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Benin - Foreign Relations

Abroad, Benin has strengthened ties with France, the former colonial power, as well as the United States and the main international lending institutions. Benin also has adopted a mediating role in the political crises in Liberia, Guinea-Bissau, and Togo and provided a contribution to the UN force in Haiti. Benin had peacekeeping forces, under the UN aegis, in Cote d'Ivoire and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Benin's democratic standing, stability, and positive role in international peacekeeping have helped Benin's international stature continue to grow. Benin enjoys stable relations with Nigeria, the main regional power. Benin held a seat on the UN Security Council; its membership term ended December 31, 2005. On January 29, 2012 President Yayi was elected to the 1-year post of Chairman of the African Union.

Despite a modest economic weight in WAEMU and ECOWAS, Benin can play its image as a "good student" of West Africa to weigh in international relations. He is a diplomat whose competence is recognized and is active in international organizations. Since April 2016, the chairmanship of the ECOWAS Commission has been handled by Benin, Marcel Alain de Souza.

Benin participates in 8 of the 16 ongoing UN peacekeeping operations, mainly in the DRC in Monusco (486 men) and in Mali in the 419-strong MINUSMA. It should also be recalled that the Partnership Agreement between the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States and the European Community was signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000.

In accordance with the African Union Road Map adopted by the Heads of State andGovernment in January 2016, the Government of Benin, in liaison with the United Nations, elaborated a National Roadmap for the consideration in Benin of the demographic dividend. In this regard, the Government's Action Program provides for a number ofwhose achievement will strengthen sustainable human development.

Benin, on 15 November 2016, on the occasion of the high-level plenary session of the COP22, held in Marrakech, announced the creation of an International Research Center to respond concretely to the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa, in connection with the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture. The country supports the various initiatives, notably those of France, aimed at the United Nations to put in place a third generation of fundamental rights that would be embodied Global Compact for the Environment. Benin supports the creation of the Palestinian State, a full member of the United Nations and living in good agreement with Israel, will create the momentum that will lower the tensions in this region.

HE Mr. Aurlien A. Agbnonci, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Coooperation, stated in the General Debate of the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly 19-25 September 2017, that "The Security Council must be recomposed to take account of the changeshave taken place on the international scene over the past decades. We can not on one sidecalling for respect for democracy in all countries and, paradoxically, not wanting itbe implemented in the reform of the Security Council. This reform, we hope very much, will make it possible to repair the injustice done to Africa, which is the only continent not represented in the category of permanent members of the Council. The position of Benin on this issue is consistent with that of Africa, as expressed through the consensus Ezulwini."

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