchanges since the Spring Festival holidays in late January and early February, Norinco was able to deliver containers carrying the missiles to foreign clients as of Wednesday, before the scheduled shipment date, according to a statement the company released Wednesday on its WeChat account.

It was the first time a third-generation anti-tank weapon system developed by the Chinese company has been exported, according to the statement. As the client was in urgent need of the missiles, the successful delivery had significant meaning for establishing Norinco's market position and further opening up the market, the company said. Norinco did not disclose more details on the deal in the statement, including the name of the buyer, the quantity purchased and the value of the deal.

The delivery demonstrated the Chinese arms firm's reliability and proved it can fulfill a contract even under seeming force majeure, overcoming difficulties and prioritizing the client's interest, a military expert who asked not to be named told the Global Times on 29 March 2020. This would win trust not only from the buyer for this deal, but also other potential clients, the expert said, noting the product would also get a chance to shine on the international market. China does not attach political premise to arms sales. China provides not only affordable and easy-to-use weapons, but also advanced and sophisticated ones.

China's domestically developed HJ-12 man-portable anti-tank missile, previously known as a made-for-export weapon, is confirmed to be in service with the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), after it made its debut in a recent exercise organized by the PLA Tibet Military Command. The top-attack, fire-and-forget missile, often compared with the US' Javelin, can destroy any main battle tank in the world, and will significantly boost the PLA infantry forces' anti-tank capabilities, experts said. A brigade affiliated with the PLA Tibet Military Command conducted a series of exercises deep in the plateau region, according to a statement the command released on 23 July 2021.

A photo attached to the statement shows that a soldier was carrying a portable anti-tank missile that can be carried by a single person during the exercise, and a report by Shanghai-based news website eastday.com on Friday identified it as the HJ-12, as the weapon made its first public appearance in PLA service. By providing individual soldiers with the capability to independently destroy a tank more effectively than older weapons, the commissioning of the HJ-12 will significantly boost the PLA's anti-tank capabilities, observers said.

Developed by the state-owned China North Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO), the HJ-12, or the Red Arrow 12, was put on exhibit for the first time at Airshow China 2014 in Zhuhai, South China's Guangdong Province.

Comparable with the US' Javelin missile, the HJ-12 is equipped with advanced focal plane array infrared guidance system with lock-on before launch and fire-and-forget systems, eastday.com reported. When performing a top-attack, the HJ-12 can destroy any type of main battle tank in the world, as the missile can penetrate homogeneous steel armor as thick as 1,100 millimeters protected by explosive reaction armor, eastday.com quoted a report by China Central Television as saying. The HJ-12 also offers strong anti-jamming capabilities with more types of guidance systems, Wei Dongxu, a Beijing-based military expert, told the Global Times. In addition to tanks, the HJ-12 can launch precision strikes on hostile bunkers, fortifications and buildings, Wei said.

The export version of the HJ-12, the HJ-12E, saw its first delivery to an undisclosed foreign buyer in early 2020, NORINCO revealed in March that year, labeling the weapon as a high-end product. It was the first time a third-generation anti-tank weapon system developed by the Chinese company has been exported, NORINCO said in a statement, without disclosing the name of the buyer, the quantity purchased or the value of the deal.

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Page last modified: 26-07-2021 19:16:22 ZULU