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Jair Bolsonaro

Jair Bolsonaro Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro tested positive for Coronavirus. Bolsonaro, who had consistently downplayed the dangers of the virus, revealed his positive test result during nationally televised remarks 07 July 2020. "It came back positive," he told reporters from behind a mask. "It began with some indisposition on Sunday and worsened on Monday, with fatigue, fever, and muscle pain," Bolsonaro explained. Nevertheless, the president still considers that attention given to the pandemic in Brazil is exaggerated, even though the South American nation has become one of the world's disease hotspots due to his policies.

Jair Bolsonaro is a far-right former Army captain who has praised the country's past military dictatorship and has insulted women and gay people, as well as the country's black and indigenous populations. His views have earned him the nickname of "Tropical Trump," a reference to the controversial US president. Jair Bolsonaro is a reserve military man and federal deputy. He promised to crackdown on crime by loosening controls on Brazil's already deadly police forces. He guarantees that the Armed Forces will have participation in the government, in the formulation of public policies.

Some people support the return of the military forces to politics because they believe that Brazil's politics is in a "general mess. This electorate is betting on militarism to contain what it views to be a communist and anarchist advance in the country. The candidates linked to the security forces defend the idea that the recovery of military values, such as discipline, integrity and patriotism are the only pillars that can provide a solution to the crisis of political credibility in Brazil.

Jair Messias Bolsonaro, or simply Bolsonaro, was born in Campinas, São Paulo, on March 21, 1955. Son of Perci Geraldo Bolsonaro and Olinda Bonturi Bolsonaro. He attended the Preparatory School for Cadets of the Army and then the Military Academy of the Black Agulhas (AMAN), graduating in 1977.

The politician is a reserve military, since serving the Brazilian Army from 1971 to 1988, where he became captain between 1979 and 1981. His military career was followed by the entry into the Parachute Infantry Brigade in Rio where he specialized in parachuting. In 1986, serving as captain in the 8th Campaign Artillery Group, he gained national prominence by writing an article titled "Salary is Low." The text was published in the View section of Veja magazine. The article generated so much controversy that ended up in the arrest of him, for violating the disciplinary regulation of the Army.

Shortly thereafter, Veja magazine brought a report featuring a plan by then-capt. Bolsonaro to blow up bombs in various units of the Military Village and several barracks. The plan attributed to Bolsonaro and the captain Fabio Passos da Silva provoked immediate reactions of the minister of the Army. Summoned to explain themselves, the defendants free themselves from any guilt. In June 1988, the court ruled that the two captains of the Army were not removed from custody, considering them "victims of a flawed process."

Bolsonaro married Rogéria Nantes Nunes Braga Bolsonaro, city councilwoman in Rio de Janeiro, between 1993 and 2001. From the union, three children were born. Three of them followed a political career: Eduardo Bolsonaro is Federal deputy for São Paulo, Flávio Bolsonaro assumed the mandate of state deputy of Rio de Janeiro in 2003, and Carlos Bolsonaro, of councilman in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, in 2001.

In April 1993, Bolsonaro was one of the founders of the Progressive Reform Party (PPR), born of the merger of the Christian Democratic Party (PDC), with the Social Democratic Party (PDS). Reelected with 88,945 votes, he assumed his new term in February 2003. In the same year, Bolsonaro left PPB to join the PTB. In early 2005, he left the PTB and joined the Liberal Front Party (PFL). In April, he left the PFL and went to the Progressive Party (PP), the new name of PPB, his old label.

By 2018 he was in his seventh term in the Chamber of Deputies, elected by the Progressive Party. He was the most voted deputy of the State of Rio de Janeiro in the general elections of 2014, with 464,565 votes. In this legislative session, Bolsonaro was the head of the Committee on Foreign Relations and National Defense and alternate member of the Committee on Public Security and Combating Organized Crime, in addition to being a member of the Commission on Human and Minority Rights in other sessions.

