H-8 Chinese stealth bomber - Second Instance
A new H-8 is claimed to have been under development since 1994 to match the American B-2A. With a weapons load targeted at 18 tons, the bomber may travel at 1.2 Mach to penetrate defended territory or in order to escape. The bomber will carry a new stealth cruise missile, and is reported to have the range to reach targets on the continental United States, qwith a range estimated to be up to ten thousand kilometers. The aircraft uses domestically produced advanced navigation equipment. The bomber has been designed by the 603 institute, and Xian will be responsible for producing the bomber. The bomber will be the first domestically designed and manufactured strategic bomber.
The H-8 was reported to use a high-tech blended wing-body design, has fly-by-wire controls, and an angled fuselage. The wing has massive internal fuel tanks. The aircraft used carbon fiber and other composite materials. The weapons bay has a rotating weapons profile. The bomber retains a terrain hugging capacity and has a terrain following and mapping radar, satellite data links and advanced digital mapping systems. The bomber also uses advanced stealth technologies. The H-8 will have 4 turbo-fan engines, the core of which is based on the WS-10A. It can use a host of weapons including laser guided "thunder stone" 6, satellite guidance bomb and anti-ship missile.
According to a semi-official Chinese media report in late 2007, China's domestically-developed "Xian H-8" stealth strategic bomber has successfully undergone flight trials. It is said that this bomber will carry a new type of cruise missile and will be capable of attacking North America, which is a cause of great concern in many countries. The "photographs" of the H-8 carried in the Chinese media are not photographs, but rather art work based on various American stealth aircraft.
In late 2007 it was reported that the H-8 was slated to start trial flights in January 2008. Central Military Committee officers, air force logistics department officer, national defense science and industry committee, Xi'an deputy mayor, the provincial party committee assistant deputy secretary, among others were said to be present for inaugurating the project.
China generally lags American military technology by about 20 to 25 years, so by the year 2015 China might be expected to match American military achievements of around 1990 or 1995. The B-2's first flight was July 17, 1989. China thus might be expected to be developing the the necessary technology to effectively use stealth materials and develop high-power engines. Thus China could be expected to have successfully fabricated and assembled a working aircraft.
The Chinese Military Aviation website reports "A new long-range strategic stealth bomber similar to American B-2 is believed to have been under development at 603 Institute/XAC but it remains a closely guarded secret."
According to "Jane's Defense Weekly" in 2016, China is developing a "B-8" stealth bomber capable of carrying cruise missiles. The "H-8 is the first stealth aircraft developed by China. The indicator is that its performance should be as close as possible to the U.S. B-2 bomber, if necessary, with 1.2 Mach supersonic penetration, and capable of attacking North America with a new type of stealthy cruise missiles. In 10,000 kilometers, with air refueling capability, is the first generation of domestic stealth strategic bombers. " The report also said that "H-8 recently can fly up, thanks to China's newly developed turbofan engine. The report also revealed that the development of Xi'an Aircraft Corporation in China's aviation history set a new record.
However, some military experts said in an interview that "China does not have the capability to develop stealth bombers." He thinks there is still considerable technical difficulty for China to build stealth fighters like the U.S. B-2 stealth bombers and even the earlier A-12 carrier-based attack aircraft. First of all, a new breakthrough in aircraft manufacturing materials is needed, followed by a lack of high-power engines. Stealth bombers such as the B-2 also require "low-detectable radars," advanced stealth materials and paints that are not yet available in China.
It is understood that although the bomber has long been available, the concept of "stealthy strategic bomber" did not appear until 1986 when the U.S. military equipped the B-1B bomber. In spite of its excellent performance, the future is not clear. Major General Matthews, head of the Air Force Combat Command, said that the development of the stealth bomber has encountered a bottleneck. Its core value lies in "putting the most intense firepower on the enemy momentarily". And this effect can now be replaced by off-zone firing weapons, F-22 fighter jets, UAVs and ultra-high-speed missiles. Therefore, the rest of the world's aviation powers, including Russia, have no plans at all.
The H-8 is a strategic bombing machine classified as a secret key model after the first flying of the flying levies at the end of the 1980s. It is also China's first stealth aircraft. Officially approved in 1994, the Central Government assigned its target to be as close as possible to the United States B- 2A; its payload should be no less than 18 tons; if necessary, a Mach 1.2 supersonic or escape should be carried; Cruise missiles can attack North America; range of not less than 10,000 km; with air refueling capability; using the most advanced domestic avionics equipment and so on. The task was designed by 603, XAC company responsible for the production, becoming the first domestic strategic bomber.
The H-8 has a large number of high-tech applications such as wing integration, fly-by-wire control, curved fuselage, front and rear edge flaps, wing large integrated fuel tank, a large area of carbon fiber composite materials, carbon and carbon brakes, built- Terrain matching tracking radar, digital maps, composite navigation systems, satellite data links, the new wave of advanced invisible nano-coating, and many others.
The Taihang turbofan engine is also the heart of the J-10A and J-11B. The benefits of such fighters and bombers sharing of the same family of engines have long been confirmed by the U.S. military and can give the farthest range of Chinese aircraft over 11,000 kilometers. Twelve Red Bird 3 cruise missiles are distributed on two six rotating weapons pylons, each with a portable nuclear warhead and a range of 3,000 kilometers. They can also carry satellite-guided bombs and anti-ship missiles and other weapons.
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