Guinea - Political Parties
There were two main parties in Ghana, the ruling NDC led by incumbent President John Dramani Mahama and the main opposition NPP led by Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo. They have been prominent since the re-introduction of constitutional rule in 1992 winning and losing presidential elections to each other.
Guinea's National Assembly is made of 114 members with a 5 year mandate. Guinea held its first multi-party legislative elections in June 1995, in which 850 candidates representing 21 out of the 46 legalized parties participated. Sixty percent of National Assembly seats went to the President's Party of Unity and Progress (PUP). The PLD is not among the parties that won representation in the legislature at the 1995 elections.
The PUP continues to dominate all three branches of government. President Conte won a second 5 year term in the December 1998 election which was marked by widespread irregularities, violence and civil unrest. Guinean law restricts freedom of assembly. In the period leading up to the 1998 presidential elections the government used its power to thwart unwanted political activity. In April 1998, police arrested two opposition party members of the National Assembly on charges of holding an unauthorized meeting. There were also reports of harassment of the RPG opposition party.
The Parti Liberal Democratique (PLD) was founded on January 20, 1992. The PLD was recognized as a legal political party by the Guinean government on 2 April 1992. The PLD headquarters is located at Quartier Kenien, Commune de Dixinn, Boite postale 1678, Conakry, Guinea. The principal leaders of the PLD are: Yasane Mohammed, Diallo Thierno Hassa, Guilavogui Zeze, Conte Mohamed Babayore, Toure Mariama, Haba Cece, Kaba Falilou, Camara Naby, Balse Mamadou Oury, and Thiam Saidou Nourou. The PLD was a member of the "Groupe de Mariador." This was an early meeting of elements of the political class to demonstrate their support for Guinea's democratic evolution. The meeting at the Mariador Hotel in Conakry took place on May 8, 1992 and could be classified as an opposition grouping in its day.
On 31 September 1993, the PLD joined the Alliance pour la democratie et le progres (ADP). The ADP was composed of the COSALAC and MOSALAC parties. The PLD's participation in the ADP clearly shifted their position from political opponent to political ally. While the PLD originated as an "opposition group" committed to the idea of Guinea becoming a multi-party democracy, the PLD later, as a member of the ADP committed its support to General Lansana Conte as the leading candidate for president of Guinea at the time.
Legislative elections were held in 2002. As a result of the 2002/2001 incursions into Guinea financed largely by Charles Taylor, President Conte´ postponed the 2000 legislative elections until 2002. Then in 2001 he succeeded in modifying the Constitution in a referendum that removed the two term limit and age restrictions for presidential candidates and extended the presidential term from 5 to 7 years. Troubled by these maneuvers to retain power and the lack of a level playing field in the electoral system, several of the opposition political parties boycotted the 2002 legislative elections with the result that the government PUP party gained 91 of the 114 seats in the unicameral legislature. The UFR opposition parties won 20 seats and other parties received 3 seats.
Greatly concerned about the inequities in the electoral system, thirty-three political parties, including the PUP, met in July 2003 and agreed to a memorandum on electoral reform that was sent to the governmental. They called for five main changes: (1) the creation of an independent Electoral Commission; (2) the strict neutrality of government officials during elections, (3) media liberalization and the authorization of private radio ownership, (4) institution of transparent ballot boxes, and (5) the use of a single ballot during elections. President Conte’s regime did not agree to these conditions, so opposition parties boycotted the December 2003 presidential elections, a decision which again gave a landslide victory to President Conte´.
Elections had been scheduled to take place in 2007, but the term of the National Assembly was increased due to delays caused by a general strike and with issues in setting up the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI). The election has subsequently been repeatedly delayed due to various problems, including funding, issues over voter registration, and a military coup d'etat. In July 2013, the UN brokered a compromise between the government and the opposition, paving the way for the election to occur.
There are 124 legitimate political parties. The main political parties are as follows:
- Rally of the People's Union (Rassemblement du Peuple de Guinée) : the ruling party, founded in 1963, and in 1992 it was registed to become a legal political party. Members are mostly Marinai people. The purpose of the party is to liberate the people of Guinea from all forms of oppression, to unite the whole people, to build a democratic and free society on the basis of equality and fraternity, and to achieve national unity, national independence, economic prosperity and social justice. The Alliance candidate Alpha - Conte (Alpha Condé) in 2010 Nian 11 was elected president. In 2012 Guinea Awami League joint 44 political parties form a coalition Guinean People's Alliance - Rainbow Coalition (the Arc-RPG-EN-Ciel). The current general secretary Saloum Cissé in 2013 was elected Member of the National Assembly, and in 2014 was elected deputy speaker.
- Guinea Alliance of Democratic Forces (of Union des Forces Démocratiques de Guinée) : Opposition. Founded in 1991. The purpose of the party: on the basis of social solidarity and national reconciliation, the establishment of democratic and legal countries, the country out of poverty, to achieve sustainable development, to protect the legitimate rights and freedoms of all citizens. Main Xise Lu · Dhahran · Diallo (Diallo Cellou Dalein) , had 2004 Nian Zhi 2006 he was appointed prime minister. In 2010 it won the first round of presidential elections in March 43.69% of the vote, but lost the election in the second round of elections.
- Guinea Republican Alliance forces (of Union des Forces Républicaines) : Opposition. Was established in 1992 . Party purpose: to achieve national reconciliation, the establishment of democracy, a pluralistic society, change the country's political, economic and social backwardness. Sidya Touré in 1996 he was appointed prime minister, and in 2013 was elected Member of the National Assembly.
- Guinea Progressive Rejuvenation Union (Union du Progrès et du Renouveau) : Participating party. Former Republican opposition New Progressive Party alliance and the revival in 1998 date when the merger made. Members are mostly pound people. The purpose of the party: the establishment of a decentralized legal system on the basis of respect for freedom and the protection of multiparty democracy, strengthening national unity and social cohesion, opposing all forms of ethnocentrism and localism in order to achieve sustainable development and The goal of well-being, and comprehensively promote economic, social and cultural construction. Chairman Osman - bar (Ousmane Bah) , the current ministerial special adviser presidential palace.
The 2013 parliamentary elections were the first to be held since 2002. They had been constitutionally due by 2007 but the National Assembly was dissolved following a coup in December 2008. Presidential elections took place in September and November 2010, thereby ending a period of military rule. However, parliamentary elections, initially scheduled for December 2011, were successively postponed due to various reasons, including a dispute over the composition of the election commission and the subsequent refusal by the opposition to register candidates for the elections.
According to the official results, President Alpha Condé's Rally of the Guinean People (RPG) Rainbow came in first, winning 53 seats in the 114-member National Assembly. Its allies took seven seats. Two opposition parties led by former prime ministers came in third and fourth: The Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG) of Mr. Mamadou Cellou Dalein Diallo took 37 seats and the Union of Republican Forces (UFR) of Mr. Sidya Touré, took 10. Other opposition parties took seven seats. The opposition forces rejected the result of the poll. International observers, including UN, EU, and Ecowas, said "breaches and irregularities were observed in a certain number of constituencies.
During the election campaign, the RPG ran on the government's record, including reforms and infrastructure investments. The opposition forces urged voters to sanction the Government, accusing the President of not doing enough to improve standards of living.
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