Future Scout Vehicle (FSV)
Current scout vehicles cannot adequately collect threat information, locate targets, synchronize fire beyond line-of-sight, perform security missions, identify targets during periods of limited/obscured vision and identify air/ground targets beyond visual range ... and integrate information for battlefield decision-making.
The Army has recognized these deficiencies and in the near and mid term has devised a strategy for improving current vehicles, In the far term (FY01 and beyond) the Army wants a different vehicle that employs maturing technologies. This vehicle needs to be a highly mobile platform incorporating stealth technology, advanced vehicle electronics and communications, and irtegrated defensive measures tbr high survivability. The Future Scout Vehicle (FSV) must operate throughout the battlefield and use an integrated day/night, all-weather surveillance and target acquisition system to locate high priority targets. The FSV also has a direct fire weapon capable of defeating light annor, and performs the full range of ground reconnaissance and security missions as well as economy of fbrce operations.
One 1994 study looked at three variants of the future scout vehicle (heavy, moderate, and light). Given the mission of performing a zone reconnaissance as part of a battalion nmovement-to-conti.ct, under these specific circumstances, the recommendation would be to configure the scout platoon with the heavy variant of the Future Scout Vehicle. The conclusion was reached by analyzing data produced by independent operators in two itfferent locations: Fort Knox and the Naval Postgraduate School.
The FSV (light) platoon consists of ten vehicles. Its primary mission is to be able to detect the enemy at extended ranges. This platoon does not have the capability to destroy anything greater than enemy wheeled vehicles. For artillery ballistic protection, the FSV (light) has the average value between an armored personnel carrier and a light wheeled vehicle. The direct fire ballistic protection is the same as that of the up-armored HMMWV. Because of the projected stealth capability of the future scout vehicle, it has by use of countermeasures, the ability to degrade the probability that it will be engaged by an enemy missile system by 25%. Its signature factor is 0.5 meters. The maximum speed for the FSV (light) is 110 km/hr. The sensors on the vehicle are 8 X 50 binoculars, a mast mounted thermal sight, and a Target Acquisition Designation System (TADS-TV). The TADS-TV consists of a Light Helicopter sight (LHX-TV) and an Air Defense Acquisition Tracking System (ADATS- TV). For its armament it only carries a 7.62mm machine-gun.
The FSV (moderate) platoon consists of ten vehicles. It is designed to detect the enemy at extended ranges and has the capability to destroy some light armored enemy vehicles For its artillery ballistic protection, it has the average value of the characteristics between an armored personnel carrier and a medium tracked vehicle. For its direct fire ballistic protection it has the characteristics equal to a M 113 armored personne carrier. The countermeasures are the same as the light version. Its signature factor is 0.8 meters. The maximum land speed for the FSV (moderate) is 95 kmi/hr. The sensors it carries are 8 X 50 binoculars, a mast mounted thermal sight, and a TADS-TV For its armament it has a 25amm chain gun and can dismount a soldier to fire the Javelin.
The FSV (heavy) platoon consists of ten vehicles. It is designed to detect the enemy at extended ranges and to defeat enemy armored vehicles. For its artillery ballistic protection, it has the average value of the characteristics between an armored personnel carrier and a medium tracked vehicle, For the direct fire ballistic protection is has the same characteristics as that of a M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle. The countermeasures are the same as the light and moderate versions. Its signature factor is 1.2 meters. The maximum land speed for the FSV (heavy) is 89 km/hr. Its sensors are 8 X 50 binoculars, a mast mounted thermal sight, and a TADS-TV. Its armament consists of a 25mm chain gun, Javelin, and the Hellfire missile.
PE 0603645A Armored Systems Modernization - Advanced Development Project D018, Future Scout Vehicle, funded a portion of the Future Scout and Cavalry System (FSCS) advanced technology demonstration during FY2000. The majority of the program funding is in PE 0603005A, Project D440, which has a more detailed program description. FSCS will provide Division and below reconnaissance elements a platform with significant improvements in vehicle mobility, survivability, lethality, target acquisition and communication capabilities through integration of advanced technologies.
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