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2015 - Coup

Presidential Security Regiment [RSP] members launched a coup attempt 16 September 2015. The guard was unhappy that the transitional government had barred supporters of former President Blaise Compaore from running in upcoming elections. RSP leader General Gilbert Diendere took power but was forced to step down a few days later after pressure from protesters, the army and the West African bloc ECOWAS. Diendere said he regretted the coup attempt.

Burkina Faso's military said the elite presidential guard behind the coup attempt refused to be disarmed, one of the conditions the junta agreed to in a peace deal with the army. The army said the planned disarmament of the guard had reached a "dead end" because soldiers will not give up their weapons and because of "ambiguous behavior" of RSP chief and coup leader General Gilbert Diendere.

During the failed coup, General Gilbert Diendere's forces detained the interim president, prime minister and several Cabinet members. The guard was unhappy the interim government barred supporters of former president Blaise Compaore from running in upcoming elections. General Diendere held power for nearly a week but was forced to step down under pressure from the army, demonstrators, and the West African bloc ECOWAS.

The soldiers of the Presidential Security Regiment (RSP) announced 17 September 2015 they had dissolved the authorities of the transition. Headed by General Gilbert Diendéré, a close friend of former President Blaise Compaore, the coup leaders sequestered the executive, including President Michel Kafando and Prime Minister Isaac Zida. Since the announcement of the coup, civil society organizations, the "citizen broom" in mind, called on the citizens of Burkina Faso and the army to defend their democracy. The UN Security Council met in camera to take stock of the situation in the country and condemn this coup de force of the RSP.

A phone-leak scandal implicated Cote d'Ivoire's parliamentary president Guillaume Soro, accused of fomenting September’s military coup. The "affair Soro-Bassolé" was essentially leaked recordings of a phone conversation between Burkina Faso's former Foreign Minister Djibril Bassolé and Côte d'Ivoire's parliamentary president Guillaume Soro. In the discussion, the two men are heard plotting the failed coup that was carried out by presidential guards loyal to Blaise Compaore on September 16th.

On 18 September 2015 the African Union announced the suspension of the country and sanctions against the putschists: they were prohibited from traveling and their assets abroad are frozen. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is initiating mediation. The putschists said they had freed the transitional president and ministers from his government. Senegalese President Macky Sall, also president of ECOWAS, met General Gilbert Diendéré in Ouagadougou. The president of Benin, Boni Yayi, Mediator of ECOWAS for Burkina Faso, was also in the capital. The aim of the meeting, he said, was to "achieve a return to normal constitutional life", to the "release of the president and ministers". People everywhere refused the coup d'etat.

On 20 September 2015 the mediators of the ECOWAS proposed a "draft political agreement of exit of crisis", providing to restore President Kafando and amnesty the putschists, which divided the country, provoking numerous demonstrations. The next day, President Kafando was exfiltered and welcomed to the French Embassy. The United States asked its citizens to leave.

On 22 September 2015 the loyalist army entered the capital without resistance. The transitional Prime Minister Isaac Zida, in the hands of the putschists since the coup, was freed. At 10 pm, the loyalist forces and the men of the RSP signed an agreement of appeasement before the Mogho Naba, the king of the Mossis and moral authority in Burkina Faso.

Presidential guards agreed 23 September 2015 to remain in their barracks while Burkina Faso armed forces retreated from the capital Ouagadougou, the broadcaster reported. African leaders are to oversee the implementation of the deal. The coup triggered clashes between guards and protesters that reportedly left 10 people dead and over 100 injured. The breakthrough came a day after the regular army entered Ouagadougou to suppress presidential guards loyal to the country’s ousted president Blaise Compaore, who was overthrown in a popular uprising in 2014.

On 23 September 2015 the Transitional President Michel Kafando was officially re-invested as President of the transition during a ceremony in the early afternoon. General Diendéré on his part presented official apologies to the Burkinabè. According to hospital sources, in a week at least 10 protesters were killed and dozens more injured.

On 26 September 2015 the investigating judge charged with investigating the perpetrators of the putsch ordered the freezing of the assets of the alleged perpetrators and their accomplices. At the top of the list was General Diendéré, his wife, and former Minister of Security Sidi Paré, who had been dismissed on 25 October at the Council of Ministers.