He is the father of Carlos Bolsonaro, councilman in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Flávio Bolsonaro, deputy state of Rio de Janeiro, and Eduardo Bolsonaro, federal deputy for São Paulo elected by the PSC, party association to which all are currently affiliated.

In its parliamentary mandates, he stood out in the fight against the eroticization of children in schools and by a greater disciplinary rigor in these establishments, by the reduction of the criminal majority, by the armament of the citizen of good and right to the self defense, by the legal security in the police action and for Christian values. He was the creator of the printed vote, to contribute to the holding of more reliable and auditable elections.

Jair Bolsonaro is known for his positions in defense of the family, national sovereignty, the right to property and the social values ??of work and free enterprise. Their political banners are strongly opposed by leftist ideology parties. The parliamentarian defends the period of the Brazilian military dictatorship and is against the disclosure of documents of the time.

In a 1999 televised interview, he said: "I am in favor of torture, you know that, and the people are in favor too. Through the vote, you will not change anything in this country. Anything! Absolutely nothing! Things will change, unfortunately, the day we start a civil war in here. And doing the work that the military regime did not do, killing about 30,000! Some innocent will die, it’s OK."

In a 2011 interview with Playboy, he said: "I would be incapable of loving a homosexual child. I'd rather have a son of mine die in an accident than appear with a mustache next to him." He also endorsed physical punishment to “cure” homosexuality in 2010, during a TV debate on a law to punish physical punishment against children. "Yeah, I think there's the spanking for that. Just as you change a boy's aggressive behavior, you need a spanking, a whipping to be able to change the somewhat delicate behavior for a man.”

"I wouldn’t rape you because you do not deserve it," Bolsonaro told Workers' Party legislator Maria do Rosario in December 2014. In an attempt to explain the phrase, he said: "She does not deserve to be raped because she is very bad, because she is very ugly.” In 2015, Bolsanoro argued "women should earn less because they get pregnant. When she returns [from maternity leave], she will have another month's vacation, meaning she worked five months that year."

In 2003, during a radio interview, he said: “It’s not that a person who can read and write is free of marginality. We have to adopt urgently, yes, against all and against everyone, especially human rights defenders, a strict birth control policy. Enough of giving the means for more and more couples to bring people who don’t have the minimum condition to be a citizen in the future.”

In a public event in 2017, flanked by a Brazilian and an Israeli flag, Bolsonaro said: “I went to a Quilombo (territory inhabited by Afro-Brazilian descendants of escaped slaves). The lightest Afro-descendant weighed seven arrobas (around 225 pounds). They do nothing. I think they don’t even serve to procreate. Over US$245 million is spent on them every year. ... There will be not one centimeter for an Indigenous reserve or for a Quilombola.”

In November 2017, during an audio-taped interview with the Financial Times, Bolsonaro took time to note that people enjoyed “total freedom" during the country's military dictatorship, which lasted from 1964-1984, claiming that Brazilians traveled “to Disneyland and returned home.”

In 2016, during Rousseff's impeachment vote, he used his congressional speaking time to not only rally in favor of her ouster, but also praise Carlos Brilhante Ustra, the colonel who headed the dictatorship's notorious torture program in the 1970s. He cited Ustra as “the source of Dilma Rousseff's dread,” referring to the fact that she, as a young woman, was imprisoned for three years for being a leftist guerrilla and suffered torture, including electrocution under his watch.

Dilma maintained her composure before responding. She told reporters that Bolsonaro's remarks were “regrettable,” a dignified understatement considering the women who had rats shoved in their vaginas and tortured in other ways during those “dark days” marked by Latin American dictatorships.

Having proposed restoring military rule during his political career, Bolsonaro has also been quoted as saying that former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet "should have killed more people.” Moreover, he has said, “Women should earn less because they get pregnant" and "I'd be incapable of loving a homosexual son."

Army Commander-in-Chief, Eduardo Villas-Boas pressured the court's judges to deliver a negative verdict against the former Brazilian President. 03 April 2018 Villas-Boas stated that the armed forces “rejects impunity” and demands “respect for the Constitution, social peace and democracy.” These remarks, which were broadcast by Globo and other corporate media outlets, were sharply criticized by left-wing politicians, who say the comments were meant to intimidate supreme court judges into upholding Lula's corruption conviction.

