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Mk 62/63/65 Naval Quickstrike Mines

MK62 500-lb Quickstrike
MK63 1000-lb Quickstrike
MK64 2000-lb Quickstrike
MK65 2000-lb Quickstrike
The Navy mining program has several active developmental programs for mines and mine components. A sea (or naval) mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to destroy surface ships or submarines. Mines provide a low-cost battle-space shaping and force protection capability. Mines can be used to deny an enemy access to specific areas or channelize the enemy into specific areas. Sea mines have been used by the U.S. Navy since the Revolutionary War. Mines have been used with significant effect in the Civil War and both World Wars. The most effective use of mines by the United States was against the Japanese Empire in World War II. U.S. aircraft laid over 12,000 mines in Japanese shipping routes and harbor approaches, sinking 650 Japanese ships and totally disrupting all of their maritime shipping.

The Navy has two types of in-service mines, the Quickstrike mine (Marks 62, 63 and 65) and the Submarine Launched Mobile Mine (SLMM) (Mark 67). The SLMM was developed as a submarine deployed mine for use in areas inaccessible for other mine deployment techniques or for covert mining of hostile environments, in order to restrict ship and submarine traffic. The SLMM is a shallow water mine, consisting of a modified MK37 torpedo with a mine target detection device.

The Quickstrike is a family of shallow water, aircraft laid mines used primarily against surface and subsurface craft. Quickstrike versions Mark 62 and Mark 63 are converted general purpose 500-pound and 1000-pound bombs, respectively. The Mark 65 is a 2,000-pound mine, which utilizes a thin-walled mine case, rather than a bomb body.

Quickstrike are shallow-water mines. During Exercise Valiant Shield 2016, which debuted Sept. 13 in the Northern Marianas region, B-1B bombers from the 337th Operational Test Squadron and F/A-18 aircraft from the 1st Marine Air Wing placed 12 inert Quickstrike-J precision maritime mines and four inert Quickstrike-ER standoff, precision maritime mines to a drop zone. This demonstration integrated Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) bomb guidance with existing quickstrike capabilities.

The family of Quickstrike mines are presently in the munitions inventory of the U.S. Government (known as MK 63/64/65) and thus are available for employment. These ordnance are converted for employment in the mine mode by making their near field signals generated by a submarine or ship which these ordnance would ordinarily respond to when functioning in their usual explosive mine mode.

  • the MK 63 Quickstrike ordnance is a warhead weighing 500 pounds. As well-known, the MK 63 ordnance includes an elongated bomb case having an arming device and booster mounted at its nose end and a target detecting device and battery disposed in the bomb case. At the rear end of the bomb case is supported a tail section, bomb fin adapter and bomb fin in succession. Also, a cable and strap assembly 52 encircles the midsection of the bomb case between a pair of axially displaced hook eyelets attached thereon.
  • the MK 64 Quickstrike ordnance is a warhead weighing 1000 pounds. As well-known, the MK 64 ordnance includes an elongated bomb case also having an arming device and booster mounted at its nose end and a target detecting device and battery disposed in the bomb case. At the rear end of the bomb case is supported a tail section. Also, a pair of axially displaced hook eyelets are attached along the top of the bomb case.
  • the MK 65 Quickstrike ordnance is a warhead weighing 2000 pounds. As well-known, the MK 65 ordnance includes an elongated bomb case having a nose fairing attached at its nose end, and a safety device and an arming device mounted in the bomb case through a top opening therein. A target detecting device and battery are disposed in the bomb case adjacent to the arming device. At the rear end of the bomb case is supported one or the other of the tail sections.

The MK 63/64/65 Quickstrike mines all use a MK57 Target Detecting Device (TDD). The Quick Strike (QS) family of bottom mines though very capable, were enhanced by incorporating the Target Detecting Device (TDD) Mk 71, which reached Milestone III in 1995, and provided advanced mine algorithms for ship detection, classification, and localization against some of the emerging threats (i.e., quiet diesel electric subs, mini-subs, fast patrol boats, air cushioned vehicles). The Target Detecting Device (TDD) Mk 71 Mod 1 was produced under a NAVSEA Firm Fixed Price (FFP) contract covering FY 2002-2006. In FY 07, NSWC Panama City held an open competition for a follow-on FFP production contract for the TDD Mk 71 covering FY 2007-2011. In FY 06, NSWC Panama City held an open competition for a production contract for the TDD Adapter Mk 157 used in Quickstrike Mk 65 Mod 3 kits - for FY 2007-2008. In FY 08, NSWC Panama City held open competitions to produce the Safe and Arming Device Mk 75, TDD Adapter Mk 163, and Lithium Battery Mk 176 used in the Quickstrike Mk 62/63 Mod 3 kits.

Quickstrike


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Page last modified: 06-12-2017 17:40:42 ZULU