On 29 September 2015 the African Union lifted the suspension of Burkina Faso, following the return of President Kafando.

The general behind the failed coup in Burkina Faso surrendered to the country's transitional government. General Gilbert Diendere turned himself in 01 October 2015 after negotiations with officials in the capital, Ouagadougou. Diendere received assurances that he would not be killed and that he and other soldiers who took part in the September 16 coup will receive a fair trial. General Diendere was believed to have had a hand in the death of Burkina Faso’s charismatic revolutionary leader Thomas Sankara and may have had a connection to Liberia’s civil war.

On 06 October 2015 the head of the coup plotters, General Gilbert Diendéré, and the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Blaise Compaoré, the general of gendarmerie Djibrill Bassolé, were charged with "assassination of state security". On the 16th, General Gilbert Diendéré was charged with a crime against humanity, announced the military justice which held 11 counts against him.

On 12 October 2015 installation of the commission of inquiry into the coup attempt, composed of eight magistrates and soldiers, whose mission is to shed light on the missed coup and to identify the perpetrators or accomplices, civilian or military. A report was to be issued on 12 November after hearing about 211 people, which enabled the commission to identify the sponsors and alleged perpetrators of the putsch.

On 13 October 2015 the presentation of the autopsy report of the alleged body of the Former President Thomas Sankara and ballistic report were presented. Several soldiers of the former Presidential Security Regiment (RSP), who initiated the failed coup d'état on 17 September, were charged with their involvement in the assassination of the President of Burkina Faso in 1987.

On 31 October 2015 the country paid tribute to the victims of the popular insurrection and the coup d'etat of September 16th. The stela is inaugurated and a national day of the Martyrs will be celebrated every year on October 31st.

On 8 January 2016 Burkina Faso issued an international arrest warrant against Guillaume Soro , the President of the Ivorian National Assembly. He was accused of having supported the failed putsch of General Gilbert Diendéré in September 2015.

On 23 January 2016, suspected of having participated in the coup last September, Eddie Komboigo, president of the former ruling party, who had left the country, was immediately arrested on his return to the country.

On 06 April 2016 the Ministry of Justice decided the end of the freezing of assets of people and political parties suspected of having taken part in the failed coup of September 16, 2015.

On 28 April 2016 the Court of Cassation quashed all arrest warrants issued by the military justice in the context of the file of the coup d'etat of September 16, 2015 and the file Thomas Sankara for formal defect. Political figures include Blaise Compaoré, former President of Burkina Faso, and Guillaume Soro, President of the Ivorian National Assembly.

On 09 June 2016, an investigative commission submitted its report on the killing of 28 persons and injuring of 625 in 2014 during protests against former president Blaise Compaore’s efforts to force a National Assembly vote to change presidential term limits. The report recommended the prosecution of 31 persons, including former president Compaore and former transition prime minister Yacouba Isaac Zida. Most of the others recommended for prosecution were former RSP members, but their identities had not been released by year’s end.

On 12 August 2016 the Court of Cassation rejects the request for the provisional release of General Djibrill Bassolé, former Foreign Minister of Blaise Compaoré, imprisoned since the failed coup d'état of September 2015.

On September 6 2016 former ministers of the last Government of Blaise Compaoré were heard in the context of the investigation into the repression of the popular insurrection, which killed some 30 people. All those who had adopted the bill on the amendment of the Constitution, which had set fire to the powders in 2014, were under a rogatory commission.

On September 13 2016 President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré ordered that Yacouba Isaac Zida, former Prime Minister that lived in Canada, be prosecuted during the transition. The motive of this action: "desertion in time of peace".

On 16 September 2016 Luc-Adolphe Tiao, former Prime Minister of Blaise Compaoré, was arrested, charged and convicted on charges of murder in connection with the investigation into the victims of the popular insurrection in October 2014.

On 20 December 2016 the trial of the 27 soldiers of the former Presidential Security Regiment and two civilians accused of planning an attack in December 2015 on the house of arrest and correction of the armies in order to release the generals Gilbert Diendéré, Djbrill Bassolé And military personnel incarcerated in connection with the September 2015 putsch investigation. On 19 January the Military Court reclassified the criminal conspiracy into a military conspiracy.

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