Challenger 600 Series
After he sold Learjet, Bill Lear tinkered with a design for a large-cabin business jet that—thanks to advances in airfoils and engines—could be built and operated for midsize-cabin prices. He sold his design of the Learstar 600 to Canadair (now Bombardier), which went on to build the airplane under the moniker “Challenger.” Through the end of 2014, nearly 1,000 Challenger 600 series aircraft had been delivered.
The Bombardier Challenger 600 series (600/ 601/ 604/ 605) has been one of the most popular lines in the large business jet category. The Challenger 600 series is a family of business jets designed by Bill Lear and produced first by Canadair until that company was bought by Bombardier Aerospace in 1986. The Challenger was one of the first business jets designed with a supercritical wing. Bombardier built the original Challenger 600 with the primary goal of passenger comfort.
The Challenger 600 series, with a supercritical wing and lower thrust Lycoming engines, is in some respects a rather unforgiving aircraft, and requiring a high level of attention to detail from its pilots. The Canadair CL-600 Challenger had a troubled early history but formed the basis for what became a very successful business jet family.
The Challenger 600 first flight was 08 November 1978. It is powered by two Honeywell 502 high bypass turbofan engines each capable of 7,500-lb. thrust (33.4-kN) at takeoff. Optional fuselage fuel tanks add 261 gal. (988 l), for a total capacity of 2,451 gal. (9,278 l). Maximum cruise speed of Mach 0.80 (528 mph; 850 km/h), maximum altitude of 41,000 feet (12,497 m) and a range of 2,800 nm (5,186 km) or 3,123 nm (5,784 km) with optional fuel tanks.
The most significant product upgrade since the 601-1A, the Challenger 604 combined a 4,027 nm (7,458 km) intercontinental range with exceptional short-and medium-range efficiencies. Principal changes include powered by two new General Electric CF34-3B high bypass turbofan engines flat-rated to ISA +15ºC (86º at sea level ) to improve hot and high performance while reducing specific fuel consumption
The Challenger 605 is the fifth iteration of the Model 600, with just over 260 units delivered by 2015. It is not really a new model, but rather the marketing designation for Challenger 604 serial number 5700 and subsequent aircraft that incorporate avionics, cabin window and aft fuselage modifications.
A member of Bombardier's Challenger 600 family of corporate jets, the Challenger 605 features one of the most advanced cockpits available. Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 innovations for the business jet include four 12 x 10-inch adaptive flight displays. Standard pilot and copilot primary flight displays (PFDs) are teamed with dual multifunction displays (MFDs) and dual Rockwell Collins FMS-6000 Control Display Units (CDUs) to streamline and automate input functions. All primary flight, navigation, engine and sensor data are graphically presented for easy scanning and integration. The large displays allow Challenger 605 pilots the operational benefits of more display area without the weight and power requirements of previous generation aircraft display systems.
The Challenger 605 provides corporate and government leaders with the widest cabin in its category, enhancing personal productivity and performance. No other business jet surpasses the Challenger 605 combination of cost effectiveness, low operating costs and cabin comfort, plus dispatch reliability and everyday utility.
The aircraft is powered by two General Electric CF34-3B turbofan engines that produce 8,729 lbs of thrust each. The Challenger 605 has the sign wings and engines as the Challenger 604. It can fly over 4,000 nautical miles with seven passengers and two crew members, making non-stop flights like New York to London; Riyadh to Geneva or Singapore to Sydney possible.
Operators say they can fly it for $3,100 to $3,200 per hour, including fuel, maintenance and engine reserves. Dispatch reliability exceeds 99.8%. A new Bombardier Challenger 605 sells for approximately $27m. Used 605s sell for about $15m for 2008 vintage aircraft. The total cost of ownership per year of the Bombardier Challenger 605 is $3,481,595 including market depreciation of ($1,240,920) or $5,342,974 including book depreciation of $3,102,300. Both figures include fixed costs per year of $724,861.
In service since January 2007, the Challenger 605 jet features the widest stand-up cabin of any large category business jet available today. It is equipped with the Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 avionics suite and an all new cabin electronic system. It can whisk five passengers from Dubai-Madrid non-stop(i), in superior comfort. Optional equipment on the Challenger 605 now includes the Bombardier Enhanced Vision System (BEVS), providing pilots with significantly improved situational awareness and the ability to observe runway lights and the runway environment in difficult operating conditions, such as low visibility and or darkness.
The widebody Challenger 605 jet dominates the large aircraft segment in the Middle East region with 27 aircraft, as at June 30, 2007, representing 50 per cent of the market share for this segment in the region.
Building on the 600 series, Bombardier began the popular Canadair Regional Jet program in 1989 and delivered the first CRJ in 1992. It stretched the Challenger 600 fuselage by more than 19 feet and gave the airplane a larger wing and more powerful engines. Deliveries of the 44- to 50-seat CRJ (Models 100, 200, and 440) totaled 1,021 through 2015. Those models are no longer in production.
The Challenger 650 is a makeover of the Challenger 605 that was itself rolled out as an evolution in 2006. The new Challenger 650 leaned heavily on Bombardier’s experience in evolving the super-midsize Challenger 300 into the 350, with a heavy focus on comfort in the up-to-12-passenger cabin as well as improvements to the flight deck and avionics systems.
Deliveries of the $33.35 million Challenger 650 were targeted for the second quarter of 2015. Fractional-ownership provider NetJets was the launch customer with a firm order for 25 and options for an additional 50 to be completed to the Signature Series standard specified by NetJets. The order converts a previous NetJets order for Challenger 605 “NG” aircraft placed in 2012.
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