Neftegaz AVH ( Anchor Handling Vessel )
On 03 December 2014 the Ministry of National Defense, through the Navy Argentina, signed an agreement with Russian state company "Neftegaz razvedka Arktikmor" (AMNGR) for the purchase of four (4) vessels AVH type ( Anchor Handling Vessel) capacity multipurpose polar Class "Neftegaz". These additions could offset the decline in ATA / ATF notices built in the 1940s, currently in service 2 units, A-6 ARA Warrant Officer Castillo and A-9 ARA Alferez Sobral.
The Armada Argentina is to incorporate a fleet of support vessels AHVS type, they belong to Artikmor Neftegaz razvedka, the company's exploration of oil and gas from the Russian Federation. These are: Neftegaz-51, Neftegaz-57, Neftegaz-61 and Tumcha (ex Neftegaz-71). They were built for the Soviet state in Szczecin, Poland, between 1986 and 1990.
Equipped with reinforced hull for polar operations, displace 2723 tons at full load, powered by two diesel engines Sulzer -Zgoda 6ZL 40/48 of 3600hp c / u, although there are differences between the units built after the number keel 60 specific requirements each, which Neftegaz-61 and TUMCHA can almost be considered a class in themselves. They equipped with modern navigation and communication equipment are key to support oil operations, towing and support.
According to the official press release ships "would be arriving to the country in mid-2015 and will replace units over recent years were desafectando by usage time, providing greater safety to navigation and being cheaper for being modern. Of them would eventually materialize incorporated during 2014.
While there was speculation investment cost close to US$ 10 million, the operation eventually amounted to an amount of US$ 8,167,500 for 4 boats. According to the same official information such vessels serve to meet "many useful tasks for the naval service and dual use, even in Antarctic waters, such as search and rescue at sea SAR area of responsibility (14 million km2), towage and rescue patrol to 350 nautical miles and control of maritime spaces, community support with healthcare and science support. It also will allow for containment and mitigation of environmental incidents reaching; make Combined Naval Antarctic Patrol (PANC) with higher performance and flexibility and mobile logistic support to support activities in the Atlantic coastline, and inland Antarctic coast "
Furthermore unofficial information indicates that two ships are in perfect condition, while the other two require overhaul in dry dock before becoming part of the active service of the ARA. The twenty year old vessels are also used by the Russians to supply their offshore rigs and oil industry. The Neftegaz class tugs can also be employed for salvage and pulling operations. They are classified by Russia in the Ice L 1 category meaning they can sail on their own in the Arctic during summer months
The multipurpose vessels also known as 'Supply' class will also be useful for Antarctic supply support; Search and Rescue operations in the framework of the South Atlantic responsibility that Argentina shares with Chile; for humanitarian actions, scientific research and a variety of other operations.
The fleet formation of «Arktikmorneftegazrazvedka» began in 1979 with creation of underwater- engineering and sea transport expeditionary division. The followifng upgraded catching and transport vessels joined the fleet: research vessels «Vladimir Obruchev», «Steregushchiy», «Pulonga», motor vessels «Yamal» and «Taimyr».
As is public knowledge, the four Neftegaz ships sailed from Africa to Argentina in 2015. The government acquired these four multipurpose vessels for the Antarctic campaigns and perform tasks in the South Atlantic. The total cost of the acquisition was around US$10 million, which included the set-up, the course of vessels, delivery of spare parts and tools for future maintenance.
