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Almirante Brown [Meko 360 H2]

the first unit built in Germany arrived in the country in 1984, belonging to a series of evolved destroyers. They were designed and built according to a modular system that allows technological changes in weapons and systems, without affecting the operation. This design is the origin of the name MEKO, hence the vessels they are known as Meko 360; the number is due to the standard displacement of 3600 tons.

This construction meets the criterion of weapon systems and detection equipment, old before the ship itself; that is why being built modularly and assembled in the ship, its replacement by a more advanced weapon or higher performance equipment is simpler You can change a radar gun or within hours only. Thus is achieved prolong the life of the ship, as the hull, main engines and auxiliary reach a stability far superior to that of weapons and sensors.

The MEKO design concept was first implemented with the Type MEKO 360. The figures 360 are an indication of the 3,600 t displacement which made the MEKO the largest frigate at the time. Its gas turbines will propel it to a maximum speed of more than 30 knots. For its cruising speed of approx. 20 knots, either gas turbines can be used, or as an alternative, diesel engines. The power is transmitted to two shafts terminating in variable pitch propellers.

The bunker capacity is large enough to allow a range of some 4,000 sea miles. The MEKO 360 can be supplied in two versions. The H1 version has a hangar for an on-board helicopter whilst the hangar on the H2 version is large enough to accommodate two helicopters, which can be maintained on board.

For the detection and combat with air, surface or submarine targets, the ships are equipped with the corresponding sensors and effectors as required by the particular Navy with which they are to serve. The data that is generated is then processed in the digital data processing system in the ops control centre, providing the ship's crew with all the information it requires, even including a recommendation as to which weapons systems are best deployed in a particular situation. Combined with a sophisticated external communications systems, the data processing systems in the MEKO 360 mean that these frigates are outstanding as lead ships for all patrol and monitoring operations at sea.

For engaging surface targets, a 127 mm gun and OTOMAT or EXOCET missiles are installed. Together with the on-board helicopters fitted out specifically for the purpose, the range of the ship-to-surface missiles is extended beyond the horizon. The arrangement of the artillery provides a full 360 degree coverage. Underwater targets are engaged with anti-submarine torpedoes, launched either from the helicopter or from triple torpedo tubes.

The Argentine fleet is now a much more modern and homogeneous force than it was in 1982. A medium term program to refit and upgrade the four Meko 360 frigates has been moving at a slow pace, due to the economic situation, but it is expected to gain momentum under the pressure of Chile's acquisition of five newer and more modern second hand frigates. The first stage of the Meko 360 modernisation aimed to complete development of a locally-designed combat management system, to be installed in those destroyers, which was being tested in ARA Hercules. The CMS upgrade would be followed by an update of sensors and weapons.

In 1990 it was reported that Argentina was trying to sell two Meko-360 type rocket-carrying frigates, of German origin, to Iran, and was offering his "pampa" planes and the "TAM" (Argentine Medium-size Tank), a "family" of armored vehicles that includes troop transports. But nothing came of these schemes.

During his August 2011 visit to the Naval Base of Puerto Belgrano, the Argentine Defense Minister Arturo Puricelli, it announced new investments under the Plan of Military Capabilities (CAMIL), which includes the modernization, short - term, two destroyers type Meko 360 and three corvettes Meko 140 kinds of Argentina Navy War. While he did not say what the total cost of these retrofits will be, he assured that they would be allocated an extra item in the defense budget for 2011.

Among the considerations of such modernization, it is speculated what the technicians to make changes will be. For example, if you adapt the Olympus Motors or General Electric Spey, if missiles were adopted antiship MM40 Block II or Block III (so far, the most used by the Navy is the Block I), which sonars are adapted, or if They will acquire new radars or, on the contrary, will be scanned today, based on an agreement with the INVAP.



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Page last modified: 09-06-2016 19:05:35 ZULU