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Madagascar President - Albert Zafy - 1993-1996

Presidential elections were held on November 25, 1992, after the High Constitutional Court had ruled, over "Active Forces" objections, that Ratsiraka could become a candidate. Runoff elections were held in February 1993, and the leader of the Hery Velona movement, Albert Zafy, defeated Ratsiraka. Zafy was sworn in as President on March 27, 1993.

The son of a peasant family, Catholic and conservative, was born on May 1, 1927 to Betsiaka (Ambilobe) in the province of Diego Suarez. Catholic, he received his secondary education at the school of the Myre Vilers and Protestant establishment Paul Minault in Antananarivo. In 1951 he arrived for the first time in France. Albert ZAFY moved to Montpellier where he attended and completed his studies in general surgery option medicine. He obtained his honors degree in thoracic surgery. He knew at that time Doctor Vigouroux. Incidentally, he won licenses in mathematics and physics.

During his stay, the French did not fail to celebrate each year in France the date of "February 21" the day of the anti-colonial struggle (or against neo-colonialism ). History says it earned him a truncheon on the head. In 1964 he returned to Madagascar to work for the surgery service of the public Antananarivo Hospital. He also, during those same years, established a family in marrying Therese Auguste Zafimahova, daughter of Antoine and Marie Anne Zafimahova Kemba, girl Antesaka in the traditional rite Antakarana. Albert and Teresa had three children.

He returned to Paris 1966-1970 for its aggregation surgery where he was assistant Professor Cabrol. This patriot, despite the advantageous proposals abroad particularly in France, never hesitated to live in Madagascar to serve his country. Returning home, he became the head of the surgery department at the General Hospital of Antananarivo all by teaching sémeilogie and surgical pathology at the medical faculty of the University of Madagascar later became the University of Antananarivo.

From 1972 to 1975 he was minister of Social Affairs following the call of the new head of government General Gabriel RAMANANTSOA who received the full powers of the President Philibert TSIRANANA. Monopolizing power in 1975 following the assassination of Colonel Ratsimandrava, head of state, Didier Ratsiraka organized a "referendum" plebiscite on three questions. Albert ZAFY did vote on a RATSIRAKA NO, NO tO "RED BOOK," NO tO tHE CONSTITUTION. Socialism Ratsiraka is installed, he returned to his two passions - medicine and education.

He founded the KMZ -Committee Defense of Human-Rights with among others MANAMBELONA teachers (nuclear energy) and RANDRIAMAMPANDRY (cardiologist ). He always demanded the release of Commander Richard ANDRIAMAHOLISON who was released on 26 June 1990 by the French President François Mitterrand. Professor Albert ZAFY was not a member of any party the National Front for the Defense of the Revolution (AREMA FNDR , MONIMA, MFM, VSM, VONJY, AKFM, UDECMA) the only legal political framework.

In 1990, following the multi party law in March, he created I'UNDD National -Union for Democracy and Development, which he chaired. Following two National Consultations held in August and December 1990 by the FFKM - Christian Council of Churches Madagascar- in Antananarivo, Albert ZAFY was projected in front of the political scene by becoming the President of the Permanent Committee Forces Vives is the governing body of the National Council of the Forces Vives with 80 political parties organizations, trade unions and employers, socio-professional organizations, associations, etc.

On July 16, 1991 the Forces Vives elected him to be the head of the transitional government to manage after RATSIRAKA admiral. He became the leader of the protest of the Malagasy people to recover dignity and advance the gains of democracy. After the signing of the Convention of 31 October 1991, Albert ZAFY become President of the High Authority of the State during the period transient.

On February 10, 1993 Albert ZAFY was elected President of the Third Republic (66.74% to 33.26% against Mr. ZAFY Mr Ratsiraka).

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Page last modified: 13-10-2016 19:38:28 ZULU