C-101 / YJ-16 / CSS-C-5 SAPLES
The C-101 is a supersonic short-range air, ground, and ship-launched anti-ship missile. The missile is a sea-skimming, supersonic weapon whose sea-launched version is designed for use on destroyers and frigates.
Externally it is of cylindrical shape with pointed nose, small canard wings and rectangular tail surfaces at the top and bottom. Behind them are four clipped-delta stabilizers arranged in 'X' formation. Two side-mounted ramjet engines are at the rear of the airframe. On each side of the missile, hanging from a pair of short, slim wings is a liquid-fueled ram jet with a thrust of 18 kN. Ship-launched missiles use a pair of solid-propellant (polysulphur composite) boosters each with a tail fin. Internally the missile has a radar compartment in the nose with a J-band (12-18 GHz) monopulse sensor then a 300 kg semi-armor- piercing warhead with delayed impact fuse. Behind it is a tank with 200 kg of a kerosene-type fuel with a small load-bearing compartment to which the forward wings and boosters are attached.
China acquired the C-101 missile technology in the late 1970s. Models of a ramjet-powered missile, the C-101, were shown at the CPMIEC stand during the Paris Air Show in 1986. The same missile has been displayed at subsequent exhibitions for operations from a variety of platforms including ships, land and aircraft. It is believed this missile may be designed specifically for the export market. Testing of the new missile is reported to have begun in 1989. Production began in the mid-1990s to replace obsolete HY-2/CSS-N-2 missiles. The Chinese Navy tested the C-101 antiship missile on the Hoku-class fast attack craft [FAC], and Huang-class craft are being fitted with four C-101 launch tubes, while other FAC classes carry two launch tubes.
The air launched version has been reportedly carried on the H-5 and H-6 bombers and the SH-5 amphibian. The missile is believed to have a 300 kg semi-armour-piercing warhead with a delayed impact fuse. Cruising at an altitude of 50 meters, the missile dives about 3 kilometers away from the target to impact about 5 meters above the waterline.
Several sources report the YJ-16 / C-101 [CSS-C-5 SAPLES] and the SY-2 / FL-2 [CSS-N-5 SABBOT] as being the same missile, but even a superficial examination of photographs represented as representing this missiles indicates that they are apparently un-related.
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