|name||No.||Built||In service||Apostadero Images|
|"Puerto Argentino||A21||Szczecin, Poland||1990||Puerto Belgrano|
|"Strait San Carlos||A22||Szczecin, Poland||1990||Puerto Belgrano|
|"Pleasant Bay||A23||Szczecin, Poland||1990||Mar del Plata|
|"Falkland Islands||A24||Szczecin, Poland||1990||Ushuaia|
Classification and registration
|Name :||“NEFTEGAZ-51/55/57" / “Pasvik" / “Tumcha"|
|Ship owner:||FSUE “ARKTIKMORNEFTEGAZRAZVEDKA"|
|Port of registry:||Murmansk, Russia|
|Shipyard and year of building:||Szczecin, Poland, 1986,1987,1987.|
|Classification society:||Russian Register|
|Length overall:||81,37 m|
|Length between perpendiculars:||71,45 m|
|Molded breadth:||16,30 m|
|Cargo draft:||5,0 m|
|Gross tonnage:||2723 t|
|Total deadweight:||1393 t|
|Net tonnage:||805 t|
|Deck measurements:||36, 5 ? 11,35 = 414,28 m2|
|Deck cargo capacity:||600 t|
|Deck strength:||5 t/m2|
|Light ship condition:||Zg = 6,11 m|
|Full deck cargo/all tanks empty:||Zg = 4,53 m|
Mooring and cargo handling equipment
|Anchor chain/ length / dimension:||2 ? 550 m / 40 mm|
|Anchor windlass, power/ hoisting speed :||55 kW / 17 m/min (3 speed )|
|Capstans, speed power:||3 speed, 50 ?N|
|Lifting capacity:||12,5 t|
|Hoisting speed:||30 m/min.|
|Length of boom:||starboard 12 m, port side 3 m|
|Auxiliary winches:||350 m / 20 mm|
|Speed :||3 ???????? / 50 ??|
Navigation and communication equipment
|Mobile phone:||Mini-M (Nera, T&T)|
|Gyro compass :||1 ? VEGA|
|Echo sounder:||NEL - M3B (0 - 500 m)|
|Electronic log:||IEL - 2 M|
Firefighting communication equipment
|Pumps:||2 ? 12 kg/cm2|
|Water columns:||4 ? DWP-24|
|Max. jet height at 320 elevation:||55 m|
Engine and machinery
|Main engines:||ZULCER 2 x 3600 hp. Total : 7200 hp|
|Propellers :||2 twin screw variable pinch propellers in nozzles|
|Bow thrusters:||Diesel 1 ? 384 kW (approx. 507 hp). |
|Rudders:||2 rudders Space-type|
|Auxiliary engines:||3 ? 6 AL 20/24 420 kW generators, 1 ? 125 kW emergency diesel generator|
|Bollard pull:||80 t|
|Tow / anchor winch:|
|Manufacturer, model:||Tovimor - Torun, Poland. HD 150 A 0202|
|Number of drums:||2|
|Drum capacity:||1200 m – steel wire 60 mm in dia.|
|Speed / drum pulling capacity:||150 t each|
|Tow wire, length / dimensions:||1000 m - 60 mm in dia.|
|Auxiliary tow wire:||1000 m - 60 mm in dia.|
Speed / consumption
|Max., fully loaded:||15 knots / 20 t / 24 h.|
|Economic, fully loaded:||8,5 knots / 12 t / 24 h.|
|Standby:||1,5 MGO t / 24 h.|
|Quality of fuel used:||IFO-60, MGO|
Dry bulk cargo capacity
|Storage capacity:||4 ? 38 m3, total: 152 m3|
|Compressor capacity:||2 ? 140 m3/h.|
|Operating pressure:||0,35 mPa|
Liquid cargo capacity
|Store of ballast drilling water:||400 t|
|Discharge rate of ballast drilling water:||2 ? 100 m3/h. 0,65 mPa|
|Portable water store:||300 t|
|Portable water discharge rate:||1 ? 100 m3/h. 0,65 mPa|
|Fuel oil store:||700 t|
|Fuel oil discharge rate:||1 ? 68 m3/h. 0,63 mPa|
Buques de Desembarco Anfibio
The preservation of Argentine interests and substantial natural resources (demand growing world) can not be left solely in the hands of international law. The departure of ARA Cabo San Antonio (Q-42) left the ARA without one of its three main group of historical tasks, and no ability to project the Marines (IMARA) and equipment and support systems.
The current reality is that there is a need to protect not only the Province-island of Tierra del Fuego, strategic and countless canals and Tierra del Fuego Islands and the immense Patagonian coast, make the need for ARA to regain projection capability infantry forces is one of the most acute priorities of force.
During his visit to Buenos Aires in November 2009, French Defence Minister Herve Morin, provided technical cooperation to build an French designed amphibious assault ship in the shipyards of Argentina. At that time, the two countries agreed to coordinate a visit to the Argentina of a delegation from the DGA.
According to reports, the ship France offered to the Argentina was the Foudre TCD (L9011), which entered service in Marina Nacional in 1990. The boat will be replaced by a new unit of the Mistral class, the Dixmude. Foudre measures 168 metrs long, has a displacement of 12,000 tons, can reach a maximum speed of 21 knots and has a crew of 220 officers and sailors. Internal compartments have capacity for 10 landing boats, trucks, armoured light and has a hangar with capacity for four medium size helicopters of 9 tons. The ship also offers great potential for use in humanitarian relief operations and can easily be adapted to include hospital facilities with 50 beds and two fully equipped surgical rooms.
In June 2010 it was reported that the French Government had proposed to transfer to the Argentina one of the two ships of the Foudre class, so that the Argentine navy can solve the deficit that exists in the absence of one of these ships. Between 2006 and 2007, France tried to move to the Argentina two ships of the Ouragan (Ouragan and Orage) class, which would be reviewed at the local shipyard before moving to Argentina. However, the acquisition was rejected by the authorities of the country in South America, who declared that the ships had a high content of asbestos.
