Afghan National Army (ANA) - Order of Battle
Most ANA personnel are assigned to the ANA’s six corps, its Special Operations Force, and its 111th Capital Division. However, the number of personnel assigned does not necessarily equal the number of troops present for duty, as of these forces, 3–11% were AWOL. Operationally, in 2010 the ANA was fielding 5 Corps Headquarters, a Capital Division responsible for the security of the Kabul area, and an ANA Air Corps. In December 2009 the Afghan government approved formation of a new corps — Corps 215 Maiwand. The new corps was to be based in the Helmand Provience capital of Lashkar Gah, where the first US troops are expected to arrive as part of the Obama administration surge. The Afghans vowed to deploy 5,000 members of the new Afghan army corps to Helmand, to be partnered by British and later by US troops in 2010.
Command echelons include Corps (15,000 - 20,000 troops), a Division (approx. 10,000 troops), Brigade (3,000 - 4,000 troops), kandak (battalion - about 600 troops) of four toli (a company-sized unit of rather more than 100 troops, toli being the Urdu word for troop). Most of these units are numbered sequentially, as in the 4th Toli, of the 3rd Kandak, of the 1st Brigade, of the 201st Corps [4th Toli, 3rd Kandak, 1st Brigade, 201st Corps], and cannot be uniquely identified without reference to their upper echelongs. But others have identifiers such as Weapons Toli or 201st Combat Logistics Kandak.
As of 2015 the ANA was divided into one division and six regional corps: 111th Capital Division, 201st Corps, 203rd Corps, 205th Corps, 207th Corps, 209th Corps, and 215th Corps (see their respective areas of responsibilities in Figure 8). According to recent surveys, perceptions of the ANA were most positive in Kabul and 201st Corps areas, and poorest in 215th and 207th Corps areas.
Each corps is typically composed of a headquarters kandak (battalion), three to four infantry brigades, and various specialty kandaks. In addition, two Mobile Strike Force brigades (wheeled medium armored vehicles) provide an additional seven Mobile Strike Force kandaks based in Kabul and Kandahar. These formations are capable of rapid employment in offensive operations. In addition to these combat capabilities, the ANA has headquarters and training units to generate, sustain, command, and control the force.
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