FCS Mounted Combat System (MCS) (formerly FCS BLOS)
Multi-Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS)
The Future Combat System (FCS) Multi Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS) provides direct fire, indirect fire and air defense capabilities that can defeat the full spectrum threat from 0-50km from a common armament module design that can be integrated into a Future Combat System (FCS) vehicle transportable on a C-130 aircraft. Current Army gun propulsion development is primarily focused on this system. The MRAAS ammunition suite consists of three rounds - an Advanced Kinetic Energy (KE) Munition for heavy armor (Line of Sight) LOS defeat from 0-40km, a Multi-Purpose Extended Range Munition (MP-ERM) for precision strike of high value LOS and (Beyond Line of Sight) BLOS targets from 2-15km, and a Smart Cargo Munition for BLOS and (Non-Line of Sight) NLOS engagements against area targets 4-50km. Because this munitions suite is based on common cartridge geometry, the warfighter is able to adapt faster than the enemy to rapidly changing battlefield conditions.
The 105mm Multi Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS) is planned for use on the Future Combat System. MRAAS is designed to provide full spectrum lethality from a single lightweight gun. The system will equip the Army's next generation FCS and will also play a key role in other Army legacy programs.
The MRAAS, envisioned by the Army as a highly lethal capability to be in incorporated into the Future Combat Systems program, will provide Line of Sight, Beyond Line of Sight and Non-Line of Sight fire capability on a platform that can be carried on a C-130 aircraft. The Turret Mission Module Weapon Control (TMM-WC) system will provide the required weapon pointing control, accuracy and fires efficiency while operating in direct and indirect fire modes with new munitions and a new gun system.
Under the Future Combat System Multi-Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS) Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD), the U.S. Army s TACOM-ARDEC plans to demonstrate an integrated multi-role armament system providing lethality overmatch capability across a large range of targets and distances. A key enabler to the MRAAS s capabilities, Electrothermal Chemical (ETC) gun propulsion, is a hybrid propulsion concept that uses electrical energy, in the form of plasma, to initiate / augment / control the release of chemical energy from high-energy, high loading density propellants. ETC technology requires modest amounts of electrical energy (50 450 kJ, depending on application) in millisecond(s)-length pulses to replace the conventional powder ignition system. This technology provides for a more efficient and effective utilization of chemical gun technology enhancing system performance and lethality.
The Multi-Role Armament & Ammunition ATD objective is to demonstrate an integrated multi-role armament system providing lethality overmatch capability in the expanded "Red Zone" Close Fight and Tactical Deep Fight, enabling the Objective Force to dominate maneuver throughout the Full Spectrum of Conflict. The TRADOC community is redefining and dividing up the battlefield. The expression "Red Zone" is actually three zones - there's a Red Zone, 0-12 km; there's something called Tactical Deep that covers beyond the Red Zone - the 50 km; and then there's Operational Deep which is going out to the 300-500 km range. The Red Zone concept has been blessed all the way up to the Chief of Staff of the Army.
In late March 2002 the US Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command-Armament Research Development and Engineering Center (TACOM-ARDEC) awarded General Dynamics Land Systems, a business unit of General Dynamics Corporation, a $30 million contract for the development and demonstration of the Turret Mission Module Weapon Control (TMM-WC) system of the Multi-Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS).
In late March 2002 Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control was recently awarded a $2.9 million contract for Phase I of the Future Combat System (FCS) Multi-Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS). This award was the first increment of a contract worth approximately $6 million. Lockheed Martin is partnered with ATK Ammunition Systems and Draper Laboratory as one of two teams downselected to develop and initially test MRAAS as part of a two-phased Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD) program. Lockheed Martin's MRAAS munition suite features three rounds: an anti-armor projectile, a guided extended range projectile and a guided medium range projectile.
ATK (Alliant Techsystems) is part of an industry team headed by Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control that has been selected to develop a smart ammunition suite for the U.S. Army's Multi-Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS), which is a candidate armament system for Block 2 of the Future Combat System (FCS). ATK Ammunition Systems, Arden Hills, Minn., will develop the MRAAS precision-guided, kinetic energy projectile (MRAAS-KE) and support Lockheed Martin in the development of two other complementary rounds that comprise its MRAAS munitions suite. MRAAS-KE will be a derivative of the Tank Extended Range Munition (TERM), a gun-launched, precision-guided munition that is compatible with 105mm and 120mm gun systems. The MRAAS ammunition suite, which is designed to provide full-spectrum lethality, is also applicable to the Brigade Combat Team Mobile Gun System and the legacy force.
In April 2002 Raytheon Company was awarded a $6 million contract to develop the Multi-Role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS) munition suite for the U.S. Army's Future Combat System (FCS). The contracting agency is the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center, Picatinny, Arsenal, N.J. The FCS MRAAS award is an important first step in Raytheon Company's plan to support the FCS. Work on this contract will be performed at the Raytheon Company's Missile Systems business unit in Tucson, Ariz., and will be completed by April 2003. General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems is teamed with Raytheon Company on the MRAAS program.
Raytheon's suite will be an integrated family of munitions that provide full spectrum lethality capability to the FCS, from close combat to 50 km. Raytheon will do its part to ensure that FCS is fielded on schedule. Raytheon's MRAAS program will demonstrate key enabling technologies that allow the FCS to engage targets at extended ranges and in adverse weather. These technologies leverage off the Raytheon Common Missile, Excalibur and Javelin programs. MRAAS will also demonstrate new technologies that may be used by other Objective Force programs, such as the Precision Guided Mortar Munition and the Mid Range Munition for FCS Block I.
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