Brazilian General Luiz Gonzaga Schroeder Lessa told reporters that if the Federal Superior Tribunal did not give the green light to the prison sentence of former President Ignacio Lula da Silva tomorrow, the “only option left would be a military intervention.” “The Armed Forces have to restore public order,” he told the daily Estadao, claiming that if the Tribunal allowed Lula to remain free during the presidential electoral campaign, this decision will foment violence,” a few days after Lula's caravan was repeatedly attacked as he was campaigning for the upcoming elections. General Paulo Chagas affirmed that “we want to avoid that the law changes and that the leader of a criminal organization, sentenced to 12 years in prison, could circulate freely, spreading hate and class struggle.”

In September 2017, 48 percent of Brazilians supported another military coup. That number had risen by March 2018 to 74 percent in Rio: "a laboratory to Brazil," according to General Braga Neto. He headed President Temer's military intervention in Rio and was clearly insinuating his intention to militarize the entire country again – no surprise, given recent events and daily life since 2013, when Brazil experienced its 'Spring.'

Jair Bolsonaro is often labelled the Brazilian version of Donald Trump. His pro-gun, evangelical political platform, marked by a nostalgia for the days of military dictatorship, has drawn the support of the wealthiest segments of Brazilian society and pro-business organisations. Bolsonaro is a defender of Brazil's military dictatorship during the years 1964 to 1985 and has called for reinstating the death penalty. Brazilian voters seldom vote for extremes, whether left or right.

Far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro picked an army reserve general 05 August 2018 to be his running mate for Brazil's October elections. Bolsonaro, who is the candidate of the Social Liberal Party, announced his choice of reserve Gen. Hamilton Mourao, who belongs to the right-wing Brazilian Labor Renewal Party. Brazilian political parties are small and seek to form alliances in setting their presidential tickets. Mourao made headlines in 2017 with comments perceived as supportive of military intervention in politics at a time of widespread corruption. Speaking at a Masonic lodge in Brazil's capital, Mourao said intervention by the armed forces was possible if the country's political problems were not repaired. "Either the courts remove those involved in illicit acts from the public service, or the army will," he said.

Bolsonaro is a congressman and former army captain who has said he will fill his Cabinet with former and current military people. His promises to crack down on corruption and crime have him running second in the polls, though with only about 20 percent in a crowded field of potential candidates and he has come under strong criticism for numerous racist, sexist and homophobic comments over the years.

During the 2016 impeachment of former President Dilma Rousseff of the Workers' Party (PT), he used his congressional speaking time not only to rally in favor of her ouster, but also to praise Carlos Brilhante Ustra, the colonel who headed the dictatorship's notorious torture program in the 1970s. Bolsonaro cited Ustra as "the source of Dilma Rousseff's dread," referring to the fact that, as a young woman, Rousseff had been imprisoned for three years for being a leftist guerrilla and was tortured, including being electrocuted, under his watch.

Bolsonaro adopted a liberal discourse in economics, with the defense of privatizations and adoption of orthodox policies. With little knowledge in the area, he has reaffirmed that he will deliver economic directions to the economist Paulo Guedes, who has Ph.D. from the University of Chicago and was one of the founders of the Millenium Institute. Guedes proposes neoliberal recipes, such as, proposing the privatization of everything, including the Banco do Brasil and Petrobras. He said that it is paramount to sell everything.

The presidential candidate is one of the voices that denounces gender ideology and indoctrination in schools and is against racial quotas in universities. He defends homeschooling and gun holding for the entire population.

If elected, the PSL candidate says he will make room for technical names and for the Armed Forces in the ministries. Those who voted for him saw a supposedly honest candidate who will solve the issue of security against the bandits. That is the speech that is heard. Regarding international relations, there would be a genuflective alignment with US foreign policy.

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Page last modified: 08-01-2021 14:04:39 ZULU