Ushuaia is often referred to as "El Fin Del Mundo," The End of the World. Located at 54 degrees south, Ushuaia is the southernmost city in the world. It is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel, at the southern tip of Tierra del Fuego Island, and surrounded by the Martial Mounts. The southernmost city on Earth, Ushuaia, Argentina is situated on the western coast of the Tierra del Fuego Peninsula and on the northern shore of the Beagle Channel.
Ushuaia’s name comes from the language of the yámanas or yaghanes indians, its original inhabitants, and means “bay that penetrates westward.” Its superlative location allows enjoying sea, mountains and forests at the same time. Its streets steeply climb towards the snow-covered Cerro Martial Mountains to the north. With a humble population of about 35,000, Ushuaia began as a missionary town alongside the Yahgan Indians. Thomas Bridges and his wife were the first permanent white settlers, opening a mission in 1870.
In 1886 the Argentine navy paid a visit to the area and eventually opened a naval base and a convict station. The airport at Ushuaia is the southernmost one on Earth, except for an air force base in Puerto Williams, Chile, which is a smaller village located on the opposite side of the Channel.
Ushuaia is a young city, founded on October 12, 1884 when an argentine expedition arrived to establishing a sub-prefecture. However, some 300 Anglican missionaries of the South American Missionary Society already populated the area. They built the first houses and took care of evangelize the natives.
For Argentinean people Ushuaia began to be known in the early twentieth century when it was decided to build there a prison. The prison of Ushuaia is part of the city’s history and the prisoners were the “first settlers”. The Military Prison that used to operate in Isla de Los Estados, first in San Juan de Salvamento and later in Puerto Cook, was transferred to Ushuaia in 1902 for humanitarian reasons. There were some scarce 40 houses in Ushuaia at that moment. In 1947, with the change in designation from National Territory to a Maritime State, the National Presidency declared the closure of the penitentiary. The installations were transferred to the Marine Ministry. and a Naval Base was established in it in 1950.
The current airport was opened in 1995, replacing the old one. It was constructed of various materials. The airport has been used by various distinct airlines at different periods. It is Argentina's southernmost airport and its sometimes used by passengers as a gateway to the Antarctic. Capacity Ushuaia International Airport is fit to receive airplanes as large as Boeing 747s used to operate such types into the airport, and Aerolíneas Argentinas has also operated 747s into the airport.
Today, Ushuaia is a tourist city with international airport and all necessary services. It is also a cruise port and the closest deepwater port to the Antarctic. Ushuaia has a subpolar oceanic climate. In other words, it's cold, windy, and wet.
A military delegation sent by Argentine President Mauricio Macri on 18 May 2016 signed an agreement on military cooperation with the United States, which entailed the establishment of a US military base in Ushuaia, the southernmost tip of the South American nation. According to a report, among the plans is also the negotiation of another military base in the border with Paraguay and Brazil. Ushuaia is the capital of Tierra del Fuego, whose boundaries extend to Antarctica. The Argentine government justified the installation by saying "scientific work" will be performed there.
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