Cameroon - 2011 Election
In October 2011 President Biya was re-elected in a poll marked by irregularities, but one which most observers believed reflected popular sentiment.
In April 2013 the country held its first Senate elections. The ruling CPDM won 54 of the 70 elected seats; an additional 30 senators were appointed by the president, in accordance with the constitution. The elections were peaceful and generally free and fair. In June 2013 the Senate elected a president, Marcel Niat Njifenji, who is the designated successor to the president of the country in case of a vacancy.
In September 2013 the country held simultaneous legislative and municipal elections, with 29 parties participating in the legislative election and 35 in the municipal election. The CPDM won 148 of 180 parliamentary seats and 305 of 360 municipal council positions, representing gains for opposition parties compared with the parliament elected in 2007. In preparation Elections Cameroon (ELECAM), whose members were appointed by the president, recompiled voter rolls using biometric technology and issued biometric voter identification cards that were required at polling booths. Despite irregularities such as the inconsistent use of identification cards due to lack of expertise of local polling officials, opposition parties generally accepted the results. The high voter turnout (70 percent) and ELECAMís administration of the election were viewed as major improvements over previous elections.
On 21 July 2015, President Biya appointed Abdoulaye Babale to replace Sani Taminou as ELECAMís director general of elections. Observers considered the appointment an attempt to resolve a leadership crisis between the chairman of ELECAMís Electoral Board and its director general of elections. The crisis could have ultimately impaired ELECAMís capacity to implement its mandate and organize credible elections, and the replacement was seen as a positive step.
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