Analyzing in detail the possible scenarios in which the IMARA could be involved, it is clear that the ARA needs at least two units of amphibious landing with flooded cellar (LPD Landing Platform Dock), and platform for at least a couple of medium assault helicopters, ideally 6 aircraft units. Given the current budgetary situation ofthe Argentina Navy, one choice would be the new LPD of Korean origin Makassar class, of which four units had been built for the Navy of Indonesia, and two began building in Peru under Korean supervision andassistance.
Makassar Class Amphibious landing ships [buques de desembarco anfibio] (LPD) were originally designed by Daesun Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering for Indonesia. These modern ships built under Lloyd's civil standards have become successful exports for the division of shipbuilding industrial giant Daewoo.
The first client, Navy Indonesia, in December 2004 signed a contract for 150 million dollars for the purchase of four vessels through the credit line for export. Under the contract the first two ships were built in Busan, South Korea, by Daesun, with the last built entirely in Indonesia with Korean assistance and transfer of technology.
Daersun began with the construction of the first ship of the class, the KRI Makassar (590) in December 2006 and commissioned in April 2007. The keel of KRI Surabaya (591) was placed in December 2006. The ship was launched in March 2007 and commissioned in August 2007. The cutting of the first plate of the first of two ships built in Indonesia, the KRI Banjarmasin (592), began in October 2006, it was released in August 2008 and commissioned in November 2009. The last ship class, KRI Banda Aceh (593), began in December 2007, was floated in March 2010, entered into service in the Navy of Indonesia in March 2011.
The LPD class Makassar are deployed mainly by amphibious forces to transport equipment, military vehicles and cargo operations. Boats can also be used in humanitarian and natural disaster management operations, and have the ability to operate as a hospital ship. The four ships of the series are equipped with combat information systems and communication systems to operate within the group of warships. The ships are armed to protect the landing of the airborne troops, combat vehicles and helicopters. The crew is composed 126 officers and sailors, 354 Marines, and have facilities for 27 guests, and a Flag Officer Task flagship.
The landing flooded well dock will allow carrying and deploying two landing craft LCU (Landing Craft Unit) type of 23 m. or 14 amphibious vehicles AAVP-7 type. The ships in the series can carry a total of 35 vehicles and troop carriers, tanks and other tactical vehicles. For landing in Port of their vehicles has a Roll-On / Roll-Off forward ramp.
The first two ships of the class, KRI KRI Makassar and Surabaya, were based on the configuration of LPD ships Tanjung Dalpele. They have a length of 122 meters, a beam of 22 meters and draft of 4.9 meters. Its standard displacement is 7,300 tons. with up to 11,300 tons. at full load. They also have three helicopter landing points and fixed hangar and support facilities for three media type Eurocopter Super Puma helicopters or Bell 412. The weapon system includes a 40 mm Bofors cannon and double launchers Sinbad MBDA Mistral missiles. A Oerlikon 20mm cannon mounted in the 'B' position of the ship.
The last two ships, built entirely in Indonesia, the KRI KRI Banjarmasin and Banda Aceh, were reconfigured by adding a complex Systems Command, Control and Communications to operate as command ships. Its main features are identical to the first two ships of serious, except for its length, which extended up to 125 meters. The redesign also incorporated stealth technology for town and island of command. In addition, the dote of a main gun Bofors 57mm Super Rapid, and two close defense systems composed of two double launchers MBDA Sinbad and two Bofors 40 / L70 40mm cannons.
In addition to having the same capabilities load the two first vessels of the series, Banjarmasin and Banda Aceh also had a flight deck and hangar extended to operate with five medium helicopters, instead of the original three, but they see reduced its carrying capacity troops to 220 men. The Makassar class has a propulsion system CODAD (combinated Diesel And Diesel) MAN diesel engines with two B & W 8L28 / 32A. Each engine with a rated output of 1,960 kW driving two axes independently or directly. In addition, each vessel is equipped with a bow thruster for better maneuverability. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 15 kt and a range of 10,000 nautical miles. The autonomy of each ship is 30 days.
The second contract these ships, two units for the Navy of Peru (PGMs) was signed in October 2012 through a Memorandum of Comprehensive Understanding for the development of the Peruvian naval industry with integrated manufacturing under shipyards Navy Industrial service (SIMA-PERU), with assistance, equipment and transfer of technology by the Korean shipyard, amounting to 80 million dollars per unit.
The contract for two ships LPD type with normal flight deck, called by the PGMs as "multipurpose vessel of Makassar Class" [ “Buque Multipropósito de la Clase Makassar"] stipulates two vessels of similar characteristics to the first two ships of Indonesia. Its main differences in the Peruvian version would, according to unofficial reports, a flight deck optimized for two heavy helicopters UH type / SH-3D Sea King and a hangar for a unit of this type, and the weapon system, which It would consist of an Oto Melara 76/62 mm Compatto cannon and two mounts Breda-Bofors 40 / L70 of 40 mm.