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Military


Rifles

US Military Rifle Designations

The US Military defines the Approved Item Name "rifle" as a firearm having spiral grooves upon the surface of its bore to impart rotary motion to a projectile, thereby stabilizing the projectile and insuring greater accuracy of impact and longer range. It may fire projectiles automatically or semiautomatically, or successive rounds may be manually loaded. The operation may be gas, recoil, or manual. It is provided with a stock for shoulder firing and may have a sling to aid in carrying and aiming. This Basic Concept Name has historically included recoilless rifles (including systems designated as self-propelled recoilless rifles) and other "rifle" subtypes for purposes of assignment of designations in the Army Nomenclature System.


Designation Notes
US Army Rifle Designations
Rifle, Caliber .30, M1903 7.62x63mm Springfield Armory bolt-action rifle
Rifle, Caliber .30, Automatic, Browning M1918 7.62x63mm Browning Automatic Rifle
Rifle, Caliber .22, M1922 .22 Caliber bolt-action rifle; M1922M1 variant redesignated as Rifle, Caliber .22, M1
Rifle, Caliber .22, M1 .22 Caliber bolt-action rifle; Previously Rifle, Caliber .22, M1922M1
Rifle, Caliber .30, M1 7.62x63mm Springfield Armory "Garand" semi-automatic rifle
Rifle, Caliber .22, M2 .22 Caliber bolt-action rifle
(3)
Rifle, Survival, Caliber .22, M4 .22 Caliber (Hornet cartridge) H&R survival rifle
Rifle, Subcaliber, Caliber .22, M5 .22 Caliber subcaliber training weapon
Rifle, Shotgun, Survival, Caliber .22/.410, M5 .22 Caliber (Hornet cartridge)/.410 gauge H&R survival rifle/shotgun
Rifle, Shotgun, Survival, Caliber .22/.410, M6 .22 Caliber (Hornet cartridge)/.410 gauge Ithaca survival rifle/shotgun
Rifle, Subcaliber, Caliber .30, M7 7.62x63mm Caliber subcaliber training weapon
Rifle, Spotting, Caliber .50, M8 12.7x77mm spotting rifle for recoilless rifles; possibly designated or redesignated in gun category
Rifle, Subcaliber, Caliber .30, M9 7.62x63mm Caliber subcaliber training weapon
(10-11)
Rifle, Caliber .22, M12 Common designation for .22 Caliber H&R M12, Remington 40X-S1, and Winchester 52 bolt-action rifles
Rifle, Caliber .22, M13 Common designation for .22 Caliber Remington 513T, Stevens M416-2T, and Winchester 75T bolt-action rifles
Rifle, 7.62mm, M14 7.62x51mm Springfield Armory select-fire rifle
Rifle, 7.62mm, M15 7.62x51mm Springfield Armory select-fire rifle
Rifle, 5.56mm, M16 5.56x45mm Colt select-fire rifle
Rifle, Caliber .22, XM17 .22 caliber semi-automatic rifle
Rifle, Recoilless, 57mm, M18 57mm recoilless rifle
Rifle, 5.6mm: Primer Activated, Flechette Firing, XM19 5.6mm AAI select fire rifle
Rifle, Recoilless, 75mm, M20 75mm recoilless rifle
Rifle, 7.62mm: Sniper, M21 7.62mm Springfield Armory semi-automatic rifle
Rifle, 5.56mm, XM22 5.56mm Cadillac Gage Stoner 63A; rifle configuration
Rifle, 5.56mm, XM23 5.56mm Cadillac Gage Stoner 63A; carbine configuration
Rifle, 7.62mm: Sniper, M24 7.62mm Remington bolt-action rifle
Rifle, 7.62mm: Sniper, XM25/M25 7.62mm Springfield Armory semi-automatic rifle; possibly commercial rather than Army nomenclature
Rifle, 25mm: Individual Semi-Automatic Airburst System, XM25 25x40mm ATK/HK ISAAS grenade launcher
(26)
Rifle, Recoilless, 105mm, M27 105mm recoilless rifle
(28)
Rifle, 25mm: Integrated Airburst Weapon System, XM29 25x40mm/5.56x45mm ATK/HK SABR/OICW
(30-39)
Rifle, Recoilless, 106mm, M40 106mm (105mm) recoilless rifle
(41-49)
Rifle, Self-Propelled, Full-Tracked: Multiple, 106mm, M50 Allis-Chalmers full-tracked anti-tank vehicle; aka Ontos
(51-62)
Rifle, Recoilless, 120mm, XM63 120mm recoilless rifle
Rifle, Recoilless, 155mm, XM64 155mm recoilless rifle
(65-66)
Rifle, Recoilless, 90mm, M67 90 recoilless rifle
(68)
Rifle, 20mm, Spotting, XM69 20mm spotting rifle
(70-88)
Rifle, Recoilless, 120mm, XM89 120mm recoilless rifle
Rifle, 15mm, Spotting, XM90 15mm spotting rifle
(91-104)
Rifle, Recoilless, 120mm, XM105 120mm recoilless rifle
Rifle, 5.56mm, XM106 5.56x45mm Colt select-fire rifle
Rifle, Caliber .50: Sniper, M107 12.7x99mm Caliber Barrett semi-automatic rifle
Rifle, 25mm, XM109 25x59mm Barrett Anti-Materiel Payload Rifle
Rifle, 7.62mm: Semi-Automatic Sniper System, M110 7.62x51mm KAC SR-XM110 SASS semi-automatic rifle
Rifle, Caliber .30: Sniper, XM2010 .300 Winchester Magnum Remington Enhanced Sniper Rifle; Previously M24E1
US Navy Rifle Designations
(1)
Rifle, 7.62mm, Mk 2 7.62x51mm Springfield Armory semi-automatic rifle
(3)
Rifle, 5.56mm, Mk 4 5.56x45mm Colt Model 604 semi-automatic rifle variant
(5-10)
Rifle, Sniper, 7.62mm, Mk 11 7.62x51mm KAC SR-25M semi-automatic rifle variant
Rifle, Special Purpose, 5.56mm, Mk 12 5.56x45mm Crane NSWC Special Purpose Rifle
Rifle, Sniper, Caliber .30, Mk 13 .300 Winchester Magnum Crane NSWC bolt-action rifle
Rifle, 7.62mm, Mk 14 7.62x51mm Crane NSWC Enhanced Battle Rifle
Rifle, Sniper, Caliber .50, Mk 15 12.7x99mm McMillian Tac-50 bolt-action rifle variant
Rifle, 5.56mm, Mk 16 5.56x45mm FN Herstal USA Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle; Standard configuration
Rifle, 7.62mm, Mk 17 7.62x51mm FN Herstal USA Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle; Standard configuration
(18-19)
Rifle, Sniper, 7.62mm, Mk 20 7.62x51mm FN Herstal USA Sniper Support Rifle; Standard configuration
(28-26)
Rifle, 7.62mm, M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle - Heckler & Koch



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