Madagascar President - Hery Rajaonarimampianina - 2014-20??
President of the Republic since 25 January 2014, Antananarivo Antsofinondry Avaradrano was born November 6, 1958 in Malagasy State. He married Voahangy Rajaonarimampianina and was father of 5 children. In 1982 he graduated in economics at the Institution of higher education of law, economy , management and social sciences (EESDEGS) of the University of Antananarivo Ankatso. He continued his studies in Canada and earned a Master in finance and accounting at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, four years later. He gained his accounting degree in 1991 from the Certified General Accountants Association in Canada. In 1991 he bcame director of studies at the National Institute of accounting Sciences and Business Administration (INSCAE), a position he held until 1995.
During this period he exercised together all the accounting profession. During this period, he also taught at the University of Antananarivo and the Institute of Administration of companies Metz, France. In 1995 he founded an accounting firm and statutory auditors. With a fifty employees, the firm operated throughout Madagascar in many industries on behalf of commercial companies, national and international organizations, projects financed by donors. In 2003 he was elected President of the of accountants and Auditors of Madagascar, a position he held for five years. In 2004 is also appointed Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council of the accounts or advise the Committee for the safeguarding integrity. In 2009, Hery Rajaonarimampianina joined the transitional government as Minister of Finance and Budget. In July 2011, he became Chairman of the Board of Directors of Air Madagascar.
The establishment of a democratic government was a critical milestone in ending the political crisis that had paralyzed the country since the 2009 coup and marked the culmination of a transitional process brokered by mediators acting on behalf of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Civilian authorities did not always maintain effective control over the security forces.
By July 2009 political debate in Madagascar was no longer about counter-coups or reinstating Ravalomanana. The major political actors were actively engaged in a web of backroom deals (whether to obtain amnesty, find a power-sharing formula, or achieve the release of high-profile political prisoners), running parallel to their public efforts.
In October and December 2013, the country held presidential and legislative elections for the first time since an illegitimate civilian regime headed by former de facto president Andry Rajoelina assumed power in a military-backed coup in 2009. Both presidential and legislative elections were peaceful and deemed generally free and fair by international observers. Despite irregularities that led to the cancellation of results by the special electoral court (CES) in four districts, international observers -- including the EU, African Union, Francophonie, and Carter Center -- deemed the elections generally free and fair. On 17 January 2014 the CES announced the official results, confirming Hery Rajaonarimampianina’s election as president, with 53 percent of the vote, compared with 47 percent for rival candidate Jean-Louis Robinson.
The country inaugurated Hery Rajaonarimampianina in January 2014. In the weeks that followed, the president appointed a prime minister and cabinet, and an elected national assembly was instituted for a five-year term. The first session of the national assembly, which began in February 2014, officially ended the five-year political transition.
Communal and senatorial elections, considered important milestones in the transition to democracy, still had not occurred. On July 31, the country held municipal elections. They were marked by low turnout (25 percent) and irregularities, including the exclusion of qualified voters from the rolls, lack of independence of the CENI-T (the independent election authority), cancellation of elections in 19 communes, and other problems.
Progress toward political stability following the transition has been steady, enabling the government to rebuild institutions and step up reforms. The period 2014-15 was somewhat overshadowed by political instability that prevented the implementation of deep-rooted reforms. Recent political developments, including the municipal and Senatorial elections, have strengthened institutional stability. Governance issues, especially corruption, weigh on the effectiveness of reform measures, but are starting to be addressed as well.
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